• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • v. t Incumber See Encumber.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Former President Cleveland defeated incumbent Benjamin Harrison in 1892, becoming the first (and, to date, only) chief executive to win non-consecutive terms to the White House.
    • incumber See encumber, encumberingly.
    • ***


  • Baruch (Benedict de) Spinoza
    “To give aid to every poor man is far beyond the reach and power of every man. Care of the poor is incumbent on society as a whole.”


In literature:

No provision is made for a continued discharge of the duties of marshal and district attorney by the present incumbents.
"A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents, Volume IX." by Benjamin Harrison
It becomes us, on whom the defence of our country will ere long devolve, this day, most seriously to reflect on the duties incumbent upon us.
"The Bay State Monthly, Volume I. No. VI. June, 1884" by Various
He had not asked a question, yet she felt that in some fashion he had made it incumbent upon her to speak in answer.
"The Lamp in the Desert" by Ethel M. Dell
This was the study of the Reverend Patrick Bronte, Incumbent of this Parish for fifty years.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great, Vol. 2 of 14" by Elbert Hubbard
In the silence of the daily press it seemed incumbent upon the more eager and professed friends of the South to take up the cudgels.
"Great Britain and the American Civil War" by Ephraim Douglass Adams
It is incumbent on advocates of the biological view to point out in detail the distinguishing inherent traits of the Orient.
"Evolution Of The Japanese, Social And Psychic" by Sidney L. Gulick
Until the incumbency by W.A.
"The Old Franciscan Missions Of California" by George Wharton James
Its incumbent had administrative charge of all the internal affairs of France.
"Brave Men and Women" by O.E. Fuller
He realised slowly that it was incumbent upon him to go over to her, but he postponed his departure very readily in order to play hockey.
"Mr. Britling Sees It Through" by H. G. Wells
It is incumbent that they do all in their power for their own and other people's good.
"Burroughs' Encyclopaedia of Astounding Facts and Useful Information, 1889" by Barkham Burroughs
For the first two years of his incumbency he had no assistant, carrying all the work of his department on his own shoulders.
"Edward MacDowell" by Lawrence Gilman
The incumbent of the local Presbyterian church, the Rev.
"The Lion and The Mouse" by Charles Klein
That was in my second year as incumbent, and before ever you knew these parts.
"News from the Duchy" by Sir Arthur Thomas Quiller-Couch
As your tutor I feel it incumbent upon me to correct your grammar.
"Adrift in New York" by Horatio Alger
Was it absolutely incumbent on him to refer again to the incidents of last night?
"Can You Forgive Her?" by Anthony Trollope
The power which these have to multiply by means of rootlets from the incumbent stems, which fasten into the soil.
"Clovers and How to Grow Them" by Thomas Shaw
Pray remember it, in favour of the present incumbent of the House.
"The Yotsuya Kwaidan or O'Iwa Inari" by James S. De Benneville
They will confer more power on the incumbents, for they will be largely connected with conquered provinces.
"Villa Elsa" by Stuart Henry
Four of the incumbents of the national executive chair were born in North Carolina.
"Hidden Treasures" by Harry A. Lewis
The last two were renominations of the incumbents under Monroe.
"John Quincy Adams" by John. T. Morse

In poetry:

On Scotland's wildest, loneliest ground,
The subject of my tale
Liv'd, where incumbent mountains frown'd
High o'er her peaceful vale.
"The Eagle" by William Hayley
The God awak'd; and thrice in vain
He strove to break the cruel Chain;
And thrice in vain He shook his Wing,
Incumber'd in the silken String.
"Love Disarmed" by Matthew Prior
O alas! that the righteous should die,
While sinners so greatly abound,
In the world that's to come we'll know why,
The latter incumber the ground.
"Roll Call" by David John Scott
Deign now, O Lord! thy servant to release,
And from this prison let me part in peace;
Yet, ere I'm from th' incumb'ring flesh set free,
Let my blest eyes thy great salvation see!
"A Short Prayer, For A Devout Person To Use At His Last Hour" by Rees Prichard
‘You are a very early inspector of mistresses.
‘Do you think I have adopted your habits?'
There were upon the bed no signs of a voluptuous encounter,
No signs of a second incumbent.
"Homage To Sextus Propertius - X" by Ezra Pound
Then the shores of Egypt trembled with the din of the war,
While sheets of flame rent the thick clouds afar;
And the contending fleets hung incumbent o'er the bay,
Whilst our British tars stuck to their guns without the least dismay.
"The Battle Of The Nile" by William Topaz McGonagall

In news:

Former teacher Jim Smith and incumbents Lisa DeForest and Marilyn Forst have won three seats on the Hemet Unified School District board.
The first thing that's odd about Cynthia Neff's candidacy against four-term incumbent Rob Bell.
Riot police stand guard next to a campaign poster for incumbent President Abdoulaye Wade during antigovernment protests in Senegal's capital Dakar, Wednesday.
For incumbents seeking reelection, maybe.
"Senate," "senator" and "representative" make only rare cameos in TV ads for incumbents seeking reelection.
Socialist Francois Hollande won France's presidential election Sunday, defeating conservative incumbent Nicolas Sarkozy (AP).
Incumbent Sen Blanche Lincoln, D-Ark.
Some big-city incumbents are also up for re-election on November 3rd.
Incumbent Sheriff John Whetsel says he will continue successful track record of reducing crime and traffic accidents in unincorporated Oklahoma County.
Seven-term incumbent US Rep John Tierney, a Democrat, is in a fierce fight to hang on to his seat in Massachusetts' 6th Congressional District.
Incumbent unseated by opponent whose campaign emphasized his role in the Morton case.
With a decisive 10-point spread, William­son County Attorney Jana Duty pulled off an upset in the Republican primary to unseat current incumbent WilCo District Attorney John Bradley, who was seeking another term.
In the race for Seat 3 on the Lehigh Acres Fire Control and Rescue District board between incumbent Larry Becker and Ronald Krome, Becker remains the victor.
The six counties in the Southwest Arkansas Four States area succeeded in almost voting themselves out of the power structure of the next Arkansas General Assembly on Nov 6 by defeating an incumbent s.
Typically, an election with an incumbent president on the ballot is a referendum on him.

In science:

Michael Ben-Or is the incumbent of the Jean and Helena Alfassa Chair in Computer Science, and he was supported in part by the Israeli Science Foundation (ISF) research grant.
Simple Gradecast Based Algorithms
Danny Dolev is Incumbent of the Berthold Badler Chair in Computer Science.
Simple Gradecast Based Algorithms
CRs have the potential to utilize the unused spectrum in an intelligent way while not interfering with other incumbent devices , . A cognitive radio has to manage a dynamic interaction profile in a multi-agent environment.
Game Theoretical Modelling for Dynamic Spectrum Access in TV Whitespace