Gothic

Definitions

  • They were passing the charming little Gothic palace known as the House of Desdemona
    They were passing the charming little Gothic palace known as the House of Desdemona
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj gothic characterized by gloom and mystery and the grotesque "gothic novels like `Frankenstein'"
    • adj gothic as if belonging to the Middle Ages; old-fashioned and unenlightened "a medieval attitude toward dating"
    • adj Gothic of or relating to the Goths "Gothic migrations"
    • adj Gothic of or relating to the language of the ancient Goths "the Gothic Bible translation"
    • adj Gothic characteristic of the style of type commonly used for printing German
    • n Gothic a style of architecture developed in northern France that spread throughout Europe between the 12th and 16th centuries; characterized by slender vertical piers and counterbalancing buttresses and by vaulting and pointed arches
    • n Gothic a heavy typeface in use from 15th to 18th centuries
    • n Gothic extinct East Germanic language of the ancient Goths; the only surviving record being fragments of a 4th-century translation of the Bible by Bishop Ulfilas
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Italian Gothic Architecture Italian Gothic Architecture
BRIDAL CHEST. GOTHIC DESIGN BRIDAL CHEST. GOTHIC DESIGN

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Gothic-style Washington National Cathedral contains the remains of the only US president buried in Washington: Woodrow Wilson. William Howard Taft and John F. Kennedy are buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, VA.
    • Gothic A kind of square-cut type, with no hair lines.
    • Gothic (Arch) Of or pertaining to a style of architecture with pointed arches, steep roofs, windows large in proportion to the wall spaces, and, generally, great height in proportion to the other dimensions -- prevalent in Western Europe from about 1200 to 1475 a. d. See Illust. of Abacus, and Capital.
    • Gothic Pertaining to the Goths; as, Gothic customs; also, rude; barbarous.
    • Gothic The language of the Goths; especially, the language of that part of the Visigoths who settled in Moesia in the 4th century. See Goth.
    • Gothic (Arch) The style described in Gothic a., 2.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The great Gothic cathedral of Milan was started in 1386, and wasn't completed until 1805.
    • Gothic Of or pertaining to the Goths: as, Gothic customs; Gothic barbarity.
    • Gothic Hence Rude; barbarous.
    • Gothic An epithet commonly applied to the European art of the middle ages, and more particularly to the various Pointed types of architecture generally prevalent from the middle of the twelfth century to the revival of study of classical models in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. This epithet was originally applied in scorn (compare def. 2), by Italian Renaissance architects, to every species of art which had existed from the decay of Roman art until the outward forms of that art were revived as patterns for imitation; but, although no longer used in a depreciative sense, the adjective is inappropriate as applied to one of the noblest and completest styles of architecture ever developed, which owes nothing whatsoever to the Goths, and is seldom now described as Gothic in other languages than English. See medieval and Pointed.
    • Gothic In liturgies, an epithet sometimes applied to the Mozarabic liturgy, or to the Gallican family of liturgies, in accordance with an incorrect theory that they were first introduced into Gaul and Spain by the Visigoths, or from the fact that they were in use in Gallican and Spanish churches at the time of Gothic domination. An ancient manuscript of the Gallican liturgy still extant is entitled a Gothic Missal (Missale Gothicum) by a later hand.
    • n Gothic The language of the Goths. The Goths spoke various forms of a Teutonic tongue now usually classed with the Scandinavian as the eastern branch of the Teutonic family, though it has also close affinities with the western branch (Old High German, Anglo-Saxon, etc.). All forms of Gothic have perished without record, except that spoken by some of the western Goths (Visigoths), who at the beginning of the fourth century occupied Dacia (Wallachia, etc.), and who before the end of that century passed over in great numbers into Mœsia (now Bulgaria, etc.). Revolting against the Roman empire, they extended their conquests even into Gaul and Spain. Their language, now called Mœsogothic or simply Gothic, is preserved in the fragmentary remains of a nearly complete translation of the Bible made by their bishop, Wulfila (a name also used in the forms Ulfila, Ulphila, Ulfilas) (who lived in the fourth century a. d.), and in some other fragments. These remains are of the highest philological importance, preceding by several centuries the next earliest Teutonic records (Anglo-Saxon and Old High German). The language bears a primitive aspect, indicating its existence under practically undisturbed linguistic conditions for a long period before its appearance in the records. Apart from the Latin and Greek words introduced with Christianity, Gothic shows little trace of foreign influence except in the presence of a few words borrowed from the neighboring Slavs. As the oldest recorded Teutonic tongue, and usually but not always nearest the original Teutonic type, it stands at the head of the languages of its class, to which it bears a relation like that of the Sanskrit to the other languages of the Indo-European family.
    • n Gothic In bibliography, an early form of black-faced and pointed letters, as shown in printed books and manuscripts.
    • n Gothic [lowercase] The American name for a style of square-cut printing-type without serifs or hair-lines, after the style of old Roman mural letters. What is called simply gothic in America is known in England as grotesque, and lighter faces known in England as sans-serif are in America called gothic condensed, light-face gothic, etc.
    • n Gothic The so-called Gothic style of architecture. See I., 3.
    • Gothic Belonging to or characteristic of ‘Goths’ or ‘barbarians’ in matters of literature or art.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The painting, "American Gothic" depicts the sister and the dentist of artist Grant Wood as rural farm folk.
    • adj Gothic belonging to the Goths or their language: barbarous: romantic: denoting a style of architecture with high-pointed arches, clustered columns, &c. (applied in reproach at the time of the Renaissance)
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Quotations

