Decad

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Decad A decade. "Averill was a decad and a half his elder."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The "naked recreation and travel" industry has grown by 233% in the past decade
    • n decad The number ten; in a Pythagorean or cabalistic sense, as an element of the universe, the tetractys or quaternary number. In this sense the form decad is exclusively used. The decad was considered significant as being the base of numeration and potentially embracing all numbers, and thus representing the cosmos or its source. It was further considered as highly significant that the decad is 1 + 2 + 3 + 4, for four naturally suggests organic perfection, since melodies and other compositions are best divided into four parts, and for other reasons; so that the greatness of Pythagoras as a philosopher was summed up in his title of “revealer of the quaternary number.” By cabalists it is considered important as being the number of the commandments.
    • n decad A set of ten objects; ten considered as a whole or unit.
    • n decad Specifically A period of ten consecutive years.
    • n decad In music, a group of ten tones, having precise acoustical relations with one another, arranged so as to explain and correct problems in harmony and modulation. It consists of two complete trines, the first based on the root or assumed starting-tone, and the second a perfect fifth above the first, together with two incomplete trines, one above and the other below the complete. It contains two heptads, which have a common cell (or fundamental group of tones). Compare duodene.
    • n decad A division of a literary work containing ten parts or books.
    • n decad Same as decad ring.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: As of 1996, Hee Haw holds the record for the longest running weekly first-run syndicated show in the history of television. It spanned over 4 decades, from the late '60s to the early '90s, airing every Saturday night at 7:00.
    • n Decad dek′ad a group of ten, esp. a series of ten years
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Quotations

  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Thirty -- the promise of a decade of loneliness, a thinning list of single men to know, a thinning brief-case of enthusiasm, thinning hair.”
  • Oscar Wilde
    Oscar%20Wilde
    “America is the only country that went from barbarism to decadence without civilization in between.”
  • James Thurber
    James%20Thurber
    “The difference between our decadence and the Russians is that while theirs is brutal, ours is apathetic.”
  • E. M. Cioran
    E. M. Cioran
    “A decadent civilization compromises with its disease, cherishes the virus infecting it, loses its self-respect.”
  • Georg C. Lichtenberg
    Georg%20C.%20Lichtenberg
    “There are people who possess not so much genius as a certain talent for perceiving the desires of the century, or even of the decade, before it has done so itself.”
  • Constance Baker Motley
    Constance Baker Motley
    “Something which we think is impossible now is not impossible in another decade.”

Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. décade—Gr. dekasdeka, ten.

Usage

In literature:

The artistic decadence of the past which is most familiar to us is that of the later Graeco-Roman art.
"Progress and History" by Various
THE SECOND DECADE CELEBRATION.
"History of Woman Suffrage, Volume II"
An outcry for short sermons has always hitherto marked the spiritual decadence of a nation.
"Robin Tremayne" by Emily Sarah Holt
But the past decade has been unusual in the scope of opportunities, you must admit.
"The Great Gray Plague" by Raymond F. Jones
For nearly three decades the nation had been dreaming of the scheme, but it had done little more than dream.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 20, No. 122, December, 1867" by Various
This occupied much of his attention during the last two decades of his life.
"College Teaching" by Paul Klapper
During the last decade of the 18th century some French actors and singers invaded the country and made New Orleans their headquarters.
"Annals of Music in America" by Henry Charles Lahee
Cooperative selling associations have had a rapid growth in the United States during the past decade.
"The Farmer and His Community" by Dwight Sanderson
A subtly decadent painting seemed to amuse him considerably.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, May, 1930" by Various
Maine has proved that prostitution and promiscuity lead to sterility and decadence.
"The Sexual Question" by August Forel
In 1901 the population was 1,113,298, showing an increase of 6% in the decade.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 3" by Various
In a decade we have spent nearly a billion dollars on our navy alone.
"Prize Orations of the Intercollegiate Peace Association" by Intercollegiate Peace Association
The closing years of Rowland Ingram's time were not bearing the fruit that the first decade had promised.
"A History of Giggleswick School" by Edward Allen Bell
Protestantism in America is decadent.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
Most of chapter v of decade x treats of the life of Juan de la Madre de Dios, which we give by synopsis and extract.
"The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898 - Volume 41 of 55, 1691-1700" by Various
Some of them are decadent Roman and the rest Byzantine: the bases are hidden by a square wooden boxing.
"The Shores of the Adriatic" by F. Hamilton Jackson
The man who is this year a laborer may in a decade be a farmer.
"The Evolution of the Country Community" by Warren H. Wilson
The "problem play" of a decade ago was a prime favorite with him.
"How to Analyze People on Sight" by Elsie Lincoln Benedict and Ralph Paine Benedict
It was not accomplished in a year, nor in a decade.
"A History of Witchcraft in England from 1558 to 1718" by Wallace Notestein
This was Harrison Ainsworth, and G. P. R. James also began to publish pretty early in the third decade of the century.
"A History of Nineteenth Century Literature (1780-1895)" by George Saintsbury
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In poetry:

"Must all races prove decadent?
Shall not one produce in time
Perfect types of men and women
In a world devoid of crime?"
"Discouragement" by John Lawson Stoddard
Short summer-time and then, my heart's desire,
The winter and the darkness: one by one
The roses fall, the pale roses expire
Beneath the slow decadence of the sun.
"Transition" by Ernest Christopher Dowson
Some lever that a casket's hinge has broken
Pries off a bolt, and lo! our souls are free;
Each year some Open Sesame is spoken,
And every decade drops its master-key.
"The Angel-Thief" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
And none will dream it bore my name
Decades ago;
A scribbling fool of little fame,
Who loved life so . . .
Well, flesh is grass and Time must pass,—
Heigh ho! Heigh ho!
"The Hearth-Stone" by Robert W Service
Where, round each simple burial stone,
The grass for decades twain has grown,
Protecting them in dreamless slumber
Who perished long ago,
The multitudes defying number,
A part of war's tableau.
"Sheridan's Last Ride" by Hattie Howard
Bright sparkled the wine; there were fifty that quaffed;
For a decade had slipped and had taken but three.
How they frolicked and sung, how they shouted and laughed,
Like a school full of boys from their benches set free!
"The Shadows" by Oliver Wendell Holmes

In news:

NPR Nov 13, 2012 3:12 p.m. Bob French, an iconic New Orleans drummer who led the Original Tuxedo Jazz Band for decades, died Monday, the New Orleans Times-Picayune reports.
Nov 13, 2012 — Much like his father before him, French spent decades leading the Original Tuxedo Jazz Band, a group in existence for more than 100 years.
Breakthrough Entertainment plans a new drama about the spunky redhead from Prince Edward Island, a decade after Canada's top-rated TV drama produced a profit dispute.
A Bangladeshi man who's lived in Los Angeles for more than a decade has given up his fight against deportation.
Four decades ago, a young man in East Pakistan named Fazle Hasan Abed seemed set for life.
Evanston native Abigail Washburn began playing the banjo less than a decade ago, but since then she's been burning it up.
After over 4 decades, ATMs are still vital to the banking industry Machines cut banks' costs, ease banking for consumers.
A decade ago, Stan Lee Media Inc declared bankruptcy.
Andy Grove has been one of the most significant figures in technology for more than three decades.
The United States and Russia are negotiating a swap in which 10 Russian spy suspects would be freed after a plea deal in exchange for Moscow's release of a defense researcher held for the past decade on espionage charges, a US official said.
The Decadence and Horror of Butchering a Pig's Head.
M EDLAR LUCAN and Durian Gray, in their infamous and lurid The Decadent Cookbook, describe decadent food as making your mouth water and your hair stand on end.
These deals possessed several of the elements that would characterize Barrack 's deals over the next two decades: They used real estate as collateral.
For decades, most of the news out of Basque country was horrible.
For decades, a small group of scientific dissenters has been trying to shoot holes in the prevailing science of climate change, offering one reason after another why the outlook simply must be wrong.
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In science:

In the case of spectral correlations the simplest models of the universality classes are the Gaussian RMTs, and in the past three decades many exact results have been derived for these models.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
With large scale research in Mesoscopic Physics over the last few decades, many of the well established notions of Condensed Matter Physics has been found to be violated in mesoscopic samples.
Violation of general Friedel sum rule in mesoscopic systems
Over past several decades, there has been a dramatic progress in application of stochastic equations to wide variety of complex systems, as well as in understanding some of their generic features.
Generalized Entropy approach to far-from-equilibrium statistical mechanics
After decades of investigations, string perturbation theory has now become a well-established old sub ject.
Worldsheet and Spacetime Properties of p-p' System with B Field and Noncommutative Geometry
The spectral properties of the incidence matrix of random graphs have motivated a large number of studies over the last decades.
Random incidence matrices: moments of the spectral density
Quantum theory on a given space-time has been the sub ject of intensive study over the past decades .
Quantum Theory within the Framework of General Relativity
In addition to this measured part of the CIRB, one has to consider the presently un-measurable fraction resident in the frequency decade between 100 and 10 µm.
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
Furthermore, note that the LF is not well- fit by a power-law over more than one decade in luminosity.
Bondi-Hoyle-Lyttleton Accretion Model for Low-luminosity X-ray Sources in Globular Clusters
During the last decade, astonishing discoveries have been made in a variety of directions. A first striking feature is that these probabilities are all related to Painlev´e equations or interesting generalizations.
Integrable Lattices: Random Matrices and Random Permutations
Random matrix ensembles have been extensively studied for several decades, since the early works of E.
Phase transitions and random matrices
Increasingly, in the past two decades, a wide variety of matrix ensembles were considered, where the joint probability distribution for the random entries depends on a number of parameters.
Phase transitions and random matrices
In the last decade several authors (Casacuberta, Farjoun, Libman, Rodr´ıguez) have directed their efforts towards deciding which algebraic properties are preserved under localization.
Finite simple groups and localization
The experimental data analyzed in shows a slow decay of the average Cij with octave separation (particularly in the bottom and top of the sample) with Cij decaying to about 0.6 over 6 decades.
On random graphs and the statistical mechanics of granular matter
In the last two decades, a remarkable structure has emerged as a candidate for the fundamental theory of nature.
M(atrix) Theory: Matrix Quantum Mechanics as a Fundamental Theory
As we have already discussed, it has been known for over a decade that the light-front supermembrane theory can be regularized and described as a supersymmetric quantum mechanics theory.
M(atrix) Theory: Matrix Quantum Mechanics as a Fundamental Theory
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