Ground-glass

Definitions

  • Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Ground-glass any glass that has been depolished by a sand-blast, grinding, or etching with acids, so as to destroy its transparency
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. glæs; Dut., Ger., and Sw. glas; cog. with glow, gleam, glance, glare.

Usage

In literature:

Forms passed rapidly across the ground-glass walls.
"Frenzied Finance" by Thomas W. Lawson
Blood spurted from his lips, and a shower of broken glass shivered to the ground.
"A Daughter of Raasay" by William MacLeod Raine
I see the opening in the receiver; but it is carefully closed by a ground glass-stopper.
"Conversations on Chemistry, V. 1-2" by Jane Marcet
Does he make signs for a glass of spirits, to enable him to cleave the ground or climb a hill?
"Select Temperance Tracts" by American Tract Society
But the glass was shot from his hand, the splintered bits falling to the ground.
"Uncle Sam's Boys as Sergeants" by H. Irving Hancock
Gulping down a nervous tremor, the lad steadied himself and put his hand on the knob of the awful ground-glass door.
"Paul and the Printing Press" by Sara Ware Bassett
My veil in a moment became like ground glass, the water making it impossible for me to see through it.
"Scenes in the Hawaiian Islands and California" by Mary Evarts Anderson
The facets are flat, but have a rough ground-glass like surface.
"A Text-Book of Precious Stones for Jewelers and the Gem-Loving Public" by Frank Bertram Wade
She threw the water on the ground, refilled the glass, and drank.
"The Beth Book" by Sarah Grand
At the rear is a ground-glass screen, B, to catch the image.
"How it Works" by Archibald Williams
Others took the safer ground of refusing to look through the glass.
"Pioneers of Science" by Oliver Lodge
Crash went the glass, in dozens of pieces, to the ground.
"Bobby of Cloverfield Farm" by Helen Fuller Orton
The jagged piece of glass, his only weapon, he threw to the ground.
"The Road to Frontenac" by Samuel Merwin
I've seen him roll a bottle along the ground as if you was a-kickin' it, shootin' between it and the ground and never chippin' the glass.
"Louisiana Lou" by William West Winter
But for a whole day I watched them through my field glasses salting the ground.
"The Song of the Wolf" by Frank Mayer
They had now gained a rise of ground from which with a field-glass the fort might have been seen.
"Boys of The Fort" by Ralph Bonehill
Each time the secretary had indicated patience by an arching of her brows and a jerk of her thumb toward the ground-glass door.
"Whispering Wires" by Henry Leverage
It was March; but the snow lay upon the ground, and the face of the roads was as glass.
"Wilson's Tales of the Borders and of Scotland" by Various
The soft light from the ground-glass globe showed nothing wrong as he glanced round.
"Of High Descent" by George Manville Fenn
This may be made of ground glass, opal glass, or be a dioptric globe such as the holophane.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 16, Slice 6" by Various
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In poetry:

As long as it takes to pass
A ship keeps raising its hull;
The wetter ground like glass
Reflects a standing gull
"Neither Out Far Nor In Deep" by Robert Frost
The servants thought they smelt an ass,
And ply'd him plenteous with the glass.
As briskly as the liquor move,
They briskly fill his head with love;
Till on the ground was seen to be
Hope of his numerous family.
"Courtship" by William Hutton

In news:

