Icarian

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • a Icarian Soaring too high for safety, like Icarus; adventurous in flight.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • icarian Pertaining or relating to Icarus, the son of Dædalus, who, to escape the wrath of Minos, is fabled in Greek legend to have fled from Crete with his father on wings fastened on with wax. In defiance of his father's warning, he flew too high; the sun melted the wax, and he fell into the Ægean sea, between the Cyclades and Caria, hence known as the Icarian sea; hence applied to any foolhardy or presumptuous exploit or enterprise.
    • icarian Relating to Icarus or Icaria, now Nikaria, an island in the Icarian sea, near Samos.
    • icarian Of or relating to Icaria, a deme of Attica occupying a valley behind Pentelicus, noted as the home of Thespis, the reputed founder of Greek tragedy, and as the traditional birth-place of the drama and of the cult of Dionysus in Attica.
    • icarian Pertaining or relating to Icaria, an imaginary country where an ideally perfect communism prevailed, described in the work “Voyage to Icaria” (Voyage en Icarie), published by the French communist Etienne Cabet in 1840; pertaining or relating to the principles set forth in this work. An Icaria was established by Cabet and a few hundred followers in 1849 at Nauvoo in Illinois (after a failure in Texas in 1848), which, after some dissensions and divisions, was removed to Adams county, Iowa, in 1857. Another community was established in Sonoma county, California, in 1881, under the name of Icaria-Speranza. Their number has always been small.
    • n icarian An inhabitant of Icaria.
    • n icarian A follower of the communist Cabet; a settler in an Icarian commune.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Icarian ī-kā′ri-an belonging to, or like, Icarus.
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. Icarius, Gr. , fr. , the mythic son of Dædalus, who, when flying from Crete on wings cemented with wax, mounted so high that the sun melted the wax, and he fell into the sea
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. Icarius—Gr. IkariosIkaros, who fell into the sea on his flight from Crete, his waxen wings being melted by the sun.

Usage

In literature:

In vain; for, heart-whole as yet, he receives his words deafer than the Icarian rocks.
"The Works of Horace" by Horace
Of these, two only are political, the Icarian and the Cedar Vale, while the rest are religious.
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, October, 1877, Vol. XX. No. 118" by Various
They feared an Icarian fall.
"Hidden Treasures" by Harry A. Lewis
And the sea in which poor Icarus was drowned was called forever afterward by his name, the Icarian Sea.
"Story Hour Readings: Seventh Year" by E.C. Hartwell
Consider the Dunkards, the Icarians, the Fourierists, the Mormons, and similar idealists who sought our Western wilds.
"The Frontier in American History" by Frederick Jackson Turner
Young Icarians had given up this religious tradition.
"The Conquest of Bread" by Peter Kropotkin
But I misdoubt these Icarian flights.
"The Journal of Negro History, Volume 7, 1922" by Various
This from him was named the Icarian Sea.
"Historic Tales, vol 10 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
Proudhon carried Etienne Cadet's "Icarian" theories so far that in his famous book, "What is Property?
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
FRI. What may enliven love, And feather fancy with Icarian wings.
"A Select Collection of Old English Plays" by Robert Dodsley
The only case that we have heard of as bearing against the hypothesis of such a connection, is that of the French colony of Icarians.
"History of American Socialisms" by John Humphrey Noyes
They feared an Icarian fall.
"The Works of Daniel Webster, Volume 1" by Daniel Webster
As might have been expected, the too-aspiring youth soared on Icarian wings.
"Vondel's Lucifer" by Joost van den Vondel
***

In poetry:

This very morn didst set out with thy plume
Yet damp from thine Icarian tomb,
To plough in mirth again the Stygian wave. With
launching cry
And sails outset didst dive the unattempted sky To doom! To doom!
"The Wrecked Aeroplane" by Leon Gellert