French

Definitions

  • Direction of the Pad in French Polishing
    Direction of the Pad in French Polishing
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj French of or pertaining to France or the people of France "French cooking","a Gallic shrug"
    • v French cut (e.g, beans) lengthwise in preparation for cooking "French the potatoes"
    • n French the Romance language spoken in France and in countries colonized by France
    • n French the people of France
    • n French United States sculptor who created the seated marble figure of Abraham Lincoln in the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. (1850-1931)
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Additional illustrations & photos:

American and French field artillery gun crews American and French field artillery gun crews
Yanks with French Type of Anti-Aircraft Yanks with French Type of Anti-Aircraft
French Colonial Types French Colonial Types
French dogs loaned by private families French dogs loaned by private families
Old French House, St. John Street Old French House, St. John Street
From Children's Stories from French Fairy Tales From Children's Stories from French Fairy Tales
Starting for the French Camp Starting for the French Camp
THE JOY OF BILLETING IN A FRENCH CHATEAU THE JOY OF BILLETING IN A FRENCH CHATEAU

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: French soldiers during World War I had the nickname "poilu" which translates to "hairy one."
    • French (Zoöl) a European species of sole (Solea pegusa).
    • French Collectively, the people of France.
    • prop. a French frĕnch Of or pertaining to France or its inhabitants.
    • French The language spoken in France.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: A piece of French toast that was partially eaten by Justin Timberlake sold on eBay
    • french Pertaining to France, a country of western Europe, or to its inhabitants. Often abbreviated Fr.
    • french Foreign; from a distant or foreign land; hence, strange; uncommon; rare.
    • french a variety of grenadine used for ladies' dresses and very durable.
    • french Baldness produced by what was called the French disease (morbus Gallicus). Hence used with equivocation.
    • n french The language spoken by the people of France. French is parallel with Provençal, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Wallachian, and minor dialects, called together the Romance languages, being descended from the Latin as spoken by the Romans and the peoples of the various provinces whom they brought under their dominion, mingled with the Celtic and Teutonic tongues with which Latin was thus brought in contact. (See Romance.) French means ‘the language of the Franks,’ a Teutonic people merged with the mixed races of Gaul, who received the Frankish name (the country being thence called France), but retained their Romanic speech, the Franks and other Teutonic tribes, and later the Northmen, accepting the speech of the people they conquered, It is divided chronologically into Old French and modern French, the former extending from the ninth century to the fourteenth, or, with the convenient inclusion (as usually in this dictionary) of what is specifically called Middle French, to the sixteenth century. Old French existed in many dialects, the phrase, indeed, when unqualified or undiscriminated, including the aggregate of such dialects. The most important were the dialect of the Ile de France, which, as the “French of Paris,” has become the modern literary French; and that of Normandy, the Norman or Norman French, which, transferred to England at the Conquest and there developed (as Anglo-French), gave much to and took much from the English, and was finally displaced by the mixed English speech thus formed. (See English.) By later borrowing from French, or from the Latin on the French model, the Romanic part of the English vocabulary is now to a great extent nearly identical with that of French. As the most central and highly developed of the Romance dialects, French began, in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, to take the place of Latin as the general language of diplomacy, polite society, and commerce. Its importance in this respect has much diminished in the present century. It is now drawn upon by other languages chiefly for terms of fine art, dress, and cookery. The use of accents as a customary part of French orthography began in the seventeenth century; they now form a rigid artificial system, often a guide to pronunciation, and reflecting generally, but with numerous exceptions, previous etymological conditions of the words concerned. Regarded as a Romance language, French is remarkable for its departure from the Latin type. In its vowel and consonant system (notably in its nasal vowels), its sweeping contractions, and its general destruction of final sounds or syllables, with the retention in many cases of these lost sounds in spelling, it differs markedly from other Romance tongues.
    • n french Collectively, the people of France.
    • french To prepare according to the French mode.
    • french To dress, as a chop, by partly freeing the bones.
    • french In metallurgy, to carry out the last step in the refining of metallic antimony, by which ‘bowl metal’ is converted into ‘star metal.’
    • french [lowercase] In botany, to appear distorted and unnatural, owing to some abnormal condition of the plant. See frenching.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The magnolia tree is named after Pierre Magnol, a French scientist.
    • adj French frensh belonging to France or its people
    • n French the people or language of France
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Quotations

  • James French
    James French
    “How about this for a headline for tomorrow's paper? French fries.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “Your old virginity is like one of our French withered pears: it looks ill, it eats dryly.”
  • Renee Repound
    Renee Repound
    “We French found it and called it joie de vivre -- the joy of living.”
  • Charles V
    Charles V
    “I speak Spanish to God, Italian to women, French to men and German to my horse.”
  • J. Finod De
    J. Finod De
    “There is a French saying: Love is the dawn of marriage, and marriage is the sunset of love.”
  • Francis Bacon
    Francis%20Bacon
    “The French are wiser than they seem, and the Spaniards seem wiser than they are.”