  • Samuel Taylor Coleridge
    Samuel%20Taylor%20Coleridge
    “The principle of the Gothic architecture is infinity made imaginable.”
  • Kenneth Clark
    Kenneth Clark
    “Opera, next to Gothic architecture, is one of the strangest inventions of Western man. It could not have been foreseen by any logical process.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. Gothicus,: cf. F. gothique,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
The native names Gutans (sing. Guta) and Gutôs (sing. Guts), Gutthiuda, 'people of the Goths;' Latinised as Gothi, Gotthi.

Usage

In literature:

The Gothic roof was remade on the pattern of those of SS.
"The Shores of the Adriatic" by F. Hamilton Jackson
There in the ancient Gothic doorway stood a human figure.
"Writings in the United Amateur, 1915-1922" by Howard Phillips Lovecraft
The Gothic architects confounded the two.
"The Stones of Venice, Volume I (of 3)" by John Ruskin
We cannot say, therefore, that a building is either Gothic or not Gothic in form, any more than we can in spirit.
"The Stones of Venice, Volume II (of 3)," by John Ruskin
It is rich and fully developed Gothic, with crockets and finials, but not yet attaining any extravagant developement.
"The Stones of Venice, Volume III (of 3)" by John Ruskin
The Ghost-scenes and the Witches in each, are authenticated in the old Gothic history.
"Hazlitt on English Literature" by Jacob Zeitlin
The church is of a flimsy Gothic, the true revival having hardly then commenced.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
THE NATURE OF GOTHIC A CHAPTER OF THE STONES OF VENICE.
"The Art and Craft of Printing" by William Morris
His nose was like a red gothic tower built amidst broken angles of sullied snow, and his mouth was the cellar of that tower.
"The Orpheus C. Kerr Papers. Series 3" by Robert H. Newell
He has as graceful a gothic chapel as heart could desire; his place of worship is reverential and in keeping with its character.
"The London Pulpit" by J. Ewing Ritchie
The thirteenth century saw the interpolation and admixture of Gothic, which elsewhere, in France in particular, was making such great strides.
"The Cathedrals and Churches of the Rhine" by Francis Miltoun
The Gothic church of St Pierre, its chief building, was erected from 1506 to 1521, and was till 1790 a cathedral.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 7" by Various
One peculiarity will strike him: the peninsula possesses no pure Gothic, Romanesque, or Renaissance building.
"The Cathedrals of Northern Spain" by Charles Rudy
Behind the church there is a Gothic gateway.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 4" by Various
What looks of hatred shot from their eyes upon the aristocratic Roman who now came to witness the death of the great Gothic hero!
"A Struggle for Rome, v. 1" by Felix Dahn
No more shall Gothic blood flow from wounds made by Gothic weapons.
"A Struggle for Rome, Vol. 2 (of 3)" by Felix Dahn
The trophies of Gothic valour still hung on the walls of the lofty and vaulted hall.
"A Struggle for Rome, v. 3" by Felix Dahn
They exerted a greater thrust on the walls than the later Gothic vaults.
"Cathedral Cities of England" by George Gilbert
No other religious architecture symbolizes spiritual longing; but the Gothic embodies it.
"Shadowings" by Lafcadio Hearn
The chancel, surrounded with radiating chapels, is a fine example of early Gothic.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 4" by Various
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In poetry:

Gorgeous and splendid was the sight;
From myriad lamps a fairy light
Enshrin'd in wreaths the Gothic wall,
And heav'nly music fill'd the hall!
"Lines Upom Seeing----" by Sir John Carr
Roar from the surf of boreal isles,
Roar from the hidden, jagged steeps,
Where the destroyer never sleeps;
Ring through the iceberg's Gothic piles!
"March" by Elizabeth Drew Barstow Stoddard
The heap of Gothic masonry lowers
Brown in the moon's uncertain glance;
In dark blue air rise strutting towers,
And round the walls lean shadows dance.
"Hakon Jarl's Death" by Adam Gottlob Oehlenschlaeger
Within the spacious Courts were seen
A thousand gothic fancies;
Of banners, trophies, armour bright,
Of shields, thick batter'd in the fight,
And interwoven lances.
"Golfre, Gothic Swiss Tale" by Mary Darby Robinson
To share my somewhat lofty rank
Was what they panted for, like mad;
You see my balance at the bank
Was not so small, and, I may add,
A Castle, Gothic and immense,
Is my Official residence.
"Bluebeard" by Harry Graham
Beside these gray old pillars, how perishing and weak
The Roman's arch of triumph, and the temple of the Greek,
And the gold domes of Byzantium, and the pointed Gothic spires,
All are gone, one by one, but the temples of our sires!
"The Pillar Towers of Ireland" by Denis Florence MacCarthy

In news:

NBC has ordered a script for a prospective new New Orleans-set TV series described by the Hollywood Reporter trade publication as a "sexy gothic thriller" that would be "rich with tradition, superstition and murder.".
Gothic fantasy blurs the lines.
Bar 3 of Rockford is hosting another night showcasing gothic and industrial music.
HUNTSVILLE, Alabama--The Gothic Guild, an organization which annually hosts the Victorian Cotillion, recently installed officers for the 2012 to 2013 year during a luncheon meeting at Huntsville Country Club.
Madonna's MDNA Tour Staging Is Dark, Gothic + Sexy.
Our Maven of Culture Examines a Stellar Film on a Dry Subject and a Gothic Soap Opera.
Burton, Depp redo gothic -lite in 'Dark Shadows'.
A Southern gothic story takes the reader into the mind of a dangerous man who doesn't know he is so dangerous in "The Wowzer" by Frank Wheeler Jr. Sheriff's deputy Jerry seems like the average Arkansas country boy.
Why I Don't Watch Hockey: A Southern Gothic Tale.
Kirby Gann's Southern Gothic .
Art from James O'Barr's 'Sundown,' a gothic western in the making.
Collegiate Gothic Isn't Just for Snobs.
Connor Christian and Jeff Spirko on the Sounds of Southern Gothic .
The gothic saga of Brooklyn power broker Carl Kruger, a state senator who loved a gynecologist and his family so much he was willing to sell his influence for them.
'Twilight', controversy and the Gothic literary tradition.
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In science:

We usually follow Bourbaki’s convention: if G is a Lie group, then its Lie algebra is designated g, except in characteristic p > 0 where the modern tradition does not favor Gothic font.
Structures of G(2) type and nonintegrable distributions in characteristic p
We follow Bourbaki’s convention: if G is a Lie group, then its Lie algebra is designated g, although the modern tradition does not favor Gothic font in characteristic p > 0.
Cartan matrices and presentations of Cunha and Elduque superalgebras
We shall use the gothic letter F for an individual algorithm (a precisely described set of rules).
Moments for generalized Farey-Brocot partitions
In order to simplify the notation in the proof we replace Gothic letters by Roman letters and G2 , A2 by G, A, respectively.
Simultaneous Constructions of the Sporadic Groups Co_2 and Fi_{22}
In order to simplify notation we replace the Gothic letters by Roman ones.
Construction of Fischer's sporadic group Fi'_{24} inside GL_{8671}(13)
We denote the homogeneous ideal in R of a closed point in Pn K by the corresponding gothic letter, e.g., p and eqi are the ideals of the closed points p and eqi , respectively.
Equations describing the ramification of outer simple linear projections
Unitary operators that do not bear pseudo unitarity will from now onwards be denoted by either upright Latin or Gothic letters.
Pseudo-Unitary Dynamics of Free Relativistic Quantum Mechanical Twofold Systems
We also adopt the convention that Lie groups are denoted by Roman capitals and their Lie algebras are denoted by the corresponding Gothic lower case letters.
Functional analytic background for a theory of infinite-dimensional reductive Lie groups
Their Lie algebras are denoted by the corresponding Gothic characters: g, b, h respectively.
Eigencone, saturation and Horn problems for symplectic and odd orthogonal groups
The Lie algebras will be denoted by the corresponding Gothic letter.
Spin representations of Weyl groups and the Springer correspondence
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