Graphotype

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Graphotype (Engraving) A process for producing a design upon a surface in relief so that it can be printed from. Prepared chalk or oxide of zinc is pressed upon a smooth plate by a hydraulic press, and the design is drawn upon this in a peculiar ink which hardens the surface wherever it is applied. The surface is then carefully rubbed or brushed, leaving the lines in relief.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n graphotype A process of making blocks for use in surface-printing. Drawings are made on a thin surface of finely prepared chalk with a silicious ink. When dried, the soft parts are brushed away, and the drawing remains in relief; stereotypes are then made from the block. In a later form of the process the chalk surface is superseded by a zinc plate covered with finely powdered French chalk brought to a hard and firm texture by great pressure.
    • n graphotype A type-writer for embossing letters upon thin sheets of metal to form type for use in an addressing-machine.
    • n graphotype A form of type-casting and -setting machine.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Graphotype a process intended to supersede wood-engraving, but superseded by zincotype
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. gra`fein to write + -type,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. graphein, to write, lithos, a stone, metron, a measure, phonē, a sound, typos, an impression.