Laws of motion

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Laws of motion (Physics) three laws defined by Sir Isaac Newton: (1) Every body perseveres in its state of rest or of moving uniformly in a straight line, except so far as it is made to change that state by external force. (2) Change of motion is proportional to the impressed force, and takes place in the direction in which the force is impressed. (3) Reaction is always equal and opposite to action, that is to say, the actions of two bodies upon each other are always equal and in opposite directions.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Laws of motion Newton's three laws: (1) Every body continues in its state of rest, or of uniform motion in a straight line, except so far as it may be compelled by force to change that state; (2) Change of motion is proportional to force applied, and takes place in the direction of the straight line in which the force acts; (3) To every action there is always an equal and contrary reaction
    • ***

Quotations

  • W. Clement Stone
    W.%20Clement%20Stone
    “The natural law of inertia: Matter will remain at rest or continue in uniform motion in the same straight line unless acted upon by some external force.”

Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L.,—movēre, mōtum, to move.

Usage

In literature:

Is this arrest of the earth's motion, or the evidence which affirms it, most within the law of probabilities?
"Memoir, Correspondence, And Miscellanies, From The Papers Of Thomas Jefferson" by Thomas Jefferson
He even maintains that the laws of motion are entirely arbitrary.
"Theodicy" by G. W. Leibniz
The laws of matter in motion are, or seem to be, of the timeless or mathematical kind.
"Anthropology" by Robert Marett
What a narrow view of the sublime laws of motion!
"Lectures on Language" by William S. Balch
Matter and the laws of motion are the object of mechanics, of chemistry, and of physics.
"The Heavenly Father" by Ernest Naville
It will be perceived that we treat it as any other fluid, in relation to its law of motion and condensation.
"Outlines of a Mechanical Theory of Storms" by T. Bassnett
I do not for a moment believe that this is a true account of the real status of the Laws of Motion.
"The Concept of Nature" by Alfred North Whitehead
Two years later a general Affirmation Bill was carried on the motion of Bradlaugh, and became law.
"The Rise of the Democracy" by Joseph Clayton
Motion is the law of its being, if not towards a fuller life, motion toward death.
"The Origins and Destiny of Imperial Britain" by J. A. Cramb
When he put that matter into motion, he established certain laws of motion, to which all moveable bodies must conform.
"Commentaries on the Laws of England" by William Blackstone
As a judge he set in motion forces which ultimately led to the incorporation of the principles of right in objective laws.
"The Christian View of the Old Testament" by Frederick Carl Eiselen
What but arguing, some in support of the motion of the plebeian tribunes, others for the repeal of the law?
"Roman Women" by Alfred Brittain
The next year the new Law on Motion Pictures was passed, which essentially expanded on the theme of state control.
"Area Handbook for Bulgaria" by Eugene K. Keefe, Violeta D. Baluyut, William Giloane, Anne K. Long, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
Intuitive perception and application of the laws of GRAVITY, MOTION, etc.
"The Illustrated Self-Instructor in Phrenology and Physiology" by O. S. Fowler
To him is due the establishment of the three laws of motion.
"History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, Volume II (of 2)" by John William Draper
On motion a committee of three was appointed by the chair to report by-laws for the government of the association.
"Fifty Years In The Northwest" by William Henry Carman Folsom
Newton's laws of motion.
"Physics" by Willis Eugene Tower
It is one of the curious results of the second law of motion, that an unlimited number of motions may exist together in the same body.
"Letters on Astronomy" by Denison Olmsted
Now, to give motion or to resist motion is itself either a breach or a use of a law of Nature, according as we express that law.
"The Contemporary Review, Volume 36, December 1879" by Various
What effect would you expect the laws of glacier motion to have on the slant of the sides of transverse crevasses?
"The Elements of Geology" by William Harmon Norton
***

In poetry:

And what new wonders can ye show your guest!
Who, while on this dim spot, where mortals toil
Clouded in dust, from motion's simple laws,
Could trace the secret hand of Providence,
Wide-working through this universal frame.
"A Poem Sacred to the Memory of Sir Isaac Newton" by James Thomson

In news:

