Lent

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Lent a period of 40 weekdays from Ash Wednesday to Holy Saturday
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In Ivrea, Italy, thousands of citizens celebrate the beginning of Lent by throwing oranges at one another
    • Lent lĕnt imp. & p. p. of Lend.
    • n Lent (Eccl) A fast of forty days, beginning with Ash Wednesday and continuing till Easter, observed by some Christian churches as commemorative of the fast of our Savior.
    • Lent (Mus) See Lento.
    • Lent Slow; mild; gentle; as, lenter heats.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Pretzels were originally invented for Christian Lent. The twists of the pretzels are to resemble arms crossed in prayer
    • n lent An annual fast of forty days, beginning with Ash Wednesday and continuing till Easter, observed from very early times in the Christian church, in commemoration of Christ's forty days' fast (Mat. iv. 2), and as a season of special penitence and preparation for the Easter feast. The lenten fast is now observed as obligatory by the Orthodox Greek and other Oriental churches, and by the Roman Catholic, Anglican, and Lutheran churches, and as a profitable exercise by many members of other churches. It has varied in length at different times and in different parts of the church, and has begun later or earlier according as Sundays only or Saturdays also were excepted from fasting. In the Western Church it begins on Ash Wednesday, forty-six days before Easter; but as the intervening Sundays, called Sundays in (not of) Lent, are (on the ground that Sunday is always a feast-day) not counted part of Lent, the fast lasts only forty days. The first Sunday in Lent is known as Quadragesima Sunday, the fourth as Mid-Lent Sunday, the fifth as Passion Sunday, and the sixth (beginning Holy Week) as Palm Sunday. The two weeks and a half preceding Lent, beginning with Septuagesima, following which are Sexagesima and Quinquagesima Sundays, form the pre-lenten season, a transition between the joyful Christmas and Epiphany season and the penitential season of Lent. In medieval times the name Lent (or, in Latin, Quadragesima) was given to other periods of fasting also. Forty days between Martinmas (November 11th) and Christmas Eve were called St. Martin's Lent (Quadragesima S. Martini), and another Lent preceded St. John Baptist's day (June 24th). In distinction from these, the period between Ash Wednesday and Easter was called Great Lent and Clean Lent, the last name being probably given on account of the preceding confession and absolution. In the Greek Church Lent (Τεσσ, σ1αρακοστή) begins on the Monday after Tyrophagus (Quinquagesima), and the first, third, and sixth Sundays are called Orthodoxy Sunday, Stauroproskynesimos (Sunday of the Adoration of the Cross), and Palm Sunday respectively.
    • n lent Preterit and past participle of lend.
    • lent Slow; gentle; mild.
    • lent In music, same as lento.
    • n lent A suffix in some adjectives of Latin origin, as flatulent, pestilent, pulverulent, turbulent, vinolent, violent, virulent, etc. It is not used in new English formations.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Consuming chocolate was once considered a sin during the 16th and 17th century. During that time it was provided in the form of a drink and since drinking wine during lent was a sin, so was drinking chocolate
    • n Lent lent an annual fast of forty days in commemoration of the fast of our Saviour (Matt. iv. 2), from Ash-Wednesday to Easter
    • ***

Quotations

  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Don't be one to remember everything lent, but forget everything borrowed.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. lente, lenten, leynte, AS. lengten, lencten, spring, lent, akin to D. lente, OHG. lenzin, langiz, G. lenz, and perh. fr. AS. lang, long, E. long, because at this season of the year the days lengthen
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. lencten, the spring; Dut. lente, Ger. lenz.

Usage

In literature:

You have lent him money, at an exorbitant rate of interest.
"Mr. Scarborough's Family" by Anthony Trollope
PASSION SUNDAY, the fifth Sunday in Lent, which is succeeded by what is called the Passion Week.
"The Nuttall Encyclopaedia" by Edited by Rev. James Wood
Some London merchants lent them money.
"A Short History of the United States" by Edward Channing
On entering la Cour des Fees, it was, in truth, found to want her whose beauty and grace had lent its chief attraction.
"The Water-Witch or, The Skimmer of the Seas" by James Fenimore Cooper
For the occasion my mother lent me her pearls, which were of great magnificence.
"Strange True Stories of Louisiana" by George Washington Cable
Where unknown malice had done its worst, invisible goodness had lent its aid.
"The Man Who Laughs" by Victor Hugo
And you lent him a hundred pounds to help him to clear off to America.
"Mr. Prohack" by E. Arnold Bennett
The drumming in of the New Year lasts until Lent.
"Library Of The World's Best Literature, Ancient And Modern, Vol. 2" by Charles Dudley Warner
The first storm of the winter had been met, and its one clear lesson lent a dread to any possible successors.
"Wells Brothers" by Andy Adams
A gentle breeze lent a tonic quality to the atmosphere.
"The Young Wireless Operator--As a Fire Patrol" by Lewis E. Theiss
In Lent term, 1838, he was hard at work on the new poem.
"The Life of John Ruskin" by W. G. Collingwood
This uncertainty lent a spice of interest to the acquaintance.
"Don Orsino" by F. Marion Crawford
Find out whether he lent it to anybody, and, if so, who.
"Mavericks" by William MacLeod Raine
A benevolent old gentleman, putting down his bundles, lent him a helping hand.
"More Toasts"
Heaps of people have lent me money because they've believed what I've told them about my wife or my mother or my child dying.
"Captivity" by M. Leonora Eyles
He lent money to the King, and the King's favour was about him.
"Puck of Pook's Hill" by Rudyard Kipling
It is best to be made at Michaelmas, and not drunk of till Lent.
"The Closet of Sir Kenelm Digby Knight Opened" by Kenelm Digby
This lent popular sanction to the Spanish hegemony, in spite of its obvious drawbacks.
"Renaissance in Italy, Volumes 1 and 2" by John Addington Symonds
Two friends of Franklin lent him what capital he needed; he bought out Meredith and had the whole business for himself.
"Benjamin Franklin" by John Torrey Morse, Jr.
He could soon read easily, and Mr Finch, by the captain's orders, lent him several books.
"From Powder Monkey to Admiral" by W.H.G. Kingston
***

