• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Erastian (Eccl. Hist) One of the followers of Thomas Erastus, a German physician and theologian of the 16th century. He held that the punishment of all offenses should be referred to the civil power, and that holy communion was open to all. In the present day, an Erastian is one who would see the church placed entirely under the control of the State.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • erastian Pertaining to Thomas Erastus, a Swiss polemic (1524–83), author of a work on excommunication, in which he purposed to restrict the jurisdiction of the church. Erastianism, or the doctrine of state supremacy in ecclesiastical matters, is often, but erroneously, attributed to him.
    • n erastian One who maintains the doctrines held by or attributed to Erastus.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Erastian e-rast′yan a follower of Thomas Erastus (1524-83), a Swiss physician, who denied the church the right to inflict excommunication and disciplinary penalties: one who minimises the spiritual independence of the church, subordinating her jurisdiction to the state—a position not held by Erastus at all
    • adj Erastian relating to the Erastians or their doctrines
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In literature:

The new system was, in principle, scarcely less Erastian than that which it displaced.
"The History of England from the Accession of James II." by Thomas Babington Macaulay
He had protested against all Erastianism, against all compromise.
"The History of England from the Accession of James II." by Thomas Babington Macaulay
This extreme Erastianism had its roots in Indian as well as Chinese ideas.
"Hinduism and Buddhism, An Historical Sketch, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Charles Eliot
Obviously, if this is 'Erastianism,' it is of an unusual kind.
"Historical Mysteries" by Andrew Lang
The State exerted an Erastian control of the Church, and the Church yielded submission.
"The Covenants And The Covenanters" by Various
Their usual gifts, they thought, had left them, on account of their submission, which was stigmatized as Erastianism.
"The History of England in Three Volumes, Vol.I., Part F. From Charles II. to James II." by David Hume
It may be Liberalism, or Erastianism, or Popery, or Catholicity; but it will be real.
"Apologia pro Vita Sua" by John Henry Newman
Lord Derby, I think, early began to escape from the erastian yoke which weighed upon Peel.
"The Life of William Ewart Gladstone, Vol. 1 (of 3)" by John Morley
Abbot had no mercy for Erastians.
"History of the English People" by John Richard Green
He follows Hobbes and is a thorough-going Erastian.
"The Life of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, Bart., K.C.S.I." by Sir Leslie Stephen

In poetry:

When Man is the Turk, and the Atheist,
Essene, Erastian, Whig,
And the Thug and the Druse and the Catholic
And the crew of the Captain's gig.
"The Higher Unity" by Gilbert Keith Chesterton