Latin

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj Latin of or relating to the ancient Latins or the Latin language "Latin verb conjugations"
    • adj Latin of or relating to the ancient region of Latium "Latin towns"
    • adj Latin relating to languages derived from Latin "Romance languages"
    • adj Latin relating to people or countries speaking Romance languages "Latin America"
    • n Latin any dialect of the language of ancient Rome
    • n Latin a person who is a member of those peoples whose languages derived from Latin
    • n Latin an inhabitant of ancient Latium
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The 20th president of the United States James Garfield could write Greek with one hand and Latin with the other at the same time
    • Latin (Eccl) A member of the Roman Catholic Church.
    • Latin A native or inhabitant of Latium; a Roman.
    • Latin An exercise in schools, consisting in turning English into Latin.
    • Latin Of or pertaining to Latium, or to the Latins, a people of Latium; Roman; as, the Latin language.
    • Latin Of, pertaining to, or composed in, the language used by the Romans or Latins; as, a Latin grammar; a Latin composition or idiom.
    • Latin The language of the ancient Romans.
    • v. t Latin To write or speak in Latin; to turn or render into Latin.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: During the Roman times, people used urine, called lotium in Latin, as a hair product
    • Latin Of, pertaining to, or derived from ancient Latium or its inhabitants: as, the Latin cities; the Latin wars; the Latin language.
    • Latin Pertaining to or having affinity with the ancient Latins in the wider sense of the word: so applied from the spread of the language and civilization of the people of Latium throughout Italy and the Roman empire: as, the Latin races of southern Europe; the Latin arts.
    • Latin Relating or pertaining to, or composed in, the language of the ancient Latins or Romans: as, a Latin idiom; a Latin poem. See II., 3.
    • Latin The Roman Catholic Church.
    • Latin Synonyms See Roman.
    • n Latin A member of the race that inhabited ancient Latium in central Italy, including Rome; afterward, one to whom the Latin language was vernacular; an ancient Roman, Italian, etc.
    • n Latin In modern application, a member of one of the races ethnically and linguistically related to the ancient Romans or Italians, by descent or intermixture: as, the Latins of Italy, France, Spain, and Portugal.
    • n Latin The language of ancient Rome; the language originally spoken in Latium, and afterward extended over all the integral parts of the Roman empire in Europe, which is the basis of the modern Romance languages (see Romance), and has supplied the greater part in bulk of the vocabulary of modern English (see English). Latin belongs to the Italican branch of the Indo-European or Aryan family, together with Oscan, Umbrian, and other dialects of which hardly any remains are extant. Its nearer relations with the other branches of the family are matters of doubt and dispute. It was formerly, on insufficient grounds, believed especially akin with Greek; more recently, it has been thought closer to Celtic. Latin, with its literature, is divided chronologically into several periods—in this dictionary, in the etymologies, into five, namely Old Latin, Classical Latin, Late. Latin, Middle Latin, and New Latin. See below.
    • n Latin A member of the Latin or Roman Catholic Church: the designation most frequently used by Greek Catholics and other Oriental Christians for Roman Catholics.
    • n Latin A member of a civil community in Turkey composed of such subjects of the Sultan as are of foreign ancestry and of the Roman Catholic faith.
    • n Latin An exercise in schools, consisting in turning English into Latin.
    • n Latin The divisions and periods of the Latin vary more or less with different writers. As generally adopted, and as somewhat more precisely discriminated in this dictionary and systematically followed in the etymologies, they are here defined in chronological order:
    • n Latin Abbreviated L. or Lat.
    • Latin To turn into Latin; interlard with Latin.
    • Latin To use Latin words or phrases.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Latin Americans have two last names.
    • adj Latin lat′in pertaining to ancient Latium (esp. Rome) or its inhabitants, also to all races claiming affinity with the Latins by language, race, or civilisation: written or spoken in Latin
    • n Latin an inhabitant of ancient Latium: a member of a modern race ethnically or linguistically related to the ancient Romans or Italians: the language of ancient Rome—the foundation of the modern Romance tongues: a member of the Latin or Roman Catholic Church
    • Latin Latin as written between 1500 and the present time, mostly used as a scientific medium
    • ***

