Hardener

Definitions

  • Hardening by jets of water
    Hardening by jets of water
  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Hardener One who, or that which, hardens; specif., one who tempers tools.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: When a porcupine is born, its quills are soft and mostly white, but harden within hours
    • n hardener One who or that which makes hard or more firm and compact; specifically, one who brings cutting instruments or tools up to the required temper; a temperer.
    • n hardener In photography, a chemical, such as alum, which is added to the fixing-bath in the making of gelatin negatives. It prevents the dissolving of the film in warm weather.
    • ***

Quotations

  • Edwin Hubbel Chapin
    Edwin%20Hubbel%20Chapin
    “Tribulation will not hurt you, unless as it too often does; it hardens you and makes you sour, narrow and skeptical.”
  • James Thurber
    James%20Thurber
    “With sixty staring me in the face, I have developed inflammation of the sentence structure and definite hardening of the paragraphs.”
  • Edmund Burke
    Edmund%20Burke
    “A people who are still, as it were, but in the gristle, and not yet hardened into the bone of manhood.”
  • Edward G. Bulwer-Lytton
    Edward%20G.%20Bulwer-Lytton
    “Anger ventilated often hurries towards forgiveness; anger concealed often hardens into revenge.”
  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    Johann%20Wolfgang%20Von%20Goethe
    “Human beings, by change, renew, rejuvenate ourselves; otherwise we harden.”
  • Antoine Rivarol
    Antoine%20Rivarol
    “Gold like the sun, which melts wax, but hardens clay, expands great souls.”

Usage

In literature:

Silver and gold in the form of money would be entirely too soft, unless alloyed with some hardening metal.
"The Wonder Island Boys: The Mysteries of the Caverns" by Roger Thompson Finlay
I lived with Mullholland two years, and saw and felt enough to make hardened any one of my age.
"An Outcast" by F. Colburn Adams
These teeth are cut when the metal is soft and cold and then the tool is hardened.
"Handwork in Wood" by William Noyes
You might see the fingers of another suddenly hardened in her hair, as she was tearing her locks seized on the top of her head.
"The Metamorphoses of Ovid" by Publius Ovidius Naso
When cool dip the creams in, and set on a buttered plate to harden.
"My Pet Recipes, Tried and True" by Various
I saw Jim's face harden.
"The Trail of '98" by Robert W. Service
Four tangential slots (C) are cut into the perimeter of the pulley (B), and in each is a hardened steel roller (D).
"Practical Mechanics for Boys" by J. S. Zerbe
The following is a description of the hardening process.
"Researches on Cellulose" by C. F. Cross
Chitinized: filled in with or hardened by chitin.
"Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology" by John. B. Smith
It soon hardened and made a single block of the entire structure.
"The English at the North Pole" by Jules Verne
Boil to the consistency of molasses and pour into a jar to harden.
"Home Taxidermy for Pleasure and Profit" by Albert B. Farnham
With grief at her heart she bade him good-bye, and her grief was greater because he seemed so hardened and indifferent to his fate.
"Taking Tales" by W.H.G. Kingston
Her eyes slanted and her lips hardened.
"At the Crossroads" by Harriet T. Comstock
The last ovenful of cake had been placed by an open window in the pantry, that its frosted surface might harden into beauty.
"A Noble Woman" by Ann S. Stephens
He was a man sixty-two years of age, with a genial face that had not been hardened by his years of suffering.
"Modern Americans" by Chester Sanford
And Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he hearkened not unto them; as the Lord had spoken.
"The Bible Story" by Rev. Newton Marshall Hall
Then the lips, which had begun to tremble, hardened into firm compression.
"The White Hand and the Black" by Bertram Mitford
His face hardened and his teeth clicked so sharply that those in the pews near at hand could almost hear the sound.
"Thirty" by Howard Vincent O'Brien
Pour into molds and set in a cold place to harden.
"Civic League Cook Book" by Anonymous
But to the worst of stinks one quickly grows hardened.
"The Orange Girl" by Walter Besant
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In poetry:

The hardened lava changed to hills and leas,
With blooming glades and orchards intermixed,
Vineyards which look abroad o'er purple seas,
And deep foundations fixed.
"Arms And The Man - The War Horse draws The Plough" by James Barron Hope
The miser seehis harden'd heart,
Against compassion steeling;
Thus reasoning in his own defence,
"When thousands starve thro' indolence,
" 'Tis madness to be feeling."
"A Fragment" by Elizabeth Bath
"I lived my life unloved, and all unloving,
Because my heart was hardened by my woe;
But yet I think they'll let me see my baby,
My little baby that left me years ago."
"The Lay Of The White Heifer" by Cicely Fox Smith
Stripped country, shrunken as a beggar's heart,
Inviolate landscape, hardened into steel,
Where the cold soil shatters under heel
Day after day like armor cracked apart.
"The Golden Corpse" by Stephen Vincent Benet
He hardens his heart in the public way —
Who am I? I am but a nameless churl;
But God will put all things straight some day —
Till then may your sleep be a sound one, girl!
"No Name" by Adam Lindsay Gordon
Life without love! -- Who long can live this life,
Where patience only hardens by her smile,
Where peace is nothing but perpetual guile,
And hope's best hope is for a truce of strife?
"Griefs Unspoken" by Martin Farquhar Tupper

