- n Irvingia wild mango
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n irvingia A small genus of dicotyledonous plants, of the natural order Simarubeæ. It is characterized by having the calyx 4- or 5-parted, the petals 4 or 6 in number, the stamens 10, and the ovary 2-celled. They are trees with curious annulated branches, alternate simple and entire leaves, and axillary or terminal panicles of small, yellow, odorous flowers. Three species, natives of tropical western Africa, are known. I. Barteri, a tree 40 feet high, is the wild mango, dika-bread, or bread-tree of western Africa. The seeds are the part eaten, and also contain an oil or fat similar to cocoa-butter, which is used by the natives in cooking.