Infusoria

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Infusoria in some recent classifications, coextensive with the Ciliata: minute organisms found in decomposing infusions of organic matter
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n. pl Infusoria (Zoöl) One of the classes of Protozoa, including a large number of species, all of minute size. Formerly, the term was applied to any microbe found in infusions of decaying organic material, but the term is now applied more specifically to one of the classes of the phylum Ciliophora, of ciliated protozoans.☞ (From 1913 dictionary): They are found in all seas, lakes, ponds, and streams, as well as in infusions of organic matter exposed to the air. They are distinguished by having vibrating lashes or cilia, with which they obtain their food and swim about. They are devided into the orders Flagellata Ciliata, and Tentaculifera. See these words in the Vocabulary. Formely the term Infusoria was applied to all microscopic organisms found in water, including many minute plants, belonging to the diatoms, as well as minute animals belonging to various classes, as the Rotifera, which are worms; and the Rhizopoda, which constitute a distinct class of Protozoa. Fossil Infusoria are mostly the siliceous shells of diatoms; sometimes they are siliceous skeletons of Radiolaria, or the calcareous shells of Foraminifera.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • infusoria A name given by Otho Fr. Müller to an indiscriminate assemblage of minute, and for the most part microscopic, animal and vegetable organisms frequently developed in infusions of decaying organic substances. The Infusoria in this sense comprehended various desmids, diatoms, and other low plants, with many protozoan animalcules, and also rotifers or wheel-animalcules. Some of these organisms were known to Linnæus, and thrown by him into a genus which he called Chaos, at the end of his class Vermes. Lamarck, Gmelin, and others followed Müller in his understanding of Infusoria. Cuvier made Infusoria the fifth class of Radiata, divided into two orders, Rotifera and Homogenea. See Microzoa, Polygastrica.
    • infusoria A class of minute, mostly microscopic, animalcules, provisionally regarded as the highest class of Protozoa. They are endoplastic, having a nucleus; there is a mouth and a rudimentary stomach or gastric cavity; there are vibratile cilia or flagella, but no proper pseudopodia. Most are aquatic and free-swimming, and some are internal parasites; but others form colonies by budding, and when adult are fixed to some solid object. The body consists of an outer transparent cuticle, a cortical layer of firm sarcode, and a central mass of soft or semi-liquid sarcode, which acts as a stomach, and in which vacuoles may appear. A nucleus, which is supposed to be an ovary, having attached to it a spherical particle, the nucleolus, supposed to be a spermatic gland, is embedded in the cortical substance. Contractions of the body are effected by sarcode fibers. Reproduction takes place variously. The cilia or flagella are not only organs of locomotion, but form currents by which food is carried into the mouth. The Infusoria have been variously subdivided. A current classification is by division of the class into four orders, based on the character of their cilia or flagella, namely, Ciliata, Flagellata, Choanoflagellata, and Suctoria or Tentaculifera. By S. Kent, the latest monographer, the Infusoria are called a “legion” or superclass of Protozoa, and include the sponges; and they are divided into three classes, Flagellata or Mastigophora, Ciliata or Trichophora, and Tentaculifera.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n.pl Infusoria in-fū-sō′ri-a a name given to several classes of active Protozoa, some of which appear in great numbers in stagnant infusions of animal or vegetable material
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
[NL.; -- so called because found in infusions which are left exposed to the air for a time. See Infuse
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.

Usage

In literature:

Atmospheric Dust with Infusoria.
"A Naturalist's Voyage Round the World" by Charles Darwin
A letter from an infusoria is of course in verse.
"The Possessed" by Fyodor Dostoevsky
The food consists of infusoria and is not obtained from the wood substance.
"The Mechanical Properties of Wood" by Samuel J. Record
He crushed through, and the infinite dust of infusoriae and diatomaceae choked his vision.
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Vol. XII, No. 28. July, 1873." by Various
On Dysteria, a new genus of Infusoria.
"Marine Protozoa from Woods Hole" by Gary N. Calkins
In the bed of this valley Overweg found some infusoria, clay or stone.
"Narrative of a Mission to Central Africa Performed in the Years 1850-51, Volume 2" by James Richardson
The expression is, the habitat of such infusoria is such or such a place.
"A Voyage round the World" by W.H.G. Kingston
With reference to their origin these organisms were called 'Infusoria.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
Paris is built of Infusoria.
"The Beauties of Nature" by Sir John Lubbock
But of such infusoria History (glorying only in offenders, criminals, and robbers on the largest scale) justly pays no heed.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
Infusoria with a short oral disc and collar, and a rigid stalk, often branching to form a colony.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 6" by Various
Plants and animals can be only metamorphoses of infusoria.
"The Religion of Geology and Its Connected Sciences" by Edward Hitchcock
This is also the case with some of the lower infusoria.
"Degeneracy" by Eugene S. Talbot
Now we know that bacteria are plants and infusoria are animals.
"The Pros and Cons of Vivisection" by Charles Richet
Hypotrichous infusoria, a group of protozoa, 41.
"The Biological Problem of To-day" by Oscar Hertwig
These invisibles, or infusoria, abound everywhere and in everything.
"Nature and Culture" by Harvey Rice
If he were really leaving London in a week (obedient to "Infusoria"), it would be interesting to go there once again.
"Second String" by Anthony Hope
Infusoria in chalk, 64.
"Omphalos" by Philip Henry Gosse
Associated with the Infusoria under the name of Corticata are the Gregarina and some other parasitic forms.
"Stories of the Universe: Animal Life" by B. Lindsay
At the expiration of a few days living infusoria were found in two instances out of four.
"The Catholic World. Volume III; Numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6." by E. Rameur
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