• WordNet 3.6
    • n Hordeum annual to perennial grasses of temperate northern hemisphere and South America: barley
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n hordeum A genus of plants belonging to the natural order Gramineæ, and the type of the tribe Hordeeæ, characterized by having the spikelets 1-flowered, 3 at each joint, but the 2 lateral usually sterile. The glumes are 6 in number, forming a kind of involucre, side by side in front of the spikelets, slender and pointed with an awn or of the form of a bristle. The grain is ovoid-oblong or narrow, adherent to the palets. About 12 species are known, natives of boreal Europe, Africa, temperate Asia, and America, including H. sylvaticum, the wood-barley of Europe; H. pratense, the meadow-barley of Europe and North America; H. murinum, the mouse- or wall-barley of Europe; H. maritimum, the sea-barley or squirrel-tail grass of western Europe; and H. jubatum, the American squirrel-tail grass. The cultivated barley belongs here, but the exact origin of the several forms under cultivation is obscure. See barley.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Hordeum hor′dē-um a genus of plants of order Gramineæ, with twelve species
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L., barley.


In literature:

Decoction of barley, hordeum distichon.
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
BAR'LEY, the name of several cereal plants of the genus Hordeum, ord.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 3" by Various