Down

Definitions

  • LOOKING DOWN ON THE SAN GABRIEL VALLEY
    LOOKING DOWN ON THE SAN GABRIEL VALLEY
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj down filled with melancholy and despondency "gloomy at the thought of what he had to face","gloomy predictions","a gloomy silence","took a grim view of the economy","the darkening mood","lonely and blue in a strange city","depressed by the loss of his job","a dispirited and resigned expression on her face","downcast after his defeat","feeling discouraged and downhearted"
    • adj down not functioning (temporarily or permanently) "we can't work because the computer is down"
    • adj down shut "the shades were down"
    • adj down lower than previously "the market is depressed","prices are down"
    • adj down understood perfectly "had his algebra problems down"
    • adj down being put out by a strikeout "two down in the bottom of the ninth"
    • adj down extending or moving from a higher to a lower place "the down staircase","the downward course of the stream"
    • adj down becoming progressively lower "the down trend in the real estate market"
    • adj down being or moving lower in position or less in some value "lay face down","the moon is down","our team is down by a run","down by a pawn","the stock market is down today"
    • adv down spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level or position "don't fall down","rode the lift up and skied down","prices plunged downward"
    • adv down away from a more central or a more northerly place "was sent down to work at the regional office","worked down on the farm","came down for the wedding","flew down to Florida"
    • adv down paid in cash at time of purchase "put ten dollars down on the necklace"
    • adv down in an inactive or inoperative state "the factory went down during the strike","the computer went down again"
    • adv down to a lower intensity "he slowly phased down the light until the stage was completely black"
    • adv down from an earlier time "the story was passed down from father to son"
    • v down improve or perfect by pruning or polishing "refine one's style of writing"
    • v down bring down or defeat (an opponent)
    • v down eat immoderately "Some people can down a pound of meat in the course of one meal"
    • v down drink down entirely "He downed three martinis before dinner","She killed a bottle of brandy that night","They popped a few beer after work"
    • v down cause to come or go down "The policeman downed the heavily armed suspect","The mugger knocked down the old lady after she refused to hand over her wallet"
    • v down shoot at and force to come down "the enemy landed several of our aircraft"
    • n down (American football) a complete play to advance the football "you have four downs to gain ten yards"
    • n down soft fine feathers
    • n down fine soft dense hair (as the fine short hair of cattle or deer or the wool of sheep or the undercoat of certain dogs)
    • n down (usually plural) a rolling treeless highland with little soil
    • n Down English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828-1896)
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

STARTING DOWN THE TRAIL STARTING DOWN THE TRAIL
Now I Lay Me Down to Sleep 094 Now I Lay Me Down to Sleep 094
Tumbled rocks leading down to the tree-edged water Tumbled rocks leading down to the tree-edged water
DOWN IN THE PADDYFIELDS DOWN IN THE PADDYFIELDS
The princess reaches down from her window The princess reaches down from her window
Sis Opened Her Eyes and Sat Down Sis Opened Her Eyes and Sat Down
The sleigh turned upside down The sleigh turned upside down
Hold Her Down, Tom Hold Her Down, Tom