Quotations

  • Plutarch
    Plutarch
    “They named it Ovation from the Latin ovis [A Sheep].”
  • Billie Burke
    Billie Burke
    “To survive there, you need the ambition of a Latin-American revolutionary, the ego of a grand opera tenor, and the physical stamina of a cow pony.”
  • Heinrich Heine
    Heinrich%20Heine
    “If the Romans had been obliged to learn Latin they would never have found time to conquer the world.”
  • Ronald Reagan
    Ronald%20Reagan
    “Status quo, you know, that is Latin for the mess we're in.”
  • Hilaire Belloc
    Hilaire%20Belloc
    “Is there no Latin word for Tea? Upon my soul, if I had known that I would have let the vulgar stuff alone.”
  • Josh Billings
    Josh%20Billings
    “There is a significant Latin proverb; to wit: Who will guard the guards?”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F., fr. L. Latinus, belonging to Latium, Latin, fr. Latium, a country of Italy, in which Rome was situated. Cf. Ladin Lateen sail, under Lateen
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. Latinus, belonging to Latium, the district round Rome.

Usage

In literature:

Latin he may have known as a boy, since the colony of Brundisium was founded B.C.
"The Student's Companion to Latin Authors" by George Middleton
The Latin language overspread the greater part of the Roman empire.
"A Handbook of the English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
Each had a Latin word painted on it.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
He parses and makes Latin rather better than common.
"The History of Dartmouth College" by Baxter Perry Smith
They began with Latin, as that gave a better foundation for all else.
"A Little Girl in Old Philadelphia" by Amanda Minnie Douglas
She wanted to learn Latin and Greek and French and mathematics.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
Latin wives, wherever ye may be, 400 Hearken!
"The Æneids of Virgil" by Virgil
It bears a very close affinity to Law Latin, with which, indeed, it is sometimes confounded.
"The Comic Latin Grammar" by Percival Leigh
In one of our colleges science students are required to take two years of Latin.
"College Teaching" by Paul Klapper
The scribes of the middle ages had much difficulty in this respect since medieval Latin is different from Apician language.
"Cooking and Dining in Imperial Rome" by Apicius
The Charter was an English document translated into Latin.
"A History of Giggleswick School" by Edward Allen Bell
During the last three years of our school life we had to write plenty of Latin and Greek verse, and were taught to speak Latin.
"My Autobiography" by F. Max Müller
Why, I learn Latin too!
"Tom and Maggie Tulliver" by Anonymous
Were they wholly Latin?
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
After living in the Latin island we should think in Latin as we read, and read without translating.
"The Intellectual Life" by =Philip Gilbert Hamerton
Mrs. Van Dorn wished you to take up French; of course you will begin with Latin.
"Helen Grant's Schooldays" by Amanda M. Douglas
The ancient Teutonic laws and traditions, though committed to mediaeval Latinity, are German in spirit.
"Women of the Teutonic Nations" by Hermann Schoenfeld
He edited and commented upon many of the Latin poets.
"A Biographical Dictionary of Freethinkers of All Ages and Nations" by Joseph Mazzini Wheeler
Latin of the First Period 98 151.
"The English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
In later Latin usage "catholic" came to mean much the same as "canonical," another name that was also given.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 7" by Various
***

In poetry:

"Needn't bother me,
Jolly well you know it;
Parceque je suis
Quartier Latin poet.
"Noctambule" by Robert W Service
Ivory milk, earth's coffee,
The white face of books
And the touch, feel, smell of paper —
Latin's lovely looks.
"Common Things" by Ivor Gurney
Tones that were fashioned when the faith brooded in darkness,
Joined with sonorous vowels in the noble Latin,
Now are married with the long-drawn Ojibwa,
Uncouth and mournful.
"Night Hymns On Lake Nipigon" by Duncan Campbell Scott
I'll be a priest, if you want it so,
I'll work till I have enough to go
And study Latin to say the prayers
On the rosary our old priest wears.
I wished to be a sailor too,
But I will give myself to you.
"Sancta Maria, Succurre Miseris" by Amy Lowell
"You now object as if afraid;
These points are answer'd soon as made:
Ne'er let a word of Latin fly
While any Latin scholar's by;
But, when he's absent, 'mong the mopes
Let borrow'd Latin fly in tropes.
"Receipt To Make A Priest" by William Hutton
Lady Gertrude.
No, no, I want that one.
Its ghost walks up and down inside my head,
But won't stand long enough to show itself.
You must talk Latin to it—sing it away,
Or when I'm ill, 'twill haunt me.
"Within and Without: Part IV: A Dramatic Poem" by George MacDonald

