neriobotryaA genus of plants of the family Malaceæ. They are small trees with evergreen leaves, racemose-paniculate inflorescence covered with woolly hairs, thick 5-toothed calyx, crenulate petals, and 3–5 seeds, one in each compartment of the fruit. There are about 10 species, natives of eastern Asia. The loquat, Eriobotrya Japonica (Photinia Japonica of Gray), sometimes erroneously called Japanese plum and Japanese medlar, is practically the only representative of this genus grown in the United States. It is hardy in the Gulf States, where it is grown for the small, acid, yellow, plum-like fruits. The flowers are white and are borne in terminal clusters late in the season; the fruits mature in the following spring.
There are two common species of Eriobotrya grown in landscapes, and both have large, heavily veined evergreen leaves.