LAS VEGAS – Balls, in all their spheric and bulbous forms, are typically governed by the immutable laws of motion.
In 1998, spiritual teacher Gary Zukav was the first Oprah Show guest to explain how Newton's third law of motion applies to our lives and emotions.
CONCEPT(S): Inertia and the laws of motion for matter.
That's because rockets derive their power from Newton's Third Law of Motion, which holds that for every action, there must be an equal and opposite reaction.
The motion could lead to a quick decision in the industry's legal attack on a law that mandates carriage of all local TV signals in a market.
Eighth grade science students at Sonoraville Middle School conducted a study on force and motion by having a balloon rocket race to demonstrate Newton's third law of motion: "For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.".
CLINTON — A district judge has struck down a motion in an Open Meetings Law violation ruling involving the city of Clinton.
The Humane Society of the United States has filed a motion to intervene in and dismiss a state court lawsuit challenging Proposition 2, the 2008 California voter-approved law regulating egg -laying hen cages.
We can navigate spacecraft practically anywhere in the solar system with nothing but Isaac Newton's laws of motion.
And (3) studies in the area of intuitive physics demonstrate that people 's lack of understanding of the laws of motion are clearly beyond the knowledge of the ordinary juror.
Newton's third law of motion states that for every action there's an equal and opposite reaction.
***

In science:

The invariance principle of is based on classical homogenization results which allow one to prove that the law of the rescaled random walk converges to the law of a Brownian motion, in probability, with respect to the environment.
Isoperimetric inequalities and mixing time for a random walk on a random point process
They are used in statistical physics to model anomalous diffusion, where a cloud of particles spreads at a rate different than the classical Brownian motion, and may exhibit skewness or heavy power-law tails.
Coupled continuous time random walks in finance
If the waiting times have power-law probability tails P (Ji > t) ≈ t−β for some 0 < β < 1 then the random walk of trading times Tn is also asymptotically stable, with c−1/β T[ct] ⇒ D(t) a β -stable L´evy motion.
Coupled continuous time random walks in finance
The motions and force laws are constructed in such a way that fluxels never cross one another, unless forced to by the physics of the model.
Fluxon Modeling of Low-Beta Plasmas
We denote by eP the law of R = (Rs )s≥0 , which is a standard Brownian motion, independent of B such that dRs plays the role of wi .
Copolymer at selective interfaces and pinning potentials: weak coupling limits
Let (Bt) be a standard d-dimensional Brownian motion and let m be the Wiener measure, law of B .
An extension to the Wiener space of the arbitrary functions principle
The weak convergence acts on R × C ([0, 1]) and X (w) denotes a random variable with the same law as X had under m function of a Brownian motion W independent of B .
An extension to the Wiener space of the arbitrary functions principle
The law of the rescaled process εX ω t/ε2 converges in probability (with respect to ω ) to the law of a Brownian motion with a certain covariance matrix A (see (45)).
On homogenization of space-time dependent and degenerate random flows
So let us fix ℓ > 0 and denote by Qℓ (dw) the probability measure on W0 which is the law of a linear Brownian motion started from 0 and stopped at time ℓ.
Scaling limits of bipartite planar maps are homeomorphic to the 2-sphere
Then for all T > 0 and for P0 -almost every ω , the law of (Bn (t) : 0 ≤ t ≤ T ) on (C [0, T ], WT ) converges, as n → ∞, weakly to the law of an isotropic Brownian motion (Bt : 0 ≤ t ≤ T ) with a positive and finite diffusion constant (which is independent of ω ).
Functional CLT for random walk among bounded random conductances
The process of motion is based on the intrinsic nature of the cellular automata and the relevant velocity translation law (if any) should be derived from it.
The velocity translation in the game of "Life"
CHRIS HOWITT AND JON WARREN W , and (cid:0)X ′ (t); t ≥ 0(cid:1) denote the corresponding path taken from the web W ′ , then the pair (cid:0)X, X ′ ) is distributed according to the law of a diffusion in R2 , which we have previously, , called θ -coupled Brownian motions.
Dynamics for the Brownian web and the erosion flow
By virtue of this uniqueness and their definition, it is clear that the laws of sticky-coalescing systems (SCS) if an Rd -valued process is a of Brownian motions have a natural consistency property: SCS then so too is any Rd′ -valued process, d′ ≤ d, formed by taking some subset of the coordinates of the given process.
Dynamics for the Brownian web and the erosion flow
In general, Le Jan and Raimond have shown that the law of a stochastic flow of kernels is characterized by its family of N -point motions.
Dynamics for the Brownian web and the erosion flow
We may construct an RN -valued process having the same law as that at (42) by generalizing the construction of (p, n)-coupled Brownian motions.
Dynamics for the Brownian web and the erosion flow
***