Jacobin

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Jacobin a member of the radical movement that instituted the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Jacobin (Eccl. Hist) A Dominican friar; -- so named because, before the French Revolution, that order had a convent in the Rue St. Jacques Paris.
    • Jacobin (Zoöl) A fancy pigeon, in which the feathers of the neck form a hood, -- whence the name. The wings and tail are long, and the beak moderately short.
    • Jacobin One of a society of violent agitators in France, during the revolution of 1789, who held secret meetings in the Jacobin convent in the Rue St. Jacques Paris, and concerted measures to control the proceedings of the National Assembly. Hence: A plotter against an existing government; a turbulent demagogue.
    • a Jacobin Same as Jacobinic.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Jacobin In France, a black or Dominican friar: so called from the church of St. Jacques (Jacobus), in which they were first established in Paris. See Dominican.
    • n Jacobin A member of a club or society of French revolutionists organized in 1789 under the name of Society of Friends of the Constitution, and called Jacobins from the Jacobin convent in Paris in which they met. The club originally included many of the moderate leaders of the revolution, but the more violent members speedily gained the control. It had branches in all parts of France, and was all-powerful in determining the course of government, especially after Robespierre became its leader, supporting him in the measures which led to the reign of terror. Many of its members were executed with Robespierre in July, 1794, and the club was suppressed in November.
    • n Jacobin Hence A violently radical politician; one who favors extreme measures in behalf of popular government; a radical democrat: formerly much used, often inappropriately, as a term of reproach in English and American polities.
    • n Jacobin [lowercase] An artificial variety of tho domestic pigeon, whose neck-feathers form a hood.
    • n Jacobin [I. c.] In ornithology, a humming-bird of the genus Heliothrix, as H. auritus.
    • Jacobin Same as Jacobinic.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Jacobin jak′o-bin a French Dominican monk, so named from their original establishment being that of St Jacques, Paris: one of a society of revolutionists in France, so called from their meeting in the hall of the Jacobin convent: a demagogue: a hooded pigeon
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. See 2d Jack Jacobite
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. Jacobus, James—Gr. Jacobos—Heb. Ya‛aqōb.

Usage

In literature:

At Paris he was received in the Jacobin club and entered into relations with J. P. Brissot and the Rolands.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 3" by Various
The Jacobin array stood unbroken.
"Lectures on the French Revolution" by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
The end came when Lafayette defied the Jacobin party, and they in turn declared him a traitor and put a price on his head.
"Lafayette" by Martha Foote Crow
No trace of Jacobinism is to be met with in Kosciuszko's government.
"Kosciuszko" by Monica Mary Gardner
Royalist or Girondist, Jacobin or Imperialist, he was always a Trissotin.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
The triumph of the Jacobins was ruin.
"Madame Roland, Makers of History" by John S. C. Abbott
The Jacobins were the most prominent, and the most radical.
"Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 6 of 8" by Various
You will see thereby that the Jacobin principles are propagated with zeal in every quarter.
"The Best of the World's Classics, Restricted to Prose, Vol. IX (of X) - America - I" by Various
Crepeneau's mind, a Jacobin was capable of any thing.
"The International Monthly, Volume 3, No. 2, May, 1851" by Various
These Jacobins shall not prevent me.
"The Strollers" by Frederic S. Isham
These few accepted Paine as their leader, and renounced all connection with the Jacobin Club.
"Ancient and Modern Celebrated Freethinkers" by Charles Bradlaugh, A. Collins, and J. Watts
Then came strife amongst the Jacobins themselves.
"Vigée Le Brun" by Haldane MacFall
Mr. Helstone denounced Moore as a Jacobin, ceased to see him, would not even speak to him when they met.
"Shirley" by Charlotte Brontë
You will deem me a wild Jacobin, Mr. Lindsay; but persecution has the effect of making a man extreme in these matters.
"Wilson's Tales of the Borders and of Scotland, Volume 2" by Alexander Leighton
Such has been the lesson of the world war, in which the jacobins of the west have often proved the worst enemies of liberty.
"The Forerunners" by Romain Rolland
The most distinguished members of the Jacobin school, from the literary point of view, were Thomas Paine and William Godwin.
"A History of Nineteenth Century Literature (1780-1895)" by George Saintsbury
I may add that the pigeon is of the kind called "Jacobin," and is white, with a black wing.
"Dog Stories from the "Spectator"" by Various
However, the next day the Jacobins none the less proceeded to arrest Mme.
"The Memoirs of Madame Vigée Lebrun" by Marie Louise Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun
They are, as Camille Desmoulins has said, Jacobins of the Jacobins.
"Marie Antoinette and the Downfall of Royalty" by Imbert de Saint-Amand
Behind the Jacobins are the gigantic heroes of 1793 and their caricatures of 1848.
"Essays on the Materialistic Conception of History" by Antonio Labriola
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In news:

The Tea Party Jacobins from the May 27, 2010 issue.
Of artists, stockbrokers, and other Jacobins.
The revolution that many commentators predicted when President Bush appointed two ultra-right-wing Supreme Court justices is proceeding with breathtaking impatience, and it is a revolution Jacobin in its disdain for tradition and precedent.
2009 Louis Jadot 'Couvent des Jacobins' Pinot Noir.
The 2009 Louis Jadot 'Couvent des Jacobins' Pinot Noir is a lovely expression of Pinot Noir from the respected house of Louis Jadot.
2009 Louis Jadot 'Couvent des Jacobins' Pinot Noir .
It's as if Beatty yearned to be a jiving Jacobin version of Sidney Carton in A Tale of Two L.A.'s.
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