• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Gonfalon A name popularly given to any flag which hangs from a crosspiece or frame instead of from the staff or the mast itself. "Standards and gonfalons , 'twixt van and rear,
      Stream in the air."
    • Gonfalon The ensign or standard in use by certain princes or states, such as the mediæval republics of Italy, and in more recent times by the pope.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n gonfalon Originally, a banderole or small pennon attached to a lance or spear; an ensign or standard, especially one having two or three streamers or tails, fixed on a frame made to turn like a ship's vane, or suspended from a cross-yard, as in the case of the papal or ecclesiastical gonfalon. See labarum. The person intrusted with the gonfalon in the medieval republican cities of Italy was often the chief person in the state.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Gonfalon gon′fa-lon an ensign or standard with streamers—also Gon′fanon
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. gonfanoun, OF. gonfanon, F. gonfalon, the same word as F. confalon, name of a religious brotherhood, fr. OHG. gundfano, war flag; gund, war (used in comp., and akin to AS. gūð,) + fano, cloth, flag; akin to E. vane,; cf. AS. gūðfana,. See Vane, and cf. Confalon
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. gonfanon—Mid. High Ger. gundfanogund, battle, fano (Ger. fahne), a flag.


In literature:

The people were drawn together under the Gonfalon of justice and the ensigns of the companies of the artisans.
"History Of Florence And Of The Affairs Of Italy" by Niccolo Machiavelli
He registered a vow to set a watch on this solicitous cousin who offered so readily to bear his gonfalon.
"Love-at-Arms" by Raphael Sabatini
Billy, Pete, and Frank joined them, each fluttering a brilliant silk gonfalon.
"Angel Island" by Inez Haynes Gillmore
The tallest and the stoutest of the Border men bore the gonfalon of the Lord of the Tournament.
"Endymion" by Benjamin Disraeli
But here there is no gonfalon, no golden chain of office, no velvet doublet, cloak, and rapier, no guards with arquebuss or polished crossbow.
"Hodge and His Masters" by Richard Jefferies
Spirito, gonfalone nichio, in fior.
"Donatello" by David Lindsay, Earl of Crawford
Down are gone both cap and feather, Lance and gonfalon are down!
"The Bon Gaultier Ballads" by William Edmonstoune Aytoun Theodore Martin
Gonfalon standard, the, 119. iv.
"Our Fathers Have Told Us" by John Ruskin
The pine-cone ripens, and the long moss waves Its tangled gonfalons above our braves.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 16, No. 93, July, 1865" by Various
Behind this gonfalon advanced two by two the Brothers of the Consolation.
"Library of the World's Best Literature, Ancient and Modern, Vol. VIII" by Various
Boni, upon the standard or gonfalone, just described.
"The History of Painting in Italy, Vol. 3 (of 6)" by Luigi Antonio Lanzi
This was referred to once or twice as 'yon gonfalon of Diabolus,' so I suppose that's what it was.
"Harvard Stories" by Waldron Kintzing Post
Madame Fatello and Mademoiselle Sebastiana Gonfalon were equipped for the ball and in readiness to depart.
"Tales from Blackwood" by Various
The Gonfalone of S. Bernardino by Bonfigli represents the saint between heaven and earth pleading for his votaries.
"Renaissance in Italy: Italian Literature" by John Addington Symonds
The title of "gonfalonier," the bearer of the gonfalon, was in the middle ages both military and civil.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 2" by Various
And waneless suns Shine on its passing gonfalons.
"Divine Adventures" by John Niendorff

In poetry:

The sunset-gonfalons are furled
On plains of evening, broad and pale,
And woven athwart the waning world
The air is like a silver veil.
"Crepuscule" by Clark Ashton Smith
So the old, dear freemasonry goes on--
The busy life, the laughter-under-sod,
The leafy hosts with spear and gonfalon
Guarding the earthy mysteries of God.
"On Receiving A Bow Of Spring Flower In London" by Mary Webb
And iris gonfalons scale her walls,
And rustic roses storm square and street;
In sound of her gates the cuckoo calls,
And the slow—swaying ox—wain creaks and crawls
'Twixt blossoming bean and beardless wheat.
"How Florence Rings Her Bells" by Alfred Austin
For years the schooner Gonfalon
Was sailed by the savage old Rochon,
And wherever she went, at her topmast high
Dangled a corpse against the sky—
A corpse that like a mummy grew
And lightly about in the breezes blew!
"Old Rochon" by Maurice Thompson
Then roses were showered before your feet,
And her lily—crowned gonfalons waved above,
And children chanted in square and street,
`All hail to the Monarch may free men greet,
Whose sceptre is Peace, and whose Throne is Love.'
"Invocation" by Alfred Austin
Oh, red were the deeds of old Rochon
And wild were the crew of the Gonfalon!
In every nook of the Spanish main
The cruisers cruised for them in vain,
While they robbed and feasted and drank good wine
To the health of the mate of the Caroline!
"Old Rochon" by Maurice Thompson