Gradin

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Gradin (Arch) Any member like a step, as the raised back of an altar or the like; a set raised over another. "The gradines of the amphitheeater."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n gradin One of a series of steps or seats raised one above another.
    • n gradin An altar-ledge or altar-shelf; one of the steps, ledges, or shelves above and back of an altar, on which the altar-cross or crucifix, flower-vases, candlesticks, etc., are placed. The term gradin seems to have been recently introduced from the French. Before the Reformation the simple name shelf was used. The gradin or gradins collectively are sometimes called a superaltar, or by some confusion of terms a retable (this being distinguished from a reredos).
    • n gradin A toothed chisel used by sculptors.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Gradin one of a series of rising seats, as in an amphitheatre: a raised step or ledge behind an altar
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. gradin, dim,. of grade,. See Grade
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. gradus, a step—gradi, to step.

Usage

In literature:

They're collectin' gradin'-camp drivers an' mule-skinners all up an' down the state.
"The Valley of the Moon" by Jack London
They was gradin' and choppin' out the forests ahead to continue the road.
"Cabbages and Kings" by O. Henry
It is often patterned with squares and gradines.
"The Seven Great Monarchies Of The Ancient Eastern World, Vol 2. (of 7): Assyria" by George Rawlinson
I was high-gradin' on my pardner right and left.
"The She Boss" by Arthur Preston Hankins
And he can sleep longer and harder and louder than a corral of gradin' mules on Saturday night!
"Overland Red" by Henry Herbert Knibbs
The top of the stone masonry was ornamented with gradines, as at Nimroud.
"Discoveries among the Ruins of Nineveh and Babylon" by Austen H. Layard
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In poetry:

But don't blame Doc: he's got all sorts o' cur'ous notions--as
The feller says; his odd-come-shorts, like smart men mostly has.
He'll more'n like be potter'n 'round the Blacksmith Shop; er in
Some back lot, spadin' up the ground, er gradin' it agin.
"Doc Sifers" by James Whitcomb Riley

In science:

Gradins on D4 have been considered in [DMV08], while the gradings on F4 and on the exceptional simple Jordan algebra (or Albert algebra) have been classified in [DM07].
Gradings on symmetric composition algebras
It turns out that it’s sufficient to consider integer gradin gs instead of RO(G) , in view of periodicity isomorphisms (see [14, Chapter XV, Section 2, p. 157]).
Real Equivariant Bordism for elementary abelian 2-groups
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