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Medical research has found substances in mistletoe that can slow down tumor growth
    • Down A bank or rounded hillock of sand thrown up by the wind along or near the shore; a flattish-topped hill; -- usually in the plural. "Hills afford prospects, as they must needs acknowledge who have been on the downs of Sussex.""She went by dale, and she went by down ."
    • Down A road for shipping in the English Channel or Straits of Dover, near Deal, employed as a naval rendezvous in time of war. "On the 11th [June, 1771] we run up the channel . . . at noon we were abreast of Dover, and about three came to an anchor in the Downs , and went ashore at Deal."
    • Down A state of depression; low state; abasement. "It the downs of life too much outnumber the ups."
    • Down A tract of poor, sandy, undulating or hilly land near the sea, covered with fine turf which serves chiefly for the grazing of sheep; -- usually in the plural. "Seven thousand broad-tailed sheep grazed on his downs ."
    • Down Downcast; as, a down look.
    • Down Downright; absolute; positive; as, a down denial.
    • Down Downward; going down; sloping; as, a down stroke; a down grade; a down train on a railway.
    • Down Fine, soft, hairy outgrowth from the skin or surface of animals or plants, not matted and fleecy like wool
    • Down From a greater to a less bulk, or from a thinner to a thicker consistence; as, to boil down in cookery, or in making decoctions.
    • Down From a higher to a lower position, literally or figuratively; in a descending direction; from the top of an ascent; from an upright position; to the ground or floor; to or into a lower or an inferior condition; as, into a state of humility, disgrace, misery, and the like; into a state of rest; -- used with verbs indicating motion.
    • Down From a remoter or higher antiquity. "Venerable men! you have come down to us from a former generation."
    • Down Hence: Towards the mouth of a river; towards the sea; as, to sail or swim down a stream; to sail down the sound.
    • Down In a descending direction along; from a higher to a lower place upon or within; at a lower place in or on; as, down a hill; down a well.
    • Down In a low or the lowest position, literally or figuratively; at the bottom of a descent; below the horizon; on the ground; in a condition of humility, dejection, misery, and the like; in a state of quiet.
    • Down In the direction of gravity or toward the center of the earth; toward or in a lower place or position; below; -- the opposite of up.
    • Down That which is made of down, as a bed or pillow; that which affords ease and repose, like a bed of down "When in the down I sink my head,
      Sleep, Death's twin brother, times my breath."
      "Thou bosom softness, down of all my cares!"
    • Down The pubescence of plants; the hairy crown or envelope of the seeds of certain plants, as of the thistle.
    • Down The soft hair of the face when beginning to appear.
    • Down The soft under feathers of birds. They have short stems with soft rachis and bards and long threadlike barbules, without hooklets.
    • v. t Down To cause to go down; to make descend; to put down; to overthrow, as in wrestling; hence, to subdue; to bring down. "To down proud hearts.""I remember how you downed Beauclerk and Hamilton, the wits, once at our house."
    • v. t Down doun To cover, ornament, line, or stuff with down.
    • v. i Down To go down; to descend.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Every day, over five billion gallons of water are flushed down toilets in the United States
    • n down A hill; a hill of moderate elevation and more or less rounded outline: in this general sense now chiefly in poetry, as opposed to dale, vale, valley.
    • n down Same as dune.
    • n down Hence A bare, level space on the top of a hill; more generally, a high, rolling region not covered by forests.
    • n down plural Specifically, certain districts in southern and southeastern England which are underlain by the Chalk (which see). These districts are considerably elevated above the adjacent areas, and are dry in consequence of the absorbent nature of the underlying rock. They are not forest-covered, but form natural pastures, and are largely given over to sheep-raising. The North Downs are in Kent, England; the South Downs, in Sussex. The one is to the north, the other to the south, of the remarkable district known as the Weald (which see). Various other areas of similar character are called downs, and to this word there is often some geographical prefix, as the Marlborough Downs. When used to designate an area of considerable extent, the word is always made plural, and means simply the hills, or the highlands. A limited portion of this high, rolling region is often called the down.
    • down In a descending direction; from a higher to a lower place, degree, or condition: as, to look down; to run down; the temperature is down to zero.
    • down In a direction from a source or starting-point, from a more to a less important place or situation, or the like: as, to sail down toward the mouth of a stream; to go down into the country.