Idioms

French leave - To take French leave is to leave a gathering without saying goodbye or without permission.
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French letter - A French letter is a condom.
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If you'll pardon my French - (UK) This idiom is used as a way of apologising for swearing.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. frencisc, LL. franciscus, from L. Francus, a Frank: cf. OF. franceis, franchois, françois, F. français. See Frank (a.), and cf. Frankish

Usage

In literature:

Montagu did not intercept the French merchantmen, and did not help to crush the French men-of-war.
"Lectures on the French Revolution" by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
A storm worked havoc among the French ships, and it suited the French Government to give up the expedition.
"The Red True Story Book" by Various
This was but the beginning of the great struggle that we had with the French for seven long years.
"Ben Comee" by M. J. (Michael Joseph) Canavan
His library consisted of French books; at his table nothing was heard but French conversation.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
I also saw them on the street as they were being conducted by a French reserve officer and guarded by French reserve troops.
"The Red Watch" by J. A. Currie
I didn't see the French guns, I didn't see the German trenches, I didn't see the French line.
"They Shall Not Pass" by Frank H. Simonds
Von Kluck had marched into a bag between the Fifth French Army on the Marne and the newly formed Sixth French Army advancing to the Ourcq.
"The War in the Air; Vol. 1" by Walter Raleigh
The other three people with us were French, and the major could not speak their language.
"A Padre in France" by George A. Birmingham
It was a French victory, organized by French genius and won by French soldiers.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume I (of 8)" by Various
The first French patent on an improved French drip pot for making coffee "by filtration without boiling" was granted to Hadrot in 1806.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
I am proposing only that we act before the French do.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
But he hoped within such time the French or British would march to his relief.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume II (of VIII)" by Various
The French trenches were abolished, the French line was threatened, and the German army overflowed south in great force.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume V (of 8)"
In two days the French took over 350 prisoners in this sector.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume VI (of VIII)" by Various
A company of French comedians gave a performance, in French, of the opera "The Mistress and Maid" at Baltimore, Md.
"Annals of Music in America" by Henry Charles Lahee
On the French side two French battleplanes were flying at a great altitude; I could not reach them.
"An Aviator's Field Book" by Oswald Bölcke
And I've had to deal a lot with the French people up toward French Village.
"The Shepherd of the North" by Richard Aumerle Maher
A French soldier found me and took me with him to the home of some French people.
"The Campfire Girls on the Field of Honor" by Margaret Vandercook
Strew these shreds over each portion and, just before serving, marinate each with French Dressing.
"Fifty-Two Sunday Dinners" by Elizabeth O. Hiller
Meanwhile the French under Massena were hemmed in in Genoa by an English fleet and an Austrian army.
"The Scrap Book, Volume 1, No. 1" by Various
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In poetry:

The gallant French are storming
The Huns with iron hail;
They've given Fritz a warning,
And limburger is stale.
"German Securities Fall" by Abner Cosens
And the handkerchief of French lace
Which you held to your face-
Had a small tear left a stain?
Or was it the rain?
"Roses and Rue" by Oscar Wilde
We spoke of French acting and actors,
And their easy, natural way:
Of the weather, for it was raining,
As we drove home from the play.
"An Ember Picture" by James Russell Lowell
'Twas said that we'd no business there
A-topperèn the French for disagreën;
However, that's not my affair—
We were at Valencieën.
"Valenciennes" by Thomas Hardy
"A French Queen shall bear the son,
Shall rule all Britain to the sea;
He of the Bruce's blood shall come,
As near as in the ninth degree.
"Thomas the Rhymer" by Sir Walter Scott
Get next to how the French Villon,
Before Jack Hangman yanked him high,
Quilled slangy guff and Frenchy stuff
And kicked up rough the same as I.
"An Inside Con to Refined Guys" by Wallace Irwin

In news:

His warmhearted comedy of underdog working-class solidarity, made with a mixed Finnish-French-Senegalese cast in the French port city Le Havre , was the most warmly received movie—at least by the press—shown last May in Cannes.
Lucas Léger writes in The Wall Street Journal Europe about PSA Peugeot Citroën and the Socialist French government's response to weaknesses in the French car sector.
PARIS – The French presidency has awarded Austrian veteran filmmaker Michael Haneke its highest national honor, that of Knight of the French Legion of Honor .
While I love French fries as much as the next girl (especially with mayonnaise, Francais-style) I'm just unsure as to whether or not Fred Flare's French-fry-flavored lip balm is as good as the original.
Jean-Baptiste Lully was the great operatic composer of the high French Baroque, the man who defined French opera in the age of Louis XIV.
French's Diner first opened its doors in the spring of 1950, and owner French Johnson ran the diner for around seven years before he passed away.
The Chicago French Market is hosting its Marche de Noel French Christmas market.
Valerie Pajotin French wine will soon be "like Coca-Cola", according to a senior French wine official.
A French fighter jet fired Saturday on a Libyan military vehicle , the first reported offensive action in an international military operation against Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi's forces, a French defense official said.
Government Hacked Into French Presidential Office, Spied on Senior Officials, Says a French News Report .
Today's episodes feature French Tarts, Quiche Lorraine, and French Onion Soup.
Former French justice minister Rachida Dati is launching a paternity suit Tuesday against a French businessman she claims is the father of her daughter, an attorney for the businessman confirmed.
French Polynesia South Seas Tour, French Countryside and Japan Plants And Gardens Tour.
The building for the new French National Library (the Bibliothéque de France) that is just about to be constructed in Paris is a threat to French culture.
Ms Mabinty shouted, using the French that serves as a common language for Senegal , Guinea and other former French West African colonies whose citizens were rooting for the Senegal team.
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In science:

Revoy, Alg`ebres de Weyl en caract´eristique p (French) C. R.
Dualizing Complexes and Tilting Complexes over Simple Rings
Ferrand, Fonctions pr´eharmoniques et fonctions pr´eholomorphes. (French) Bul l.
Determining the Genus of a Map by Local Observation of a Simple Random Process
This is the classic result of Mon and French : the ensemble-averaged density of states of the k -body random-interaction model is Gaussian.
Spectral statistics of the k-body random-interaction model
Translated from the 1978 French original by R.
Base locus of linear systems on the blowing-up of P^3 along at most 8 general points
Gabriel, Sur la dimension des anneaux et ensembles ordonn´es. (French) C. R.
Gelfand-Kirillov dimension of commutative subalgebras of simple infinite dimensional algebras and their quotient division algebras
Physique, 42 (1982) 167, in French. A transition to chaos from quasiperiodicity —without frequency locking—, at the same time that a very low frequency noise appears, was detected.
Direct transition to high-dimensional chaos through a global bifurcation
Tome I: G´eom´etrie alg´ebrique, g´en´eralit´es, groupes commutatifs. (French) Masson & Cie, diteur, Paris; NorthHolland Publishing Co., Amsterdam, 1970.
Automorphisms and twisted loop algebras of finite dimensional simple Lie superalgebras
French, in Isospin in Nuclear Physics, edited by D.H.
Regularities with random interactions in energy centroids defined by group symmetries
Gabriel, Sur la dimension des anneaux et ensembles ordonn´es. (French) C. R.
Filter Dimension
The only exception is the model of a single j –shell for which the limit j → ∞ is meaningful (it shares this property with French’s embedded ensembles).
The Two-Body Random Ensemble in Nuclei
Translated from the French by Moses Klein and revised by the author.
Integration in valued fields
II, Cambridge Studies in Advanced Mathematics, vol. 77, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2003, Translated from the French by Leila Schneps.
Non-genericity of infinitesimal variations of Hodge structures arising in some geometric contexts
Translated from the French original by Leila Schneps.
Generalized Abel-Jacobi map on Lawson homology
York, 1977, Translated from the second French edition by Leonard L.
Fields of moduli and fields of definition of curves
Gabriel, Groupes alg´ebriques, Tome I: G´eom´etrie alg´ebrique, g´en´eralit´es, groupes commutatifs (French), Masson and Cie Editeur, North-Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam, 1970. [DK78] A. S. Dˇzumadildaev, A. I.
Infinitesimal deformations of restricted simple Lie algebras I
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