Eastern Church

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Eastern Church the Catholic Church as it existed in the Byzantine Empire
    • n Eastern Church derived from the Byzantine Church and adhering to Byzantine rites
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Eastern Church That portion of the Christian church which prevails in the countries once comprised in the Eastern Roman Empire and the countries converted to Christianity by missionaries from them. Its full official title is The Orthodox Catholic Apostolic Eastern Church. It became estranged from the Western, or Roman, Church over the question of papal supremacy and the doctrine of the filioque, and a separation, begun in the latter part of the 9th century, became final in 1054. The Eastern Church consists of twelve (thirteen if the Bulgarian Church be included) mutually independent churches (including among these the Hellenic Church, or Church of Greece, and the Russian Church), using the vernacular (or some ancient form of it) in divine service and varying in many points of detail, but standing in full communion with each other and united as equals in a great federation. The highest five authorities are the patriarch of Constantinople, or ecumenical patriarch (whose position is not one of supremacy, but of precedence), the patriarch of Alexandria, the patriarch of Jerusalem, the patriarch of Antioch, and the Holy Synod of Russia. The Eastern Church accepts the first seven ecumenical councils (and is hence styled only schismatic, not heretical, by the Roman Catholic Church), has as its creed the Niceno-Constantinopolitan (without the later addition of the filioque, which, with the doctrine it represents, the church decisively rejects), baptizes infants with trine immersion, makes confirmation follow immediately upon baptism, administers the Communion in both kinds (using leavened bread) and to infants as well as adults, permits its secular clergy to marry before ordination and to keep their wives afterward, but not to marry a second time, selects its bishops from the monastic clergy only, recognizes the offices of bishop, priest, and deacon as the three necessary degrees of orders, venerates relics and icons, and has an elaborate ritual. See also Greek Church, under Greek.
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Usage

In literature:

The church of St. Herbland, for instance, once stood at its eastern extremity, opposite the Cathedral.
"The Story of Rouen" by Sir Theodore Andrea Cook
Beneath the whole eastern part of the church extends the magnificent crypt.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Rochester" by G. H. Palmer
In Eastern Europe the Greek Church fell under almost complete subordination to the State.
"Studies in Literature and History" by Sir Alfred Comyn Lyall
How should the eloquence of the church prevail over this Eastern Mammon?
"The Bertrams" by Anthony Trollope
The voyvode belonged to the Orthodox Eastern Church.
"Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 1 of 8" by Various
Oakwood Cemetery is beautifully situated in the Eastern part of the town on the site of the old Methodist Church.
"A Virginia Village" by Charles A. Stewart
One kind of Church seems better adapted to the needs of Englishmen; Eastern peoples prefer a different style.
"A History of Giggleswick School" by Edward Allen Bell
They were the rigorists of the eastern church.
"Monophysitism Past and Present" by A. A. Luce
Can any of your correspondents inform me in what language it is used in the Eastern Churches?
"Notes and Queries, Number 232, April 8, 1854" by Various
But though the Eastern and Western empires were broken apart, the Church was one.
"Aunt Charlotte's Stories of Greek History" by Charlotte M. Yonge
Dr. Doellinger begins his survey of the churches that have renounced the Pope with those of the Eastern schism.
"The History of Freedom" by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
The Eastern Church, then, throughout the middle ages, remained true in every particular to her ancient character.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 3" by Various
Every church has three altars at the eastern end in three contiguous chapels.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 3" by Various
Eastern Sub-Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian Church.
"Discussion on American Slavery" by George Thompson
It is an independent Eastern Orthodox church headed by a patriarch in Bucharest.
"Area Handbook for Romania" by Eugene K. Keefe, Donald W. Bernier, Lyle E. Brenneman, William Giloane, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
Nearly all the rest of the people, except the Jews and about 3000 Mahommedans, belong to the Orthodox Eastern Church.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 6" by Various
The canon law of the other Eastern Churches had no marked influence on the collections of the Western Church, so we need not speak of it here.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 2" by Various
Maria presso San Satiro, and the eastern portion of the church of Sta.
"Architecture" by Thomas Roger Smith
Eastern Church, 17, 21, 23.
"The Story of Our Hymns" by Ernest Edwin Ryden
The hagiography of the Eastern and the Greek church also has been the subject of important publications.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 7" by Various
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In poetry:

Beneath the burning eastern sky
The Cross was raised at morn:
The widowed Church to weep stood by,
The world, to hate and scorn.
"Gunpowder Treason" by John Keble

In news:

They were united in marriage on Sept 28, 1952, at the Holy Ressurection Eastern Orthodox Church in Steubenville with the Rev.
It is the more important feast in the eastern and oriental Churches.
Archbishop Timothy Dolan spent Easter Week in Lebanon and Syria visiting the ancient Eastern churches in communion with Rome.
A small church in Eastern Kentucky is drawing plenty of criticism for its decision to ban interracial couples from joining, and participating in church activities.
Medina Journal-Register — KENDALL — A Roman Catholic nun who served at a pair of parishes in Eastern Orleans County has been formally charged with the theft of thousands of dollars in church funds.
One of these is the high altar in the Church of St James in Levo?a in eastern Slovakia.
Newman was a homemaker, a member of the New Paradise Baptist Church in Greenville and a member of the Hazel Creek Eastern Star.
Carmon was a member of Leau Fraiz Methodist Church and Order of Eastern Star in Lono.
We also have a "Belief and Practice" segment on chanting in Eastern Orthodox churches, where this is Palm Sunday.
The patriarch of a Damascus-based Eastern Orthodox Church, Ignatius Hazim, has died in a Beirut hospital.
George Orthodox Church on Lennon Road (behind Kohls) invites you to join them this weekend for food, music, dancing and fun at the Middle Eastern Festival.
40-year-old bishop chosen to head the largest Eastern-rite Church.
Visitation will be from 10 am Saturday, Nov 10, until funeral services at 11 am at Grace Baptist Church, 4650 E Port Clinton Eastern Road, Port Clinton.
Middle Eastern chaos raises the ultimate question for the church: What will we do with Israel.
She was a florist, life time member of the Eastern Star in Dunkirk,Indiana, and a member of the Mt Talbor United Methodist Church in Dunkirk,Indiana.
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