    • down In a descending order; from that which is higher or earlier in a series or progression to that which is lower or later.
    • down In music, from a more acute to a less acute pitch.
    • down From a greater to a less bulk, degree of consistency, etc.: as, to boil down a decoction.
    • down To or at a lower rate or point, as to price, demand, etc.; below a standard or requirement: as, to mark down goods or the prices of goods; the stocks sold down to a very low figure; to beat down a tradesman.
    • down Below the horizon: as, the sun or moon is down.
    • down From an erect or standing to a prostrate or overturned position or condition: as, to beat down the walls of a city; to knock a man down.
    • down In or into a low, fallen, overturned, prostrate, or downcast position or condition, as a state of discomfiture; at the bottom or lowest point, either literally or figuratively: as, never kick a man when he is down; to put down a rebellion; to be taken down with a fever.
    • down Hence Into disrepute or disgrace; so as to discredit or defeat: as, to preach down error; to write down an opponent or his character; to run down a business enterprise.
    • down On or to the ground.
    • down On the counter; hence, in hand: as, he bought it for cash down; he paid part down and gave his note for the balance.
    • down Elliptically: in an imperative or interjectional use, the imperative verb (go, come, get, fall, kneel. etc.) being omitted. Used absolutely: as, down! dog, down!
    • down Followed by with, being then equivalent to a transitive verb with down (put, pull, take down), in either a literal or a denunciatory sense: as, down with the sail! down with it! down with tyranny!
    • down On paper or in a book: with write, jot, set, put, or other verb applicable to writing.
    • down In place, position, or occupation; firmly; closely.
    • down In a descending direction upon or along, either literally, as from a higher toward a lower level or position, or from a point or place which is regarded as higher; adown: as, to glance down a page; to ramble down the valley; to sail down a stream; an excursion down the bay; down the road.
    • down Along the course or progress of: as, down the ages.
    • down Cast or directed downward; downcast; de-jected: as, a down look.
    • down Downright; plain; positive.
    • down Downward; that goes down, or on a road regarded as down: as, a down train or boat.
    • down The accent or pulse thus marked.
    • n down A downward movement; a low state; a reverse: as, the ups and downs of fortune.
    • down To cause to go down. To put, throw, or knock down; overthrow; subdue: as, to down a man with a blow.
    • down To discourage; dishearten; dispirit.
    • down To go down. To descend; sink; fall.
    • down To go down the throat; hence, to be palatable; be acceptable or trustworthy.
    • n down The fine soft covering of fowls under the feathers; the fine soft feathers which constitute the under plumage of birds, as distinguished from contour-feathers, particularly when thick and copious, as in swans, ducks, and other water-fowls. The eider-duck yields most of the down of commerce. See down-feather.
    • n down The first feathering of a bird; the downy plumage or floccus with which a præcocial bird is clothed when hatched, or that which an altricial bird first acquires.
    • n down The soft hair of the human face when beginning to appear.
    • n down A fine soft pubescence upon plants and some fruits; also, the light feathery pappus or coma upon seeds by which they are borne upon the wind, as in the dandelion and thistle.
    • down In stud poker, said of the first card, which is dealt face down.
    • n down In dominoes, the first stone laid on the table.
    • n down A scrimmage in foot-ball. When a player is held so that he can no longer advance the ball, he cries ‘down,’ and the ball is then placed on that spot for a scrimmage.
    • n down A grudge or prejudice (against); a hostile attitude: usually with on or upon: as, to have a private down on one; the diggers had a down on made dishes.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Seven billion gallons of water are flushed down toilets in the U.S. every day.
    • n Down down the soft hair under the feathers of fowls: the hairy covering of the seeds of certain plants: anything which soothes or invites to repose
    • n Down down a bank of sand thrown up by the sea (same as Dune): a treeless land:
    • adv Down down from a higher to a lower position: on the ground: from earlier to later times: from thick to thin, from large to small (to boil down, to cut down): from more to less (to beat down a price)
    • prep Down along a descent: from a higher to a lower position or state
    • v.t Down to knock down: to dispirit—also used as a kind of interjection, with get, go, come, kneel, &c. understood
    • n Down a tendency to be down upon, a grudge against: a descent, reverse of fortune
    • adj Down plain spoken: brusque: utter (as in downright madness)
    • n Down down (pl.) a tract of hilly land, used for pasturing sheep, as the North Downs (Kent) and South Downs (Sussex)—also given to the famous roadstead off the east coast of Kent, inside the Goodwin Sands.
    • ***

