Jain

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj Jain relating to or characteristic of Jainism "Jain gods"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • prop. n Jain One of a numerous sect in British India, holding the tenets of Jainism.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Jain A member of a non-Brahminical sect in India, the doctrinal system of which corresponds in many essential points with Buddhism. The sect seems, according to their own scriptures, to have originated with one Pārswanātha about 700 b. c., but became fully established about 200 years later under Vardhamāna (or Jnātaputra, in Pāli Nātaputta), one of six noted false teachers (according to Buddhistic writings) contemporary with Gautama, the Buddha. The Jains are divided into two classes or parties, the Swetambaras, or ‘white-robed ones,’ and the Digambaras, or ‘sky-clad (or naked) ones’. The Jains deny the divine origin and infallible authority of the Vedas. They believe in the eternity of the universe both of matter and of mind, and hold that time proceeds in two eternally recurring cycles of immense duration, defying all human calculation—the “ascending” cycle, in which the age and stature of men increase, and the “descending” cycle, in which they decrease. Their moral code agrees with that of the Buddhists, and consists of five prohibitions against killing, lying, stealing, adultery, and worldly-mindedness, and of five duties, viz.: mercy to animated beings, almsgiving, veneration for the sages while living and the worship of their images when deceased, confession of faults, and religious fasting. The Jains are found in various parts of India, but especially on the west coast, and are remarkable for their wealth and inflnence.
    • Jain Of or pertaining to the Jains or to their creed.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Jain jān an adherent of Jain′ism, or a member of a heterodox Hindu sect, allied to ancient Buddhism: a style of architecture developed about 450 A.D., with pseudo-arch and dome, built in horizontal courses and of pointed section.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Skr. Jaina, fr. Jina, a proper name, fr. jina, victorious
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Hind. jina, a deified saint.

Usage

In literature:

I do not know how far the charge of unmanliness can be made good against the Jains.
"Third class in Indian railways" by Mahatma Gandhi
The Hindu, Mohammedan, and Jain seemed to have things very much to themselves.
"A Tour of the Missions" by Augustus Hopkins Strong
This Jain was going to London to become a barrister.
"India and the Indians" by Edward F. Elwin
A Jain Baniya drinks dirty water and shrinks from killing ants and flies, but will not stick at murder in pursuit of gain.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
Lunched near the Jain Temple, which contains most curious carvings.
"The Last Voyage" by Lady (Annie Allnutt) Brassey
The Lat Masjid, or Pillar Mosque, was built by Dilawar Khan in 1405 out of the remains of Jain temples.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 3" by Various
It is the sectarian mark of the Jains, and the distinctive badge of the sect of Xaca Japonicus.
"Bible Myths and their Parallels in other Religions" by T. W. Doane
He wrecked everything except only the palace of Pudmini and the old Jain tower before mentioned.
"From Sea to Sea" by Rudyard Kipling
They are either Vaishnavite Hindus or else Jains.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 6" by Various
There I shall meet one of the pure faith in a Jain temple of that city.
"Kim" by Rudyard Kipling
The Jain Pagodas were thereupon, it is said, destroyed by the Jangamas.
"Phallic Miscellanies" by Hargrave Jennings
This reckoning figures largely in the Jain books, which put forward dates in it for very early times.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 13, Slice 4" by Various
Parasnath hill is annually visited by large numbers of Jain worshippers.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 13, Slice 1" by Various
More than two-fifths of the Jains in India are found in Bombay and its native states, including Baroda.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 4" by Various
The Jains all over India burn sticks of incense before their Jina.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 3" by Various
Very different is the doctrine of Buddhists and Jains.
"The Contemporary Review, Volume 36, December 1879" by Various
The temples consist of three groups: Saiva, Vaishnav and Jain, almost all built in the 10th and 11th centuries.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 7" by Various
Contains many Jain temples and has fine collection of Jain MSS.
"A Literary and Historical Atlas of Asia" by J. G. Bartholomew
The Jains themselves have now printed in Bombay a complete edition of their sacred books.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 2" by Various
It may be noticed also that some of the Kalars are Jains, a religion to which scarcely any others except Banias adhere.
"The Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India" by R. V. Russell
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In poetry:

Yes, the jain and the jat in his stucco-fronted hut,
And the bounding bazugar,
By the favour of the King, are as fat as anything,
They are — they are — they are!
"The Masque of Plenty" by Rudyard Kipling

In news:

