J

Definitions

  • A begging dog forms a letter J
    A begging dog forms a letter J
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n J the 10th letter of the Roman alphabet
    • n j the 10th letter of the Roman alphabet
    • n J a unit of electrical energy equal to the work done when a current of one ampere passes through a resistance of one ohm for one second
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: O.J. Simpson had a severe case of rickets and wore leg braces when he was a child
    • J J is the tenth letter of the English alphabet. It is a later variant form of the Roman letter I, used to express a consonantal sound, that is, originally, the sound of English y in yet. The forms J and I have, until a recent time, been classed together, and they have been used interchangeably.In medical prescriptions j is still used in place of i at the end of a number, as a Roman numeral; as, vj, xij. J is etymologically most closely related to i y g; as in jot, iota; jest, gesture; join, jugular, yoke. See I. J is a compound vocal consonant, nearly equivalent in sound to dzh. It is exactly the same as g in gem. See Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 179, 211, 239.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The first African-American to receive a Nobel Peace Prize was Ralph J. Bunche in 1950
    • j An abbreviation
    • j of the Latin judex, judge;
    • j of Jupiter;
    • j of Justice.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: For the blockbuster movie "The Terminator," O.J. Simpson was considered to play the role of the Terminator, but producers did not choose him as they thought he would not be taken seriously
    • J the tenth letter in our alphabet, developed from I, the initial form j being specialised to denote the consonantal sound, the medial i being retained for the vowel-sound—not universal in English books before the middle of the 17th century. As a numeral, a variant of I, used in medical prescriptions, as vj, six: representing the mechanical equivalent of heat—from Joule.
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Quotations

  • Fats Domino
    Fats Domino
    “A lot of fellows nowadays have a B. A., M. D., or Ph. D. Unfortunately, they don't have a J. O. B.”

Usage

In literature:

Vers une riviere m'adresce Que j'oi pres d'ilecques bruire.
"A Short History of French Literature" by George Saintsbury
Sam Beaver, Charles Neefe and S. A. Ferris; privates J. Neefe and J. L. Bennett started home on a thirty day furlough.
"An Artilleryman's Diary" by Jenkin Lloyd Jones
By J. Bonomi, F.R.S.L.
"The Dramatic Works of G. E. Lessing" by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
J. P. D. SIR J. FREDERICK DICKSON, K.C.M.G.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Appendix" by Various
BOGERT, C. M., and OLIVER, J.
"The Amphibians and Reptiles of Michoacán, México" by William E. Duellman
By J.J. STEVENSON, Fellow of the Royal Institution of British Architects.
"Dante. An essay." by R. W. Church
Paris, J. Boudot, 1696, pp.
"Clever Hans" by Oskar Pfungst
In the same year, too, he was chosen perpetual secretary of the Academy of Sciences, in room of J.B.J.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 3" by Various
The same year a team of Irish athletes, among them W.J.M.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 8" by Various
J. J. D. Paul (Mayor of Norwich), Eaton Grove, Norwich.
"Norfolk Annals A Chronological Record of Remarkable Events in the Nineteeth Century, Vol. 1" by Charles Mackie
J, brass sleeve in H allowing rotation of E. L, thermojunction in luciferase solution.
"The Nature of Animal Light" by E. Newton Harvey
Published Nov. 4, 1807, by J. T.
"What Gunpowder Plot Was" by Samuel Rawson Gardiner
Edited by W. J. CRAIG.
"Evolution" by Frank B. Jevons
The critical edition by J. Wordsworth (bishop of Salisbury) and H.J.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 7" by Various
Two modern works of the highest value are: J.K.J.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 8" by Various
W. E. (129) Hammond, J. J.
"Jane's All the World's Aircraft" by Various
J. G. and Towner Smith conducted the first regular store.
"Collection of Nebraska Pioneer Reminiscences" by Nebraska Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution
R. J. McGeorge, then of Streetsville, since of Scotland; the late Hon.
"Reminiscences of a Canadian Pioneer for the last Fifty Years" by Samuel Thompson
By J. J. REYNOLDS, L.R.C.P., M.R.C.S.
"Schweigger on Squint" by C. Schweigger
J. J. MITCHELL, Merchant, enlisted October 12th, 1865.
"History of the Dewitt guard, company A, 50th regiment National guard, state of New York" by Unknown
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In poetry:

Dequoy te plains tu malheureux berger?
Que n'ay je point fait pour te soulager!
J'ay quitte la plaine, mon troupeau, mon chien,
Prend on tat de peine quand on n'aime rien.
"Chanson. - And Imitation" by Matthew Prior
Her hair was so golden, her eyes were so blue,
Her face was so fair and her words seemed so true—
So green in the ways of sweet women was he
That she jolted the heart of O’Hara, J P.
"O'Hara, J.P." by Henry Lawson
Mr A.J.Stewart was very kind to me,
And tried all he could to make me happy;
And several songs were sung by gentlemen there—
It was the most social gathering I've been in, I do declare.
"The Heatherblend Club Banquet" by William Topaz McGonagall
J--When on the foolish hearth fresh wood I place,
It whistles, sings, and squeaks, before my face;
And if it does unless the fire burns bright,
And if it does, yet squeaks, how can I write?
"Eclogue:Composed at Cannes, December 9th, 1867" by Edward Lear
Beneath the tree's umbrageous limb
A hungry fox sat smiling;
He saw the raven watching him,
And spoke in words beguiling:
"J'admire," said he, "ton beau plumage!"
(The which was simply persiflage.)
"The Sycophantic Fox And The Gullible Raven" by Guy Wetmore Carryl
J--Pain from a pane in one cracked window comes,
Which sings and whistles, buzzes, shrieks and hums;
In vain amain with pain the pane with this chord
I fain would strain to stop the beastly dischord!
"Eclogue:Composed at Cannes, December 9th, 1867" by Edward Lear

In news:

Aristide Economopoulos/The Star-Ledger J.J. Putz played catch Friday in Port St Lucie, Fla. For the first time since undergoing elbow surgery in June.
LAS VEGAS — The Seattle Mariners will execute a three-team, 12-player trade sending closer J.J.
It wouldn't be the 2008 Winter Meetings if there wasn't still more talk about J.J.
Gizmodo reports R2-D2 does indeed make a cameo in J.J. Abrams' "Star Trek," with ILM confirmation to crystallize the coolness.
Ewy, MD, Michael J Kellum, MD, & Bentley J Bobrow, MD.
The J Paul Getty Museum and Its Collections: A Museum for the New Century by John Walsh, by Deborah Gribbon J. Paul Getty Museum, 288 pp.
Rolaids Softchews recalled by J&J's McNeil.
The engagement and upcoming marriage of Aeriole J Sayers and Steven J Conner are being announced by the bride-elect's parents, Rodney and Carol Sayers of Champion.
Lovitz, J&J have fun with seriousness of psoriasis.
J & J adds Slush Puppie to its portfolio.
Analyst proposes J&J split-up .
Zachary Quinto, who stars as Spock in the J.J. Abrams reboot-verse, said he might be done with the character and the 'Star Trek' universe.
BALTIMORE — You could sense the pixie dust had maybe reached its expiration date in the bottom of the eighth, when J.J. Hardy led off lacing a line drive into the right-field corner and cruised.
Previously spent nine years at St Joseph of Metuchen, N.J. And five at Ridge of Basking Ridge, N.J.).
Miguel Cairo stood in against J.J. Putz during a simulated game Saturday afternoon and had his bat shattered.
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In science:

There are 1-morphisms J : B → A and J : A → B such that Q = J J . 6. J and J are mutual two-sided duals, i.e. there are 2-morphisms eJ : 1A → J J , εJ : 1B → J J, dJ : J J → 1B, ηJ : J J → 1A satisfying the usual equations.
From Subfactors to Categories and Topology II. The quantum double of tensor categories and subfactors
Let e : J (X ⊠ Y op )J → J (Z ⊠ 1)J , f : J (Z ⊠ 1)J → J (X ⊠ Y op )J be a pair of mutually inverse isomorphisms.
From Subfactors to Categories and Topology II. The quantum double of tensor categories and subfactors
R∆Σ E (J (~σ))dn−2σ R∆Σ J (~σ)dn−2σ = R∆Σ (E (J (~σ) + ∆J (~σ)) − E (J (~σ)))dn−2σ R∆Σ ∆J (~σ)dn−2σ where we have used a special type of infinitesimal deformation of J such that ˜J = J + ∆J = 0 on ∆Σ with E ( ˜J = 0) = 0, and δ/δJ (~σ) represents the functional derivative with respect to J (~σ).
Generalized Matrix Mechanics
For j = A, G, define j,n = k) = P (X ϕ Φj,s = {ϕ ∈ Φ : P (X ϕ j,n = −k) for any n ∈ Z+ and k ∈ Z} Φj,0 = nϕ ∈ Φ : E (X ϕ j,n) = 0 for any n ∈ Z+o Φj,⊥ = nϕ = t [α, β ] ∈ Φ : |α| = |β |, Θj = 0o and Z (resp. Z+ ) is the set of (resp. non-negative) integers.
Limit theorems and absorption problems for quantum random walks in one dimension
Long range ferromagnetic Ising model: It is similarly defined but the coupling J (i, j ) is non null for any pair {i, j} and has a power law decay: there exists α > 1 and J ≥ 0 such that J (i, j ) = J.|i − j |−α .
Random walks on FKG-horizontally oriented lattices
Since χj (a) = g j χ′ (a)g−j , we have Pχj = g j Pχ′ g−j = g j Qg−j = Q.
Character sheaves on disconnected groups, II
A(j, s), 1 ≤ j ≤ k1 , Bj ′ = and Bj ′ such that µ(A(j, s)) ≤ ε, µ(B (j ′ , t)) ≤ ε, for all 1 ≤ j ≤ k1 , 1 ≤ j ′ ≤ k2 , 1 ≤ s ≤ u(j ), 1 ≤ t ≤ v(j ′ ), and beside this either A(j, s) = B (j ′ , t) or A(j, s) T B (j ′ , t) =
An estimate about multiple stochastic integrals with respect to a normalized empirical measure
Then the graph of π is obtained by plotting the points (j, π ′ (j )) for each j ∈ [0, n], and for each j ∈ [0, n − 1] connecting the point (j, π ′ (j )) to (j + 1, π ′ (j + 1)) by a straight line segment.
A Hodge decomposition for the complex of injective words
But these coefficients are = 0, since for k < j we have sign(k , J ) = − sign(k , {1} ∪ J − {j }) and sign(j, J ) = sign(j, {1} ∪ J − {k}).
Looking out for stable syzygy bundles
The pair interaction among spins is given by a Kac potential of the form Jγ (i− j ) ≡ γ J (γ (i− j )), γ > 0, on which one requires, for r ∈ IR: (i) J (r) ≥ 0 (ferromagnetism); (ii) J (r) = J (−r) (symmetry); (iii) J (r) ≤ ce−c′ |r | for c, c′ positive constants (exponential decay); (iv) R J (r)dr = 1 (normalization).
One-dimensional random field Kac's model: localization of the phases
Although equation (29) holds for every J ′ and J , the most important case is J ′ + |J | < J : as we shall see in section 7, only conditional moments E (Gv | X = ℓ), v ∈ V [J ′ ], ℓ ∈ L[J ] , with J ′ + |J | ≤ J may be identified from data.
Grade of Membership Analysis: One Possible Approach to Foundations
Let P = {p(i, j )}i,j∈Zd be a symmetric stochastic matrix which satisfies p(i, j ) = p(0, j −i) =: p(j −i) = p(i−j ) (homogeneity) and p(j ) = 0 for all |j | > v for some v (finiteness).
Repulsion of an evolving surface on walls with random heights
A′ (J, x) = ∂xA(J, x) = 1 2 [tanh(β J + β x) + tanh(β J − β x)] and B ′ (J, x) = ∂xB (J, x) = 1 2 [tanh(β J + β x) − tanh(β J − β x)], respectively.
Diagonalization of replicated transfer matrices for disordered Ising spin systems
Pattern functions can then be calculated as fk, j (x) = 2xy j (x)fk (x) − p2( j + 1)y j+1 (x)fk (x) − p2(k + 1)y j (x)fk+1 (x), for all j ≥ k, otherwise fk, j (x) = f j ,k (x) and then Fk, j (x, q) = fk, j (x)ei(k− j)q .
An invitation to quantum tomography (II)
We can’t have (i, j ) = (i′′ , j ′′ ) or (i′ , j ′ ) = (i′′′ , j ′′′ ) because of the relations ψX (i, j )+1 = ψX (i′ , j ′ ) and ψX (i′′ , j ′′ )+1 = ψX (i′′′ , j ′′′ ).
A Hopf algebra quantizing a necklace Lie algebra canonically associated to a quiver
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