Quotations

  • John Louis O'Sullivan
    John Louis O'Sullivan
    “A torchlight procession marching down your throat.”
  • David Puttnam
    David Puttnam
    “My belief is that no movie, nothing in life, leaves people neutral. You either leave them up or you leave them down.”
  • Vince Lombardi
    Vince%20Lombardi
    “It's not whether you get knocked down, it's whether you get up.”
  • Robert Frost
    Robert%20Frost
    “Something there is that doesn't love a wall, and wants it down.”
  • Finley Peter Dunne
    Finley%20Peter%20Dunne
    “Don't jump on a man unless he is down.”
  • Pauline Kael
    Pauline Kael
    “One of the surest signs of the Philistine is his reverence for the superior tastes of those who put him down.”

Idioms

Batten down the hatches - If you batten down the hatches, you prepare for the worst that could happen to you.
***
Blow me down - People say '(well,) blow me down' when you have just told them something surprising, shocking or unexpected. ('Blow me down with a feather' is also used.)
***
Breathe down your neck - If someone follows you or examines what you're doing very closely, they are breathing down your neck.
***
Bring the curtain down - If you bring the curtain down on something, you bring it to a end.
***
Bring the house down - Something that brings the house down is acclaimed and praised vigorously.
***
Caught with your pants down - If you are caught with your pants down, you are exposed in an embarrassing situation. It can also mean that you were caught unprepared for a situation or an event.
***
Cut down the tall poppies - (AU) If people cut down the tall poppies, they criticise people who stand out from the crowd.
***
Dig way down deep - When someone digs way down deep, they look into their inner feelings to see how they feel about it.
***
Down and dirty - Down and dirty means unscrupulous and very competitive.
***
Down and out - If someone is down and out, they are desperately poor and need help.
***
Down at heel - Someone who is down at heel is short of money. ('Down in heel' is used in American English)
***
Down for the count - If someone is down for the count, they have lost a struggle, like a boxer who has been knocked out.
***
Down in the doldrums - If somebody's down in the doldrums, they are depressed and lacking energy.
***
Down in the dumps - If someone's down in the dumps, they are depressed.
***
Down in the mouth - If someone is down in the mouth, they look unhappy or depressed.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. dun, doun, AS. dūn,; of Celtic origin; cf. Ir. dūn, hill, fortified hill, Gael. dun, heap, hillock, hill, W. din, a fortified hill or mount; akin to E. town,. See Town, and cf. Down (adv.) & (prep.) Dune
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. dún, a hill; prob. from Celt. dun, as in Dunkeld, &c.

Usage

In literature:

