• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Dervise A Turkish or Persian monk, especially one who professes extreme poverty and leads an austere life.
    • Dervise figuratively, a person who whirls or engages in frenzied activity reminiscent of the dervish{3} dancing.
    • Dervise in modern times, a member of an ascetic Mohammedan sect notable for its devotional exercises, which include energetic chanting or shouting and rhythmic bodily movement, such as whirling, leading to a trance-like state or ecstasy. From these exercises the phrase whirling dervish is derived.
    • Dervise One of the fanatical followers of the Mahdi, in the Sudan, in the 1880's.
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Per. derwēsch, fr. OPer. derew, to beg, ask alms: cf. F. derviche,


In literature:

The habit of the dervises is so called.
"The Talisman" by Sir Walter Scott
He was an ancient and hoary man in the rude attire of a dervise.
"Chronicle of the Conquest of Granada" by Washington Irving
The Dervise, of course, appears; the galleys, of course, are fired; and Seyd, of course, retreats.
"Vivian Grey" by Earl of Beaconsfield, Benjamin Disraeli
The Dervise told them he intended to take up his Night's Lodging in that Caravansary.
"The Spectator, Volume 2." by Addison and Steele
The Dervise told them he intended to take up his Night's Lodging in that Caravansary.
"The Spectator, Volumes 1, 2 and 3" by Joseph Addison and Richard Steele
Among the choruses you will find a "Dervise Chorus," a capital bait for a mixed public.
"Beethoven's Letters 1790-1826, Volume 1 of 2" by Lady Wallace
A Dervise Chorus, with full orchestra, 20 ducats.
"Beethoven's Letters 1790-1826 Vol. 2" by Lady Wallace
The Mevleheh dervises can hold red-hot iron between their teeth.
"Curiosities of Literature, Vol. 1 (of 3)" by Isaac D'Israeli
I had already followed this business some time, when once, at Zante, I took on board a Dervise, who wished to travel for nothing.
"The Oriental Story Book" by Wilhelm Hauff
His father had been a petty officer of revenue; his grandfather a wandering dervise.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
A Dervise so magnificent!
"The Dramatic Works of G. E. Lessing" by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
"The Thousand and One Days" by Julia Pardoe

In poetry:

He is no dervise, Heaven slights his service,
Who shall refuse
There in the banquet, to pawn his blanket
For Schiraz's juice.
"From the Persian of Hafiz II" by Ralph Waldo Emerson
And come, my Muse! that lov'st the sylvan shade,
Evolve the mazes, and the mist dispel;
Translate the song; convince my doubting maid
No solemn dervise can explain so well—
"Elegy VI. To a Lady, On the Language of Birds" by William Shenstone