Dean

Definitions

  • Lord Penzance Hybrid Sweet Briar. JEANNIE DEANS
    Lord Penzance Hybrid Sweet Briar. JEANNIE DEANS
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n dean an administrator in charge of a division of a university or college
    • n dean (Roman Catholic Church) the head of the College of Cardinals
    • n dean a man who is the senior member of a group "he is the dean of foreign correspondents"
    • n Dean United States film actor whose moody rebellious roles made him a cult figure (1931-1955)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Earl Dean developed the bottle design for Coca-Cola
    • Dean A dignitary or presiding officer in certain ecclesiastical and lay bodies; esp., an ecclesiastical dignitary, subordinate to a bishop.
    • Dean A registrar or secretary of the faculty in a department of a college, as in a medical, or theological, or scientific department.
    • Dean The chief or senior of a company on occasion of ceremony; as, the dean of the diplomatic corps; -- so called by courtesy.
    • Dean The collegiate officer in the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, England, who, besides other duties, has regard to the moral condition of the college.
    • Dean The head or presiding officer in the faculty of some colleges or universities.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The hardest crossword puzzles according to experts appear in two British papers: "The London Times" and "Observer." Only few readers can complete these and it takes them 2 to 3 hours. The record time for completing a "Times" puzzle was an incredible 3 minutes and 45 seconds by a British diplomat named Roy Dean in 1970.
    • n dean A small valley.
    • n dean An ecclesiastical title in the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches, which has had several applications. Civil officials so called were known to the Roman law, and are mentioned in the codes of Theodosius and Justinian. The title was thence adopted for Christian use. In the monasteries, for every ten monks a decanus or dean was nominated, who had the charge of their discipline. The senior dean, in the absence of the abbot and provost, governed the monastery; and, since monks had the charge of many cathedral churches, the office of dean was thus introduced into them. Custom gradually determined that there should be only one dean in a cathedral, and he eventually assumed the chief charge of its ecclesiastical and ritual concerns, especially in regard to the choir. He became also general assistant to the bishop. In the Roman Catholic Church, assistants of the bishop, termed rural deans, in France in former times often possessed, and in Germany in certain cases still possess, large powers of visitation, administration, and jurisdiction, so that their authority is almost equal to that of bishops. In the Church of England there are, besides the deans of the cathedrals, called deans of chapters, whose authority is next that of the bishop, rural deans, who are in effect assistants to the bishop, and whose duty it is to visit certain parishes in the diocese, and report on their condition to the bishop. Their functions at one time became almost obsolete, but they have been revived to some extent in recent times. The word is also applied in England to the chief officers of certain peculiar churches or chapels: as, the dean of the king's chapel. In the Episcopal Church in America the presiding presbyter of the semi-official body known as a convocation, and of the division of a diocese represented by this body, which division is also called a convocation and is in some respects analogous to the English rural deanery, is called a dean (the dean of convocation).
    • n dean In universities, originally, the head of a faculty (and most historical writers consider a dean as essential to the existence of a faculty). The office was at first directly or indirectly elective for one or two years, while commonly filled by the eldest master regent. But the faculties, having in Great Britain and America lost their early more independent corporate existence, are now usually presided over by the head of the university, and the office of dean has sunk to that of a mere registrar or secretary, or has ceased to exist. In English colleges the dean presides in chapel, looks after the moral and religious welfare of the scholars, and is charged with the preservation of discipline. The office is commonly united with one of the tutorships. The office of dean of a college or school is evidently a mere adaptation of that of dean of a monastery, and as such dates from far earlier times than that of dean of a faculty, although the faculties long preceded the colleges.
    • n dean The oldest member in length of service of a constituted body, or a body of persons of equal rank, of whom he is the prescriptive leader in all joint action: as, the dean of the diplomatic corps; the dean of the French Academy; the dean of the Sacred College (the oldest of the cardinals, who possesses high authority by right of his seniority).
    • n dean The president for the time being of an incorporation of barristers or law practitioners.
    • n dean In Scotland, the elected head of the merchant company or gildry of a royal burgh, who is a magistrate of the burgh for the supervision of all matters relating to the erection and character of buildings. The office in the full sense now exists only in Edinburgh, Glasgow, Aberdeen, and Perth, its duties in other burghs being performed by an officer bearing the same title, elected by the town council.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: James Dean died in a Porsche Spider.
    • n Dean dēn a small valley
    • Dean Also Dene
    • n Dean dēn a dignitary in cathedral and collegiate churches who presides over the other clergy: the president of faculty in a college; the chief chaplain of the Chapel Royal: the chief judge of the Court of Arches: the president of a trade-guild
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Quotations