In news:

From big screen hunks and soccer studs to Latin singing sensations, these smokin' hot pops have given themselves some major competition -- by having children that end up looking just like them.
Latin Academy's ace pitcher Sam Steeves pitched in the Boston City League semifinal victory on Saturday afternoon against East Boston and won't be available for Monday's championship against North conference rival Boston English.
If this demographic's views at all mirror the sentiment in Latin American countries, President Barack Obama could be in trouble.
Think you know Latin America.
This company buys flowers from about 30 domestic growers and from suppliers in Holland, Israel, and Latin America.
A healthier Fidel Casto recently granted an audience with an American journalist and Latin America scholar, revealing his concerns with Cuba's economic system .
More than 1 million people of Cuban descent live in the United States and thousands more make their homes in Europe or Latin America.
Variety of New Latin Music Sites Seek English-Speaking Audience.
WHEN Ricky Martin swiveled his hips at the 1999 Grammys, he set off a tide of Latin pop record sales in this country.
Dear Ask a Mexican, What is the best Latin club in Dallas.
'Latin Views' exhibition proves expansive and innovative.
Latin America to account for 29% of installations 2013-2017.
According to the official Zumba website (www.zumba.com), 12 million people from 110,000 locations in 125 countries participate in the Latin-inspired dance fitness classes.
"Yesterday (Thursday), a document arrived from the United States, rejecting the extradition of people who have done a lot of damage to Bolivia," leftist Morales, an outspoken critic of US foreign policy in Latin America, said in a speech.
Latin America leaders back Argentina over Falkland Islands stand-off.
***

In science:

Lie algebra so(3, R) or so(3, C ), and the lower case latin indices i range from one to three.
Quantum general invariance and loop gravity
For example, the operations x + y (mod n), x − y (mod n) and x ⊕ y are Latin square operations.
Guaranteeing the diversity of number generators
Moreover, every group operation is a Latin square operation, and if x ⋆ y is a Latin square operation and P , Q, Z are permutations, then Z (P (x) ⋆ Q(y )) is a Latin square operation.
Guaranteeing the diversity of number generators
We shall use big Latin letters for not reduced weights, small Latin letters for rubbish weights, and numbers for twisting weights.
Hermitian Characteristics of Nilpotent Elements
In the present convention, Latin indices are never raised.
General Spherically Symmetric Non Singular Black Hole Solutions in Teleparallel Theory of Gravitation
We use the Minkowski metric ηab = diag (1, −1, −1, −1) on the Poincar´e group manifold to rise and lower the latin indices a, b, c.
Schwarzschild solution on a space-time with torsion
We shall also adopt the following convention of Bowditch : We use upper case latin letters for elements of Ω, and the corresponding lower case letters for the values assigned to them by φ; that is, x = φ(X ), y = φ(Y ) etc.
Generalized Markoff Maps and McShane's Identity
Hafnians, from the Latin name of Copenhagen, the first seat of the theoretical group of CERN, were introduced in quantum field theory by Caianiello , as a useful tool when dealing with Bose statistics.
Euclidean Field Theory
He studied Q1 when F (n) is the set of Latin squares of order n, and proved that this question is CoNP-complete.
On the Computational Complexity of Defining Sets
The size of the smallest strong critical set in a Latin square.
On the Computational Complexity of Defining Sets
Defining sets in vertex colorings of graphs and Latin rectangles.
On the Computational Complexity of Defining Sets
Proposition 3 A Latin quand le Q satisfies qpQ (s, t) = |Q|st.
A polynomial invariant of finite quandles
Let Q be a Latin quandle and fix an element xi .
A polynomial invariant of finite quandles
Conjecture 1 Every quand le Q with qpQ (s, t) = |Q|st is Latin.
A polynomial invariant of finite quandles
Latin quandles are a type of distributive quasigroup.
A polynomial invariant of finite quandles
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