In news:

James Harden goes from sixth man to leading.
Maiden Battle Hardened Gets Up in Sam Davis.
Gently place in the refrigerator to harden the chocolate.
Food and Drink Features Nicole Hill Have you ever wondered what James Harden tastes like.
Pour melted wafers in mold and let harden and pop out.
Hardened advocate of left-wing Internet controls quits FCC.
James Harden, Jeremy Lin, Omer Asik lead new-look Rockets against Jazz.
Penna Flame Industries (Pittsburgh, Pa.) had added induction hardening to its list of surface hardening capabilities.
A perforation operation with dull punches can create burrs, and subsequent leveling can work-harden material excessively, which makes the perforated metal susceptible to cracking when bent.
1) The hardening of Pharaoh 's heart.
0 Posted June 29, 2011 by JOHN HARDEN in Music.
For years, advocates of climate-change legislation have struggled to find a sales pitch that will sway even the most hardened of skeptics.
Of late our water softener became a hardener.
Harden scored 17 first -quarter points, going 6 of 7 from the field and hitting all four of his free throws.
The hardened battle MC from Kansas City.
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In science:

See main text for further details. formed to investigate the evolution of binary SMBHs from the onset of merger through the stellar hardening phase until the eventual relativistic coalescence.
Mergers of Unequal Mass Galaxies: Supermassive Black Hole Binary Evolution and Structure of Merger Remnants
Fig. 8.— Evolution of inverse semi-ma jor axis 1/a (top) and eccentricity e (bottom) for model A4 with and without PN terms. a0 is the semi-ma jor axis of the SMBH binary for which stellar dynamical hardening is equal to PN hardening.
Mergers of Unequal Mass Galaxies: Supermassive Black Hole Binary Evolution and Structure of Merger Remnants
It is also not surprising that we find that the hardening rate increases substantially for high γ , as more concentrated nuclei will have bigger amounts of centrophilic orbits.
Mergers of Unequal Mass Galaxies: Supermassive Black Hole Binary Evolution and Structure of Merger Remnants
This saturation is in agreement with an empirically observed fact that, in large deformations caused by high pressure torsion, materials reach a stationary structure without hardening [11 - 13].
Equivalent Strain in Simple Shear Deformations
This mechanism explains the lack of deformation hardening (question 1 above) and the formation of a stationary microstructure observed experimentally [11-13], as well as a number of other phenomena in large simple shear deformations . The answer to question 2, we believe, is related to the same percolation mechanism.
Equivalent Strain in Simple Shear Deformations
Note that sometimes the synchrotron cooling effect causes spectral hardening or pileup (Longair 1994; Drury et al. 1999; Zirakashvili & Aharonian 2007).
Synchrotron X-ray diagnostics of cutoff shape of nonthermal electron spectrum at young supernova remnants
Hardening rates of SMBH binaries resulting from equal-mass mergers are substantially higher than those found in spherical nuclei, and are independent of the total number N of stars.
Supermassive Black Hole Binary Evolution in Axisymmetric Galaxies: the final parsec problem is not a problem
The binary hardening rates s are calculated by fitting straight lines to a−1 (t) in the late phase of binary evolution from T = 30 − 60.
Supermassive Black Hole Binary Evolution in Axisymmetric Galaxies: the final parsec problem is not a problem
Fig. 2.— Average hardening rates of SMBH binary in spherical and flattened galaxy models in Table 1.
Supermassive Black Hole Binary Evolution in Axisymmetric Galaxies: the final parsec problem is not a problem
Again, we calculated SMBH binary hardening rates in interval between T = 30 and T = 60.
Supermassive Black Hole Binary Evolution in Axisymmetric Galaxies: the final parsec problem is not a problem
For c/a = 0.8, we begin to see hints of N -independence for N > 500k , and here the hardening rate is 25 times faster than in a spherical model.
Supermassive Black Hole Binary Evolution in Axisymmetric Galaxies: the final parsec problem is not a problem
Both of these effects should act to increase the hardening rate.
Supermassive Black Hole Binary Evolution in Axisymmetric Galaxies: the final parsec problem is not a problem
As q increases, this hardening becomes weaker — again there is some evidence from experiment for this behaviour, which helps to substantiate the pionic approach that we are following.
Parity-Violating Electron Scattering from the Pion-Correlated Relativistic Fermi Gas
It should be remarked that this last test is a rather stringent one, since we already know that results such as the Coulomb sum rule and the “hardening” of the EM responses are not well reproduced by the na¨ıve RMFT description — the pionic model put forward in the present work does much better in this regard.
Parity-Violating Electron Scattering from the Pion-Correlated Relativistic Fermi Gas
An immediate consequence of deconfinement is thus a considerable hardening of the gluon momentum distribution [14, 16].
Quarkonium Interactions in QCD
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