Grangerism

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Grangerism The practice of illustrating a particular book by engravings collected from other books.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n grangerism The principles and methods of the grangers of the United States.
    • n grangerism The practice of illustrating a book by binding up in it engravings taken from other books, or with independent prints, watercolors, etc.; also, the resulting mutilation of books. The practice became popular when James Granger published, in 1769, his “Biographical History of England,” which incited persons to mutilate other books to illustrate it.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Grangerism grān′jer-izm the practice of cutting plates and title-pages out of many books to illustrate one book
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
So called from the Rev. James Granger, , whose “Biographical History of England” (1769) was a favorite book for illustration in this manner
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
From James Granger (1716-76), whose Biographical History of England (1769) gave an impetus to this.

Usage

In literature:

At Forrestal's request, Granger explained how he viewed the special adviser's role.
"Integration of the Armed Forces, 1940-1965" by Morris J. MacGregor Jr.
The others appeared to find a subtle humor in their comrade's mode of handling a granger.
"Trail's End" by George W. Ogden
She married old Granger, you know.
"A Wounded Name" by Charles King
Granger landed, but Farragut could not fulfil his part of the bargain, because so many of his ships were still away.
"The Gulf and Inland Waters" by A. T. Mahan
Granger's justly esteemed volumes originated in such a collection.
"Curiosities of Literature, Vol. 1 (of 3)" by Isaac D'Israeli
They've been wasting the water, like grangers always do, and they're fighting among themselves.
"The Man Next Door" by Emerson Hough
In May last, the 124th Ohio was near Franklin, Tenn., a part of General Granger's division, and belonging to Gilbert's brigade.
"Incidents of the War: Humorous, Pathetic, and Descriptive" by Alf Burnett
Worked in crewels on India cotton, by Mrs. Gideon Granger, Canandaigua, New York.
"The Development of Embroidery in America" by Candace Wheeler
On the morning of the sixth, Commander Walke, taking on board General Granger, Colonel Smith, of the Forty-third Ohio, and Captain L.H.
"From Fort Henry to Corinth" by Manning Ferguson Force
No objection was made, and Mr. GRANGER'S name was added to the list of delegates from New York.
"A Report of the Debates and Proceedings in the Secret Sessions of the Conference Convention" by Lucius Eugene Chittenden
You know Tommy Granger here?
"The Fifth Form at Saint Dominic's" by Talbot Baines Reed
Our corps, commanded by General Gordon Granger, was held in reserve at this battle, and was not generally engaged on the 19th.
"History of the Eighty-sixth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, during its term of service" by John R. Kinnear
Find out what has become of Mrs. Granger's cousin, Lester Goodwin, who went to Texas fourteen years ago.
"The Sunbridge Girls at Six Star Ranch" by Eleanor H. (Eleanor Hodgman) Porter
Richardson's portraits to Granger gives us the above profile.
"On the Portraits of English Authors on Gardening," by Samuel Felton
It proved to be the division of the Federal General Gordon Granger.
"Robert Toombs" by Pleasant A. Stovall
GRANGER, F. The Worship of the Romans.
"An Introduction to the Study of Comparative Religion" by Frank Byron Jevons
Granger declines going to Liberia at present on account of the unwillingness of his mother to go there.
"Discussion on American Slavery" by George Thompson
He was promised a strong land force under General Granger and several monitors, which were sent to him.
"The Greater Republic" by Charles Morris
Granger thought I was crazy.
"Library of the World's Best Literature, Ancient and Modern, Vol. 15" by Various
Granger's wife and baby, with Wat's wife, were the civilization.
"Jap Herron" by Emily Grant Hutchings
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In news:

