Ipecacuanha

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Ipecacuanha (Med. & Bot) The root of a Brazilian rubiaceous herb (Cephaëlis Ipecacuanha), largely employed as an emetic; also, the plant itself; also, a medicinal extract of the root. Many other plants are used as a substitutes; among them are the black or Peruvian ipecac (Psychotria emetica), the white ipecac (Ionidium Ipecacuanha), the bastard or wild ipecac (Asclepias Curassavica), and the undulated ipecac (Richardsonia scabra).
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n ipecacuanha The dried root of Cephaëlis Ipecacuanha, a small shrubby plant, a native of Brazil, the United States of Colombia, and other parts of South America. There are three varieties, the brown, red, and gray, all products of the same plant, and their differences are due to little more than age, place of growth, or mode of drying. The root is hard, and breaks short and granular (not fibrous), exhibiting a resinous, waxy, or farinaceous interior, white or grayish. It is emetic, purgative, and diaphoretic, and is much used in medicine, in large doses (1.5 grams) as an emetic, in smaller doses as a depressant and nauseant, in still smaller doses as a diaphoretic, and in the smallest as a stimulant to the stomach to check vomiting and produce appetite. Its physiological effects seem to depend on the presence of the alkaloid emetin. The root of Cephaëlis Ipecacuanha is the only thing recognized as ipecac by the British or the United States Pharmacopœia, but the name has been applied to various other plants with emetic properties, as to the root of Psychotria emetica, also called Peruvian, striated, or black ipecacuanha, said to contain emetin; also to the roots of various species of Richardsonia, called white, amylaceous, or undulated ipecacuanha. The name American ipecacuanha or ipecacuanha spurge is given to Euphorbia Ipecacuanhæ. Gillenia is also called American ipecac. See cut under Cephaëlis.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Ipecacuanha ip-e-kak-ū-an′a the name both of a very valuable medicine and of the plant whose root produces it—used as an emetic.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Pg. ipecacuanha,cf. Sp. ipecacuana,); fr. Braz. ipe-kaa-guena, prop., a creeping plant that causes vomiting
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Brazilian, 'smaller roadside sick-making plant.'

Usage

In literature:

I counted on the "Ipecacuanha" returning as the year wore on; but she never came.
"The Island of Doctor Moreau" by H. G. Wells
The ipecacuanha is a pretty, delicate plant, which bears a bright orange-colored cluster of flowers.
"Eight Years' Wandering in Ceylon" by Samuel White Baker
The doctor came, and finding the boy labored in breathing, administered a full dose of ipecacuanha.
"A Terrible Temptation" by Charles Reade
Get the medicine chest and bring me the bottle of ipecacuanha.
"By Sheer Pluck" by G. A. Henty
Mix one drachm of compound powder of ipecacuanha with one scruple of gum ammoniacum and one of dried squill bulb in powder.
"Enquire Within Upon Everything" by Anonymous
This ipecacuanha is a most disagreeable medicine.
"Clarissa, Volume 5 (of 9)" by Samuel Richardson
Tell me, doctor, how much ipecacuanha will make a kitten sick?
"Poor Jack" by Frederick Marryat
Sulphate of zinc, salt-and-water, ipecacuanha, and mustard, are all useful as emetics.
"Aids to Forensic Medicine and Toxicology" by W. G. Aitchison Robertson
Tell me, doctor, how much ipecacuanha will make a kitten sick?
"Poor Jack" by Frederick Marryat
This cruel woman watched to see the sable faces turned to a deathly yellow; ipecacuanha was a successful rack and torture.
"Hubert's Wife" by Minnie Mary Lee
Among other things she had obtained a box of ipecacuanha lozenges for his cough.
"The Peasant and the Prince" by Harriet Martineau
For the periodical craving Dr. Higginbotham, of England, recommends that a half drachm of ipecacuanha be taken so as to produce full vomiting.
"Alcohol: A Dangerous and Unnecessary Medicine, How and Why" by Martha M. Allen
One ounce of wine of ipecacuanha, or about ten grains of the powder, should be given as an emetic.
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
Two days after, gave ten grains Compound Powder of Ipecacuanha.
"The Dog" by Dinks, Mayhew, and Hutchinson
In return Europe owes to Peru maize, potatoes, chocolate, tobacco, cassava, ipecacuanha, and quinine.
"The South American Republics, Part II (of 2)" by Thomas C. Dawson
In other Cases I have made Use of Ipecacuanha, as directed No.
"Advice to the people in general, with regard to their health" by Samuel Auguste David Tissot
If this should fail, ipecacuanha may be added.
"A System of Practical Medicine by American Authors, Vol. I" by Various
His grandfather introduced the use of ipecacuanha; his father was first physician to Queen Marie Leczinska of France.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 13, Slice 3" by Various
Ipecacuanha, although in common use in Brazil, was not employed in Europe previous to 1672.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 6" by Various
Aunt has been quite ill, shut up, and the Apothecary busy, all over pocket handkerchiefs and Ipecacuanha.
"Miss Eden's Letters" by Emily Eden
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