• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Externalism (Metaph) That philosophy or doctrine which recognizes or deals only with externals, or objects of sense perception; positivism; phenomenalism.
    • Externalism The quality of being manifest to the senses; external acts or appearances; regard for externals. "This externalism gave Catholicism a great advantage on all sides."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The external tank on space shuttles is not painted. It is the only part of the shuttle that is lost after launch, so it is not necessary to worry about metal corrosion.
    • n externalism Same as phenomenalism.
    • n externalism Attention or devotion to externals; especially, undue regard to externals, as of religion.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Chameleons change their color by dispersing the concentration of pigment in their skin. This is controlled by the autonomic nervous system. Color changes are determined by external factors such as light and temperature as well as emotions. They do not change color to match their background.
    • ns Externalism undue regard to mere externals or non-essential outward forms, esp. of religion
    • ***


  • William James
    “Men's activities are occupied into ways -- in grappling with external circumstances and in striving to set things at one in their own topsy-turvy mind.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    “Nothing external to you has any power over you.”
  • Samuel Johnson
    “He that would be superior to external influences must first become superior to his own passions.”
  • Seneca
    “The pressure of adversity does not affect the mind of the brave man. It is more powerful than external circumstances.”
  • W. Clement Stone
    “Bondage is... subjection to external influences and internal negative thoughts and attitudes.”
  • Plotinus
    “God is not external to anyone, but is present with all things, though they are ignorant that he is so.”


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. externusexter.


In literature:

When such a period of scarcity arises, he proceeds immediately to adjust himself to this external change.
"Natural Law in the Spiritual World" by Henry Drummond
The temperament is indicated by the manner in which the horse responds to external stimuli.
"Special Report on Diseases of the Horse" by United States Department of Agriculture
It has no external passageway, and probably the entrance was from the roof.
"Archeological Expedition to Arizona in 1895" by Jesse Walter Fewkes
Then the selection is positive and is pursued by external and physical sanctions.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
We may take a just pride in its external aspect.
"The Young Maiden" by A. B. (Artemas Bowers) Muzzey
And thus it is with the general human intellect, as regards the phenomena of the external world.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
The judgment we should give in such a case would be based upon an external factor, not upon internal potentialities.
"Spontaneous Activity in Education" by Maria Montessori
From a psychological point of view the right policy would be to reduce the external temptations, above all, the opportunities for contact.
"Psychology and Social Sanity" by Hugo Münsterberg
External: Will of God.
"The World's Greatest Books--Volume 14--Philosophy and Economics" by Various
Furthermore, philosophy should not aim to restrain science by the imposition of external barriers.
"The Approach to Philosophy" by Ralph Barton Perry
It cannot be destroyed, because external enemies consolidate it.
"The Jewish State" by Theodor Herzl
He recognised the boy's external amiability, but felt convinced that this merely covered and concealed a decayed soul.
"The Goose Man" by Jacob Wassermann
This in outline is the course of procedure as it appears to an external observer.
"Territory in Bird Life" by H. Eliot Howard
When He crowns man with glory and honour, He does this, not by an external ordinance merely, but by an inward fitness.
"The Expositor's Bible: The Epistle to the Hebrews" by Thomas Charles Edwards
Both internally and externally the drug is a powerful irritant.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 4" by Various
Accordingly, though a bone be as hard as stone externally, it is by no means as heavy as stone, by reason of its light interior texture.
"A Treatise on Physiology and Hygiene" by Joseph Chrisman Hutchison
It is externally what the Apostle calls an "earthen vessel," being the religion of men.
"An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine" by John Henry Cardinal Newman
External troubles continued to multiply during Henry's earlier years.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 5" by Various
One word as to mere externals.
"History of American Socialisms" by John Humphrey Noyes
These were the last moments of external lifeless unity for which a new spiritual living unity was about to be substituted.
"History of the Reformation in the Sixteenth Century, Vol 2" by J. H. Merle D'Aubigné

In poetry:

There's wet snow on your lashes
And in your eyes, distress,
And your external image
Is all, all of apiece.
"Meeting" by Boris Pasternak
Q. What is the visible, external part
Of that blest feast, or Sacrament divine,
That seals the promis'd grace? tell me by heart —
Tell me, I say, what is its outward sign?
"The Lord's Prayer" by Rees Prichard
External and innate dimensions hold
The living forms, but not the force of life;
For that interior and holy tree
That in the heart of hearts outlives the world
Spreads earthly shade into eternity.
"Seed" by Kathleen Raine
What fields are as fragrant as your hands?
You feel how external fragrance stands
upon your stronger resistance.
Stars stand in images above.
Give me your mouth to soften, love;
ah, your hair is all in idleness.
"What Fields Are As Fragrant As Your Hands?" by Rainer Maria Rilke
"And that one is I; and I am projected from thee,
One that out of thy brain and heart thou causest to be -
Extern to thee nothing. Grieve not, nor thyself becall,
Woo where thou wilt; and rejoice thou canst love at all!
"Rome: The Vatican-Sala Delle Muse." by Thomas Hardy
"Pure art is here, that has no reference
To anything external does not tie
Itself to apron-strings of moral sense,
Or flatter bourgeois minds with mimicry
Of actual objects, or give weak assent
To fussy vanity or sentiment.
"The Idol" by George Rostrevor Hamilton