COLUMBIA — One knee on the ground, Justin Garnett, 27, scraped an elderberry stem with a knife he made from volcanic glass.
"When you use a product with pumice you're basically washing your hands with ground rock and silicate glass," said Edward Buscis of Wrenchers.
Plain film of the abdomen demonstrates massive distention of the sigmoid colon and rectum with inspissated feces in a ground-glass appearance (Figure 1).
Reproductions of this popular glass will have a ground or smooth top edge and may be made of heavier glass.
Collins J, Stern EJ: Ground-glass opacity at CT: The ABCs AJR 169:355-367, 1997.
Remy-Jardin M, Remy J, Giraud F, et al: Computed tomography assessment of ground-glass opacity: Semiology and significance.
Collins J, Stern EJ: Patterns of ground glass opacity on CT scanning of the chest.
The mirrored glass was painted on all sides, and the mirror finish was exposed only after it was ground.
Ground cinnamon, for rimming the glass.
A view of Wacker Drive as seen through the floor of a new glass balcony on Chicago's Sears Tower that juts out 1,353 feet above ground level.
Glass on the ground where a victim's car was parked.
In 35mm adapters , the ground glass often moves in order to simulate a film grain look, and to minimize the presence of the ground glass texture in your image.
The first course had just been served in the Costa Concordia's dining room when the wine glasses, forks and plates of cuttlefish and mushrooms smashed to the ground.
Nothing can match the clarity, purity and optical acuity of precision ground glass.
And would we need wipers for our glasses AOL News contributor David Moye gives us an intimate look at Penthouse 's attempt at newd sorry, new ground in home entertainment.
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In science:

Investigations of the d = 1 infinity anisotropy limit [106] gave a spin-glass ground state.
Critical properties of random anisotropy magnets
In this spin-glass case, if we restrict to the analysis of the ground state (β → ∞), it is possible to write an analytic solution as a sum of delta functions peaked at integer multiples of the variance J of the distribution of exchanges.
Replica-symmetric solutions of a dilute Ising ferromagnet in a random field
That term increases glass temperature, which means design, as usually, makes for a more stable ground state.
Heteropolymer Sequence Design and Preferential Solvation of Hydrophilic Monomers: One More Application of Random Energy Model
Ising spin glass ground states of the system.
Effective Spin-1/2 Description of Transverse-Field-Induced Random Fields in Dipolar Spin Glasses with Strong Single-Ion Anisotropy
Rigorous decimationbased construction of ground pure states for spin glass models on random lattices.
Random subcubes as a toy model for constraint satisfaction problems
Spin glass can not remain in a single lowest energy state (the ground state).
Contributions to Random Energy Models
The consequence of frustration and local degeneracy is that in general the ground state of a spin glass will be highly degenerate.
Theoretical analysis of optimization problems - Some properties of random k-SAT and k-XORSAT
From understanding the details of chemical reactions to finding ground state properties of quantum spin glass models, there are many problems whose nature is quantum mechanical.
Local Hamiltonians in Quantum Computation
The result implies that the strongly-disordered spin-glass model has many ground states for d > 6, and only of order one below six.
Theory of minimum spanning trees I: Mean-field theory and strongly disordered spin-glass model
Furthermore, Newman and Stein (hereafter referred to as NS) have shown [8, 9] that in the strong disorder limit, the problem of finding the ground state of an Ising spin glass may be directly mapped on to the MST problem.
Theory of minimum spanning trees I: Mean-field theory and strongly disordered spin-glass model
NS [8, 9] (see also Ref. [6, 7]) defined a stronglydisordered spin glass model and showed that the problem of finding the ground state maps onto a MST problem.
Theory of minimum spanning trees I: Mean-field theory and strongly disordered spin-glass model
Monasson, Rigorous Decimation-Based Construction of Ground States for Spin-Glass Models on Random Lattices, Phys.
Reconstruction and Clustering in Random Constraint Satisfaction Problems
Tang, Ground state and glass transition of the RNA secondary structure, Eur.
Field Theory of the RNA Freezing Transition
As an example of a different initial state, in Fig. 2, we report results in which the quenches start from the ground state of Hamiltonian (1) deep inside the Bose-glass phase (lI = 8).
Quenches in a quasi-disordered integrable lattice system: Dynamics and statistical description of observables after relaxation
An extensive list of results for the ground state properties of spin glasses on random graphs is presented.
Numerical Results for Ground States of Mean-Field Spin Glasses at low Connectivities
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