When the agency finally did surface in 2003, it was in Jain 's defense.
The case in which the SEC weighed in on Jain 's behalf involved "short-swing" trading.
Jain 's spot to stay while in the states.
Deutsche Bank CEO Anshu Jain has played a central role in building the bank's investment banking business over the years, the arm that accounts for the lion's share of Deutsche's profits.
He is survived by his sister Jain Leddy Gunsauls, his brother-in-law Jay Gunsauls and his sister-in-law Nicole Leddy .
After a decade of serving the Hindu and Jain communities in the greater Louisville area, it's time for a fresh start for The Hindu Temple of Kentucky.
DB's ANSHU JAIN` SIGNIFICANT ' BANKING CONSOLIDATION.
In February, 4 On Your Side reported on Dr Pawan Kumar Jain, a Las Cruces neurologist who wrote more prescriptions in a year than the entire University of New Mexico medical school.
Serial tech entrepreneur Naveen Jain, co-founder of Intelius, Moon Express and InfoSpace.
Shaneel Jain of Cumberland was sentenced Thursday in Hartford federal court.
DB's ANSHU JAIN`SIGNIFICANT' BANKING CONSOLIDATION .
Deutsche Bank's Jain Sees 'Significant' Bank Consolidation .
This is a picture of Yudh Jain (L) was killed in the Sept 11 WTC attack, and his daughter, Cheena.
Vivek Jain, senior vice president of manufacturing operations for Maxim Integrated Products, talks about the company's decision to expand its plants.
When Ankur Jain entered Wharton's undergraduate business program at the University of Pennsylvania in 2007, he immediately wanted to start a business.
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In science:

Jain and J. J. de Pablo, A biased Monte Carlo technique for calculation of the density of states of polymer films, J.
An Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation of Statistical physics Problem
The Wavefunction approach has been very successfully applied to study SLQH at Jain’s series at ν = p 2sp±1 .
Mutual Composite Fermion and composite Boson approaches to balanced and imbalanced bilayer quantum Hall system: an electronic analogy of the Helium 4 system
CFFT has been used to study the CF Fermi liquid at ν = 1/2 which is at the end point of Jain’s series in the limit p → ∞.
Mutual Composite Fermion and composite Boson approaches to balanced and imbalanced bilayer quantum Hall system: an electronic analogy of the Helium 4 system
It can not be used in any simple way to study p > 1 Jain series and ν = 1/2 CF Fermi liquid.
Mutual Composite Fermion and composite Boson approaches to balanced and imbalanced bilayer quantum Hall system: an electronic analogy of the Helium 4 system
Silverstein; and a rejoinder by the author. Baxter, J. R., and Jain, N. C.
Asymptotic results for empirical measures of weighted sums of independent random variables
Nabamita Banerjee,∗ Ra jeev Kumar Jain,† and Dileep P.
Non-Gravitating Scalar Field in the FRW Background
Jain, and C-I Tan, Symmetry breaking in the double-well hermitian matrix models, Nucl.
Lectures on random matrix models. The Riemann-Hilbert approach
Jain, and C.-I Tan, Multiband structure and critical behavior of matrix models, Phys.
Lectures on random matrix models. The Riemann-Hilbert approach
Jain, “Low complexity algebrai c network codes,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT 2003), (Yokohama, Japan), June 2003. P.
The Case for Structured Random Codes in Network Capacity Theorems
We thank Ravi Sheth and Bhuvnesh Jain for access to their Opteron cluster.
The cosmology dependence of weak lensing cluster counts
Jain, “Zero crossings, bandwidth c ompression, and restoration of nonlinearly distorted band-limited signals,” Journal of Opt.
A Unified Approach to Sparse Signal Processing
We start with Jain’s Composite Fermion (CF) picture, in which electrons are bound to 2s units of statistical flux to form CF’s.
Hamiltonian Theory of Disorder at 1/3
In Takada & Bridle (2007); Takada & Jain (2009) it was shown that the multipole bin width ∆l does not signi ficantly affect the likelihood values and the parameter estimation as long as the multipole binning is not too coarse and the weak lensing power spectrum does not show sharp variations within each bin.
Cosmic shear statistics in cosmologies with non-Gaussian initial conditions
This kind of procedure is correct as long as we can neglect the non-Gaussian part of the covariance matrix (see Takada & Bridle 2007; Takada & Jain 2009 for details).
Cosmic shear statistics in cosmologies with non-Gaussian initial conditions
From the first detections of cosmic shear a decade ago (Wittman et al. 2000; Bacon, Refregier & Ellis, 2000; Kaiser, Wilson, & Luppino, 2000; Van Waerbeke et al. 2000), surveys have grown in size and thus information content (see Hoekstra & Jain 2008 for a recent review).
The effects of charge transfer inefficiency (CTI) on galaxy shape measurements
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