  • Søren Kierkegaard
    Søren Kierkegaard
    “Old age realizes the dreams of youth: look at Dean Swift; in his youth he built an asylum for the insane, in his old age he was himself an inmate.”
  • Joe E. Lewis
    Joe%20E.%20Lewis
    “I don't drink any more than the man next to me, and the man next to me is Dean Martin.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. dene, deene, OF. deien, dien, F. doyen, eldest of a corporation, a dean, L. decanus, the chief of ten, one set over ten persons, e. g., over soldiers or over monks, from decem, ten. See Ten, and cf. Decemvir
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. deien (Fr. doyen)—Low L. decanus, a chief of ten—L. decem, ten.

Usage

In literature:

Van Meter, dean of the Woman's College, Baltimore, and music by a chorus of two hundred voices under the direction of William R. Hall.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume V"
Dean Rawson turned and looked with fair appraisal at the man he had saved.
"Two Thousand Miles Below" by Charles Willard Diffin
As I tell Mr. Dean, you can't tell why it is.
"The Eye of Dread" by Payne Erskine
H. G. Liddell, afterwards Dean of Christ Church, Professor Baden-Powell, and the Rev.
"My Autobiography" by F. Max Müller
Young was born in 1684 at Upham, near Winchester, his father, who was afterwards Dean of Sarum, being at that time the rector of the village.
"The Age of Pope" by John Dennis
Edited by Dean PLUMPTRE.
"The Girls and I" by Mary Louisa Stewart Molesworth
The dean was a strict and holy man, for whom the laws of the Church were the first thought.
"Timar's Two Worlds" by Mór Jókai
The young man who had brought it thus far bore the name of John Deane, and was a member of the senior class.
"Room Number 3" by Anna Katharine Green
Wulfruna's foundation consisted of a dean, eight prebendaries or canons, and a sacrist.
"The Annals of Willenhall" by Frederick William Hackwood
Then the Dean of Edinburgh, Mr. Annand, came and asked us to be seated.
"The Men of the Moss-Hags" by S. R. Crockett
My object was not to borrow money, but to explain why Jim Dean shot at you.
"Lord Stranleigh Abroad" by Robert Barr
They then prevented the Dean from complying to any purpose with my request.
"The Works of Alexander Pope, Volume 1" by Alexander Pope
Dean John de Godelee (1306-1333) was the last great builder of the church of Wells.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Wells" by Percy Dearmer
His uncle, the magnificent Dean of St. Asaph, had just died in London.
"Toilers of the Sea" by Victor Hugo
The newspapers are continually making remarks of a painful nature on the conduct of Deans and Chapters.
"Punch - Volume 25 (Jul-Dec 1853)" by Various
He held several prebends, was dean of St Asaph and then dean of Wells, and became bishop of Norwich in 1413.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 6" by Various
Deane had always believed that if it had not been for Cyrus the rest of them would not have hardened into their pain and humiliation like that.
"Fidelity" by Susan Glaspell
Dean Street was a comparatively aristocratic abode.
"The Intriguers" by William Le Queux
The dean gave him an inquiring glance as he entered.
"Frank Merriwell's Return to Yale" by Burt L. Standish
The young man who had brought it thus far bore the name of John Deane, and was a member of the senior class.
"The Amethyst Box" by Anna Katherine Green
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In poetry:

The Dean's face wore a puzzled look,
And then a look of joy;
Then said, "'tis you the teacher are,
I am the scholar, boy."
"The Dean's Brother" by John Hartley
This is the tale they tell,
Of an Hallowe'en;
This is the thing that befell
Me and the village Belle,
Beautiful Aimee Dean.
"The Eve Of All-Saints" by Madison Julius Cawein
This is the tale they tell
Of the Hallowe'en;
This is the thing that befell
Me and the village Belle,
Beautiful Aimee Dean.
"The Eve Of All-Saints" by Madison Julius Cawein
But soon the door was open thrown,--
The Dean, a goodly man;
Who lived within, had heard a moan,
And came the cause to scan.
"The Dean's Brother" by John Hartley
May I be every moment chid
With Skinny, Honey, Snip, and Lean,
Oh! that I could but once be rid
Of that insulting tyrant Dean.
"Lady Acheson Weary Of The Dean" by Jonathan Swift
The Dean would visit Market-hill;
Our invitation was but slight;
I said—why—Let him if he will,
And so I bid Sir Arthur write.
"Lady Acheson Weary Of The Dean" by Jonathan Swift

In news:

As dean of the Whitman School of Business at Syracuse University, Dr Melvin Stith does the same job as other top administrators.
Howard Dean speaks while campaigning in Hampstead, New Hampshire, on Sunday.
She was born in Parkersburg, a daughter of the late L. Dean and Elizabeth Armstrong Cross.
Prime Minister of Belize Dean Barrow said the government has maintained "consistent conversation" with the Inter-American Development Bank and International Monetary Fund, as well as the US Treasury.
"Record credit card delinquencies are just the latest sign that US consumers are under considerable levels of stress," said Fitch managing director Michael Dean in a written statement.
Early in the summer of 1952, after his first year of dental school at Emory University in Atlanta, Perry Brickman received a letter from the dean.
MU dental school dean gets satisfaction from a smile.
Lobb, is the dean of Marquette University's School of Dentistry, but he's also a teacher, an organizer and a fundraiser.
Assael named dean of University of Minnesota dental school .
Minneapolis —The University of Minnesota announced May 29 the appointment of Dr Leon A Assael, a past chair of the ADA Council on Dental Education and Licensure, as dean of its School of Dentistry.
The UO is honoring the life and work of music professor and former dean of the School of Music and Dance Anne Dhu McLucas, who died Sept 8.
Anne Dhu McLucas, a former UO dean, slain along with partner.
Jeffrey Dean Morgan stars in horror thriller.
Jeffrey Dean Morgan is toplining Lions-gate's horror thriller " Dibbuk Box," with Sam Raimi and Rob Tapert producing via their Ghost House Pictures shingle.
The dean explained that while the institution had its traditions, it was very up-to-date.
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In science:

Since the conditions for the Dean sum rule seem to be best satisfied at high energies, this suggests that the SAID solution underestimates the spinindependent contribution above 1 GeV.
Review of quasi-elastic charge-exchange data in the nucleon-deuteron breakup reaction
This is one more reason to doubt the utility of the Dean sum rule to estimate Rnp(0) at low energies.
Review of quasi-elastic charge-exchange data in the nucleon-deuteron breakup reaction
In impulse approximation, at zero momentum transfer, the d(n, p)nn interaction only excites spin-singlet final states and Dean [11, 12] has shown that the inclusive measurement of the proton momentum spectrum can then be interpreted in terms of the spin-flip np amplitudes through the use of a sum rule.
Review of quasi-elastic charge-exchange data in the nucleon-deuteron breakup reaction
Its definition is an application of reachability analysis (Boutilier, Brafman, & Geib, 1998; Dean et al., 1993).
Restricted Value Iteration: Theory and Algorithms
Dean et al. (2011), Calvet and Czellar (2011) for applications of likelihood free inference to this class of intractable hidden Markov models.
Expectation-Propagation for Likelihood-Free Inference
While ABC has been gradually been analysed from a (mainstream) statistical perspective, this is one of the very first papers performing a decision-theoretic analysis of the factors influencing the performances of the method (along with, e.g., Dean et al., 2011).
Some discussions of D. Fearnhead and D. Prangle's Read Paper "Constructing summary statistics for approximate Bayesian computation: semi-automatic approximate Bayesian computation"
Dynamic Bayesian networks (DBNs) [Dean and Kanazawa, 1989] provide a compact representation by exploiting conditional independencies that hold between variables.
Approximate Separability for Weak Interaction in Dynamic Systems
The signature was originally shown not to be of finite type by Dean and Trapp .
On knot invariants which are not of finite type
Hence, recent research has focused on methods that can exploit structure within the planning problem to work more efficiently (Boutilier, Dean, & Hanks, 1999).
Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning with the MAXQ Value Function Decomposition
This can also be difficult, although Dean and Lin show how these guesses can be revised automatically by the learning algorithm. A potential drawback of all hierarchical methods is that the learned policy may be suboptimal.
Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning with the MAXQ Value Function Decomposition
This basic idea was first pointed out by Dean and Lin (1995).
Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning with the MAXQ Value Function Decomposition
It is interesting that the iterative method described by Dean and Lin (1995) can be viewed as a method for moving along this tradeoff.
Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning with the MAXQ Value Function Decomposition
In the Dean and Lin method, the programmer makes an initial guess for the values of the terminal states of each subtask (i.e., the doorways in Figure 6).
Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning with the MAXQ Value Function Decomposition
But the method of Dean and Lin does not stop here.
Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning with the MAXQ Value Function Decomposition
At the other end of the spectrum are “context-sensitive” methods such as HAMQ, the options framework, and the early work of Dean and Lin.
Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning with the MAXQ Value Function Decomposition
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