His father had laid down his life; but his son would have to lay down only a small part of his.
"The Rich Little Poor Boy" by Eleanor Gates
Down, down the head went.
"The Children of Odin" by Padraic Colum
The world was suddenly upside down and he was surrendering himself to the mad present.
"Blow The Man Down" by Holman Day
He sank down beside her, took the hand lying on the child, and laid down his head upon it, mutely kissing it.
"Robert Elsmere" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
If I fell I should go down, down, down, and I might not be able to pick myself up again.
"Nobody's Boy" by Hector Malot
I turned the whole class down once.
"Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States from Interviews with Former Slaves, Arkansas Narratives, Part 4" by Work Projects Administration
He fell like a leaf tossed down the wind, down, down, with one cry that overtook Daedalus far away.
"Children's Literature" by Charles Madison Curry
He had broken every tie in making the one which brought him down.
"The Manxman A Novel - 1895" by Hall Caine
A few minutes served to bring the tree down, and down it came, the ais screaming as it fell.
"Popular Adventure Tales" by Mayne Reid
Whoever wrote it didn't have the politeness to put my name down.
"The Woman from Outside" by Hulbert Footner
He went down the steps and down the walk.
"Frank of Freedom Hill" by Samuel A. Derieux
Musq'oosis's lodge stood by itself outside the semicircle and a little down stream.
"The Huntress" by Hulbert Footner
Then he came to her and stood before her, looking down, and she looked down, too, and would not see him.
"Casa Braccio, Volumes 1 and 2 (of 2)" by F. Marion Crawford
B'er Wolf look-a down, 'e head swim; 'e look up, 'e mout' water; 'e look-a down 'g'in, 'e see B'er Rabbit.
"Nights With Uncle Remus" by Joel Chandler Harris
The trail zigzagged down and down.
"The Boy Scouts Book of Campfire Stories" by Various
After dinner June went down to the creek and followed a path along its edge.
"The Fighting Edge" by William MacLeod Raine
Cranston called him down roughly.
"Crooked Trails and Straight" by William MacLeod Raine
He went over, and fell soundlessly, his body whirling end over end down into the shadows, far down.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, May, 1930" by Various
I felt myself sink down and down into an empty darkness.
"The Harbor" by Ernest Poole
But there was a ravine before the village, and he slipped and fell down in the middle of it.
"The Chinese Fairy Book" by Various
***

In poetry:

The maidservants
Trying to take a peep
Knock down the screen!
"Love" by Nozawa Boncho
And to the stars
Over the town
Floats, from a good man
Way, way down —
"Mose" by Sterling A Brown
Ring a Ring O' Roses,
A pocketful of posies,
Atishoo! Atishoo!
We all fall down!
"Ring a Ring O' Roses" by Anonymous British
Oh, like a tree
Let me grow up to Thee!
And like a Tree
Send down my roots to Thee.
"The Tree" by John Freeman
Strolling down Claiborne
In the wrong end of town
Joe saw two policemen
Knock a po' Gal down.
"The Ballad Of Joe Meek" by Sterling A Brown
Up and down by the river
That flows and will always flow;
Up and down in the sunlight,
With footsteps sad and slow;
"The Shadow Of The Past" by Alexander Anderson

In news:

Saturday night will cool down into the 30s for most locations, but it will likely remain around 40 or warmer down south.
I looked down the hallway and the cops were marking down the bullets and shells.
Facing down a man-eating lion is not the same as facing down an Excel spreadsheet, but try explaining that to your body's stress receptors.
Down 20 points to Anderson County with 12:38 left in the game, the Oak Ridge Lady Wildcats were starring down a loss to open their District 3-AAA schedule.
Ruidoso Down track announces crack down on horse doping.
Jackknifed big rig shuts down Culver onramp chp, culver , onramp, down, drive, northbound, freeway, irvine, big, jackknifed.
The cutback has begun for water flows down the Missouri River, and it could help shut down traffic on the Mississippi.
Photos of Lady Gaga as a go-go dancer were posted all over her Little Monsters site, but rather than yanking them down or burying them, Ma Monster enjoyed the dance down memory lane.
This team looks like they are going to slow things down with their contemporary dance until things kick into high gear in the middle before slowing down again to a sexy end.
Santa Claus and a reindeer water ski down the Potomac River on Christmas Eve at Maryland's National Harbor, a few miles down the river from Washington.
Helping drag down the group were shares of Express Scripts Holding (ESRX), off about 15.2% and shares of Amedisys (AMED) down about 3.2% on the day.
My friend Cathy Allen is back doing her Holiday gift wrapping again this year in exchange for a donation to the Up Side of Downs, a nonprofit organization providing information and support to people with Downs Syndrome and their families.
The Down Syndrome Guild of Greater Kansas City recognized two Pioneer Ridge Middle School teachers on World Down Syndrome Day, March 21.
Last month, for Down Syndrome Awareness Month, Parents.com introduced some resources from the National Down Syndrome Society (NDSS).
Kptm.com Research Down Syndrome Announces 2012/2013 Grant Awards to Fund Down Syndrome Cognitive Research.
***

