Isoprene

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Isoprene (Chem) An oily, volatile unsaturated hydrocarbon (C5H8), obtained by the distillation of caoutchouc or gutta-percha, and used to make synthetic rubber by polymerization. In organic chemistry, it is viewed conceptually as the building block of the terpene series of hydrocarbons.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n isoprene A hydrocarbon (C5-H8), one of the hemiterpenes, produced in the destructive distillation of india-rubber or gutta-percha, and also obtainable from oil of turpentine. It is a colorless, highly volatile liquid, which as special interest from the fact that it is converted into india-rubber by prolonged contact at ordinary temperature with strong hydrochloric acid or nitrosyl chlorid. Sadtler, Handbook of Indust. Chem., p. 99.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Etymol. uncertain

Usage

In literature:

The difficulty lay rather in the cost of the raw material, isoprene.
"Creative Chemistry" by Edwin E. Slosson
Isoprene is a very volatile liquid, boiling at a temperature of about 30 degrees Fahrenheit.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 1157, March 5, 1898" by Various
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In news:

Butyl rubber is a copolymer of isobutylene and isoprene.
Ground-level ozone concentrations, calculated using the new isoprene emissions, are then closer to observed concentrations, going some way to resolve a long-standing deficiency in computer simulation of ground-level ozone.
Advanced Process Control Lets a Refinery's Staff Optimize Their Isoprene Unit's Distillation Process, Balance Operating Parameters, Save Energy and Reduce Product Loss.
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In science:

Properties of poly(isoprene): Model building in the melt and in solution.
Biological and synthetic membranes: What can be learned from a coarse-grained description?
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