Pacers' Granger out three months.
Danny Granger could be out 3 months.
Indiana Pacers' Danny Granger , right, drives past Cleveland Cavaliers' Alonzo Gee.
Quarterback Juice Granger is expected to see action again… (DAVID SWANSON…).
(Photo by Chris Granger, NOLA.com The Times-Picayune).
GRANGER — The Highland Hornets sixth-grade varsity football team finished the season with a 10–0 record, winning the championship in the Northern Ohio Youth Football Conference football league.
A transient who claims to have jumped off a train in Granger last Friday may have found himself a better free ride with a stolen pickup, until it crashed in Utah.
INDIANAPOLIS (AP) – Danny Granger scored 29 points to help the Indiana Pacers beat the Milwaukee Bucks 118-109 on Thursday and clinch home-court advantage in the first round of the playoffs.
Danny Granger was all smiles after the Pacers clinched home-court advantage in the first round of the playoffs.
Pierson athletic director Monty Granger and varsity coach Haley Luzim plan to submit an appeal to the county seeding committee.
Granger High program will lead to creation of a student-inspired mural.
Al Hartmann The Salt Lake Tribune Granger High art students explore a pit house at the Fremont Indian State Park Museum.
PLYMOUTH — 2nd District Congressional Candidate Brendan Mullen (D-Granger) stopped by Opie's Deli Wednesday afternoon fresh off his debate with opponent Republican Jackie Walorski.
Pacers are leaning on Paul George, a stingy defense in Danny Granger's absence.
STAFF PHOTO BY CHRIS GRANGER.
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In science:

Although such weighted MYEs are not strictly comparable, they can still be used as sub jects in such a longitudinal or multivariate analysis, just as similar situations are treated throughout the social sciences [see Granger (2004)].
Incompatibility of trends in multi-year estimates from the American Community Survey
Once the estimation of the parameters in the VAR(p) model shown in Eq. (1) through Ordinary Least Squares (OLS), we need to interpret the dynamic relationship between the indicated variables using the Granger causality.
Proceedings of the 2011 New York Workshop on Computer, Earth and Space Science
This idea first appeared in Robinson (1978) and was more deeply investigated in Granger (1980). A lot of papers have then been devoted to this sub ject, among them Gonçalvez and Gouriéroux (1988), Oppenheim and Viano (2004), Zaffaroni (2004).
Aggregation of isotropic autoregressive fields
Also Granger causality can be interpreted in this framework.
Influence tests I: ideal composite hypothesis tests, and causal semimeasures
This The continuous entropy of a Normal distribution is given by implies that when the error of the observed data relative to some model is assumed to be Normal distributed, the Shannon entropy is estimated by the root mean squared error, in correspondence with common definitions of Granger causality.
Influence tests I: ideal composite hypothesis tests, and causal semimeasures
Granger causality: basic theory and application to neuroscience.
Influence tests I: ideal composite hypothesis tests, and causal semimeasures
Evaluating causal relations in neural systems: granger causality, directed transfer function and statistical assessment of significance.
Influence tests I: ideal composite hypothesis tests, and causal semimeasures
Priestley (1965) introduced processes with evolutionary spectra and a time-varying spectral representation similar to that of a stationary sequence; cf. also Granger (1964) and Priestley (1988) for an overview.
Testing temporal constancy of the spectral structure of a time series
The Granger causality test is a technique for determining whether one time series is useful in forecasting another.
Link Prediction in Complex Networks: A Survey
Bouezmarni, T., Rombouts, J. V., & Taamouti, A. (2010). A nonparametric copula based test for conditional independence with applications to granger causality.
Nonparametric testing of conditional independence by means of the partial copula
For instance, Starica and Granger (2005) show that an appropriate model to describe the dynamic of the logarithm of the absolute returns of the S&P 500 index is given by (1) where µt and σt are step functions i.e.
Testing for change in mean of heteroskedastic time series
Granger causality in mean between uncorrelated variables.
Corrected portmanteau tests for VAR models with time-varying variance
The work of these authors was motivated by Granger quantile causality [Granger (1969)] and they employed an idea of Zheng (1998), who proposed to transform quantile restrictions to mean restrictions.
Significance testing in quantile regression
Granger causality has also been studied in others areas : neuroscience (see e.g.
Testing instantaneous causality in presence of non constant unconditional variance
Directional influences revealed by Granger causality.
Testing instantaneous causality in presence of non constant unconditional variance
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