In science:

When the field is reversed to h′ < h, none of the na neighbors (which turned up before site i turned up) could possibly turn down before site i turns down.
Exact Expressions for Minor Hysteresis Loops in the Random Field Ising Model on a Bethe Lattice at Zero Temperature
In decreasing field h′ , the nb neighbors will turn down before site i turns down.
Exact Expressions for Minor Hysteresis Loops in the Random Field Ising Model on a Bethe Lattice at Zero Temperature
These neighbors will turn down on the reverse tra jectory only after site i turns down.
Exact Expressions for Minor Hysteresis Loops in the Random Field Ising Model on a Bethe Lattice at Zero Temperature
When considering the percolation probability of up or down spins, it actually consists of probabilities of upspin spanning Πup and down-spin spanning Πdown as Π = Πup + Πdown − ΠupΠdown , since they are correlated with each other.
Susceptibility and Percolation in 2D Random Field Ising Magnets
After the meridional down-flow drags the poloidal field down to the overshoot layer, the strong radial shear in the differential rotation starts working on it to create the toroidal field.
Characteristics Of A Magnetic Buoyancy Driven Solar Dynamo Model
We see that the overall velocity becomes small for small d which is simply a sign of slowing down due to the slowed down motion of the end reptons.
Reptation in the Rubinstein-Duke model: the influence of end-reptons dynamics
Because J = ǫ/4, we have in the Ising model: pck = 1 − e−2βJ . 16 Following an idea of Binder (1976a), Alexandrowicz (1988; 1989) proposes to define clusters as sets of up (or down) spins surrounded by a perimeter of up and down spins at their average proportion.
Clusters in Simple Fluids
D → S is the restriction of the blowing-down map to D , and the pri are the pro jections to S composed with the blowing-down map.
Green's canonical syzygy conjecture for generic curves of odd genus
We can calculate this by repeated application of the relations (3.2), (3.3), first moving the (ak , k) arrow down to height 1 by swapping with the other k − 1 arrows in order, then moving the (ak−1 , k) arrow down to (ak−1 , 2) in the same way, etc., until we obtain −S ′(X ).
A Hopf algebra quantizing a necklace Lie algebra canonically associated to a quiver
The first factor (1 − f ) gives the probability that the central site is initially down, the last factor, [1 − pm(h)], gives the probability that a spin with m nearest neighbors up, and z − m neighbors down does not have sufficient random quenched field at its site to flip it up at an applied field h.
Hysteresis in Ferromagnetic Random Field Ising Model with an Arbitrary Initial State
Qn denotes the conditional probability that the vertex is down when relaxed at field h given that the central site is down before the vertex is relaxed.
Hysteresis in Ferromagnetic Random Field Ising Model with an Arbitrary Initial State
Given that the central site is down, the vertex has z − 1 neighbors at height n − 1 that than be independently down or up as a result of the branching structure of the tree.
Hysteresis in Ferromagnetic Random Field Ising Model with an Arbitrary Initial State
Because of the ferromagnetic nature of the couplings, the unstable spins that flip from C0 to C1 must be down in C (H ); the same is true for the unstable spins that flip between C1 and C2 and the reasoning can be repeated so that all down spins in Cp (H ) = C+ (H ) must also be down in C (H).
Metastable states and T=0 hysteresis in the random-field Ising model on random graphs
Because the rained-down grains are now stirred up from the midplane again, they can rain down a second and third time, continuing to sweep up any grains they meet.
Dust coagulation in protoplanetary disks: a rapid depletion of small grains
While, a beam splitter may be constructed by using the setup of Fig. 3(d) (Fig. 3(e)), since an I- (M-) type QBS could be splitted up and down (down) at certain resonant frequencies.
Design of switches and beam splitters using chaotic cavities
***