In news:

Europe is struggling to find its place in the new global economy because of 'domestic' issues, not external factors (like a rising China or trade disadvantages).
In today's business world, landlines are becoming almost as obsolete as external hard drives and dial up.
QuickerTek's new MAB external battery uses the MagSafe 2.
Eschbach, director of communications and external affairs for New Jersey American Water, talks about high pressure, high temperature fusing of new raw water main pipe that will be submerged beneath the reservoir.
Malingering is recognized as the intentional production of false or grossly exaggerated symptoms motivated by external gain.
EPA announced in the July 26 Federal Register a 60-day public comment period for the External Review Draft of Microbial Risk Assessment Guideline: Pathogenic Microorganisms with Focus on Food and in Water.
He had been treated for three months with external fixation, followed by long leg casting.
Can protests produce regime change, and what kind of external support would help.
The new version has features that improve usability in studio environments and connection to external systems and data sources.
Since the dawn of time, companies have waged high-profile internal and external wars against their competitors.
Strategy is very much about synchronizing the enterprise with its external environment as much as possible.
Another common way to synchronize motion is triggering from an external event or position.
Two virtual analog style oscillators, two PCM based oscillators, a noise oscillator and an external oscillator via mic and line inputs can be combined to make up a single solo synth tone.
This data logger has an internal temperature sensor and one external input for J, K, T, E, R, S, B, and N thermocouples .
Hot-Surface Warning Light Requires no External Power.

In science:

An external 10 GHz clock signal determines the bit generation rate, and a second external trigger signal is used to initiate the data acquisition process, ensuring that both BERTs acquire simultaneous and synchronous records.
Scalable parallel physical random number generator based on a superluminescent LED
BT ξ (t), where η is the friction constant, V (x, λ) is an external potential, f (λ) is an external nonconservative force, and ξ (t) is the Gaussian white noise satisfying hξ (t)ξ (t′ )i = δ(t − t′ ).
Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics of Feedback Control
Since the active external line of a melon is always chosen to be the one touching the vertex λ, the root melon in an arbitrary graph is the one containing the external point ¯λ, e.g. M1 in figure 7.
A generalization of the Virasoro algebra to arbitrary dimensions
Namely, when an external random field is added to the Hamiltonian, in the conservative, non gradient case (see [MO]), one needs to take the external force weakly dependent on the field randomness.
Quenched large deviations for Glauber evolution with Kac interaction and Random Field
In this experiment a group of core/shell CdSe/ZnS NQDs with external diameter of ∼ 6.5 nm, attached to the apex of the NSOM probe, are brought into close proximity to a second group of CdSe/ZnS NQDs with external diameter of ∼ 8.5 nm, which are deposited on the flat part of a solid immersion lens (SIL).
Measurement of the separation dependence of resonant energy transfer between CdSe/ZnS core/shell nanocrystallite quantum dots
We choose a random node uniformly distributed on the set of all current external nodes, change it to an internal one and add the b children of this new node to the set of external nodes.
On tail bounds for random recursive trees
Langevin equations are usually written down according to the following phenomenological scheme: one starts with a deterministic equation, e.g. dx/dt = 0 in the absence of any external force, and adds a noise term which mimics the interactions of the system with its external environment.
On stochastic differential equations with random delay
Furthermore the set of edges of color 0 is partitioned into internal and external lines of color 0, E 0 (G ) = E 0 int(G ) ∪ E 0 ext (G ), such that the internal lines connect two internal vertices and the external lines connect an external and an internal vertex5 .
Universality for Random Tensors
Both graphs have four external lines and four external vertices.
Universality for Random Tensors
The external faces f ∈ F (0,i) ext necessarily start and end on two external vertices u and ¯u, f = (u, ¯u).
Universality for Random Tensors
For every graph G we build the boundary graph ∂ G having a vertex u (resp. ¯u) for every external vertex of G and a line of color i joining a u and a ¯u for every external face f = (u, ¯u) ∈ F (0,i) ext of G .
Universality for Random Tensors
We build the open graph ˜Gmin obtained from Gmin by deleting the lines (v , ¯v ) and (w, ¯w ) and adding four external vertices ˜¯v , ˜v , ˜¯w and ˜w hooked to v , ¯v , w and ¯w respectively by external lines of color 0, as in figure 8.
Universality for Random Tensors
Thus the dashed lines of color 0 fall into two categories: internal joining two tensors (that is black and white vertices) on two effective interactions H and H′ and external joining an external vertex with an internal vertex on some H.
Universality for Random Tensors
Note also that neither the external vertices of G (s) , nor its internal vertices hooked by a line of color 0 to external vertices can be deleted.
Universality for Random Tensors
The final graph G (smax ) has 4k vertices, 2k coinciding with the external vertices of G and 2k with the internal vertices of G hooked to external vertices by external lines of color 0.
Universality for Random Tensors