In poetry:

Thundering voices from within,
Mix'd with peals of laughter, rose;
As they fell, a solemn strain
Lent its wild and wondrous close!
"Frederick and Alice" by Sir Walter Scott
Yet, even as my lips proclaim
The wisdom that the years have lent,
Your absence is joy's banishment,
And life's one music is your name.
"The Veil Of Maya" by Edith Nesbit
"A silent Orpheus wrought the charm
From riven rocks their spoils to bring;
A nameless Titan lent his arm
To range us in our magic ring.
"The Broken Circle" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
Shelley kept his wild music wondrous clear;
He bent
His soul in flights of melody, which here
Are with us still, and speaking, as if lent
"The Veiled Memnon" by Alexander Anderson
"Why, murmuring, mourn that he, whose power
Was lent to Party over-long,
Heard the still whisper at the hour
He set his foot on Party wrong?
"Rantoul" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Your kindness lent to my caresses
That beauty you so lightly prize,--
The midnight of your sable tresses,
The twilight of your shadowed eyes.
"Adoration" by Laurence Hope

In news:

Lent Benefit Fish Fry, Fri. April 6, 2012 12:01 a.m.
Lent Town Board Chairman and Master of Ceremonies Gene Olson torched the mortgage note.
HOLLYWOOD — Lent was the gray furry stuff that accumulated in the vent of my clothes dryer—that's what I used to think.
Peninsula Singers presents three performances of Martin Shaw's oratorio "The Redeemer" this weekend for the Lent season.
During Lent , the season of reflection, Christians around the world are focusing on being better stewards of creation.
Lent , however, brings the largest crowds.
Denny's in Avenel, NJ wants to help you celebrate Lent .
Lent season offers reminders of our shared mortality.
The word Lent is not found in the Bible.
Man developed Lent some time after the life of Christ here.
Observe vegetarian diet during Lent .
This week, the Christian church embarked on the annual 40-day journey known as Lent .
What People Gave Up For Lent 2012 (According to Twitter).
5 Recipes to Get You Through Lent .
Many Catholics and Protestants show penitence by giving up something — chocolate, their favorite TV show, technology — for Lent .
***

In science:

Let (R, m) be an excel lent local domain of positive prime characteristic p, let I ⊆ R and let x ∈ I .
Localization and test exponents for tight closure
Suppose that R is F -pure and excel lent (but not necessarily local).
An excellent F-pure ring of prime characteristic has a big tight closure test element
Suppose that R is F -pure and excel lent (but not necessarily local).
An excellent F-pure ring of prime characteristic has a big tight closure test element
Suppose that (R, m) is local, F -pure and excel lent.
An excellent F-pure ring of prime characteristic has a big tight closure test element
Suppose that (R, m) is F -pure, local and excel lent.
An excellent F-pure ring of prime characteristic has a big tight closure test element
Suppose that R is F -pure and excel lent (but not necessarily local).
An excellent F-pure ring of prime characteristic has a big tight closure test element
Thus if R is excel lent and F -pure, then R has a big test element.
An excellent F-pure ring of prime characteristic has a big tight closure test element
Let R be excel lent and F -pure, and let c ∈ R◦ be such that Rc is regular.
An excellent F-pure ring of prime characteristic has a big tight closure test element
The truly excel lent and classic introduction to the subject of the electrodynamic response of solids (although there is very little in it in the way of electronic correlations).
Electrodynamics of correlated electron systems
Experimental and theoretical papers with excel lent sections on the phenomenological expectations for the optical response of heavy fermion materials and optical self-energies (10; 11). “Fourier Transform Infrared 12. C.C.
Electrodynamics of correlated electron systems
Saito, Canonical embedded and non-embedded resolution of singularities for excel lent two-dimensional schemes, Preprint 2009, arXiv:math.
Weights in arithmetic geometry
The dashed black line shows (an excel lent approximation of ) the target pvalue.
Conservative Hypothesis Tests and Confidence Intervals using Importance Sampling
The first measurement of a polarization signal came in 2002 from the DASI experiment , which provided a convincing detection, confirming the general paradigm, but of low enough significance that it lent little constraint to models.
Cosmic Microwave Background Mini-review
Let S be an excel lent scheme and X an algebraic stack local ly of finite type over S .
Stable points on algebraic stacks
Let X be an algebraic stack local ly of finite type over an excel lent scheme S .
Stable points on algebraic stacks
***