Darwinism

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Darwinism a theory of organic evolution claiming that new species arise and are perpetuated by natural selection
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Charles Darwin spent 39 years studying earthworms
    • n Darwinism (Biol) The theory or doctrines put forth by Darwin. See above.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Charles Darwin thought that the 1,250 first run copies of his book The Origin of Species was too much. It turned out he was wrong as they sold out the first day of publication.
    • n Darwinism The body of biological doctrine propounded and defended by the English naturalist Charles (Charles Robert) Darwin (1809-1882), especially in his works “The Origin of Species” (1859) and “The Descent of Man” (1871), respecting the origin of species. It is, in general, the theory that all forms of living organisms, including man, have been derived or evolved by descent, with modification or variation, from a few primitive forms of life or from one, during the struggle for existence of individual organisms, which results, through natural selection, in the survival of those least exposed, by reason of their organization or situation, to destruction. It is not to be confounded with the general views of the development or evolution of the visible order of nature which have been entertained by philosophers from the earliest times. (See evolution.) That which is specially and properly Darwinian in the general theory of evolution relates to the manner, or methods, or means by which living organisms are developed or evolved from one another: namely, the inherent susceptibility and tendency to variation according to conditions of environment; the preservation and perfection of organs best suited to the needs of the individual in its struggle for existence; the perpetuation of the more favorably organized beings, and the destruction of those less fitted to survive; the operation of natural selection, in which sexual selection is an important factor; and the general proposition that at any given time any given organism represents the result of the foregoing factors, acting in opposition to the hereditary tendency to adhere to the type, or “breed true.” See selection arid Survival.
    • n Darwinism Belief in and support of Darwin's theory. Also Darwinianism.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: When Charles Darwin published his theory on human evolution in The Descent of Man in 1871, not a single fossil that was known to be pre-human had been found to back up his ideas. Although his theory was later proved to be true, it was formulated entirely without physical evidence and based almost completely on speculation.
    • n Darwinism där′win-ism the theory of the origin of species propounded by C. Darwin (1809-82)
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Usage

In literature:

Mr. Darwin asserts that this is the exhibition of a tendency to vary which is absolutely indefinite.
"On the Genesis of Species" by St. George Mivart
This has been the history of Darwinism, and especially of Darwin's theory of sexual selection.
"At the Deathbed of Darwinism" by Eberhard Dennert
The landlord of the "George Inn" said that "all the people wished to have Mr. Darwin buried in Down, but the government would not let them.
"Prairie Farmer, Vol. 56: No. 3, January 19, 1884." by Various
PEACE BETWEEN RELIGION AND DARWINISM.
"The Theories of Darwin and Their Relation to Philosophy, Religion, and Morality" by Rudolf Schmid
This infinite field now open before him, Darwin began his investigations, and the whole world knows his triumphs.
"My Studio Neighbors" by William Hamilton Gibson
Newton's father was a tanner; Pasteur's, a tanner; Darwin's, a doctor of considerable means.
"Human Traits and their Social Significance" by Irwin Edman
These facts are explicable on Mr. Darwin's principles.
"Contributions to the Theory of Natural Selection" by Alfred Russel Wallace
One was written by Charles Darwin in Kent, the other by Alfred Wallace in Ternate, in the Malay Archipelago.
"Evolution in Modern Thought" by Ernst Haeckel
They will be "proved" as well as Moses or Darwin or Lyell ever "proved" anything.
"The Book of the Damned" by Charles Fort
Specie the origin of Darwin.
"A Book for All Readers" by Ainsworth Rand Spofford
This is the original Darwinism of Dr. Erasmus Darwin.
"Evolution, Old & New" by Samuel Butler
Charles Darwin and Samuel Butler.
"The Samuel Butler Collection at Saint John's College Cambridge" by Henry Festing Jones
DARWIN, Dr., improvement of vegetables by selection, ii.
"The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, Volume II (of 2)" by Charles Darwin
His own people wished to bury Darwin quietly at his home in Down, but Darwin now belonged to the nation.
"The Meaning of Evolution" by Samuel Christian Schmucker
Two remarks made by Mr. Darwin have implications from which the same general conclusion must, I think, be drawn.
"Essays: Scientific, Political, & Speculative, Vol. I" by Herbert Spencer
The chief if not the only serious obstacles to acceptance of Darwinism seem to me to be of the author's own creation.
"Old-Fashioned Ethics and Common-Sense Metaphysics" by William Thomas Thornton
These structures were believed by C. Darwin to be explicable by sexual selection.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 6" by Various
Now it happens that Darwin never said that the cause of the struggle for existence theory was to be sought from Malthus.
"Landmarks of Scientific Socialism" by Friedrich Engels
Mrs. Darwin has heard that there are certain children who become occasionally rather unmanageable!
"Holiday House" by Catherine Sinclair
Evidences of this may be found by the score in Darwin's works on the origin of species.
"The Origin of the World According to Revelation and Science" by John William Dawson
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In poetry:

to be touched inadvertently, even
by his beloved? We know all about graphs
and Darwin, enormous rooms no longer
superhumanise, but earnest
"Thanksgiving for a Habitat" by W H Auden
"Native of that green isle, where DARWIN waves
His magic wand o'er nature's vernal reign,
Her airy essence and her central caves,
Her fires electric, and her nereid train:
"The Complaint Of The Goddess Of The Glaciers To Doctor Darwin" by Helen Maria Williams
And when he saw some shallow-pate,
With smallest brain possession,
He uttered no filosofy
On Nature's retrogression.
To ancient types, by Darwin's rule,
He simply said, "Wal, darn a fool."
"The Deacon And His Daughter" by Isabella Valancy Crawford

In news:

The Editor's Desk: Write-in vote for Darwin is natural selection .
What Darwin Got Wrong by Jerry Fodor and Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 264 pp.
Accompanied Darwin on his five-year voyage.
Darwin Brown, left, is accused of stealing a pickup Friday night that had a camper in the truck bed, as well as the sleeping owner.
The 1911 from Adelaide finally reaches Darwin.
Darwin Orris took home the bronze in the mens advanced division.
Some of these sound like Darwin Award candidates.
Interment followed at the Darwin Cemetery.
Though most historians of science don't believe that Darwin plagiarized Wallace in any way, the popular fraud theory has lived on for many years.
Ayn Rand versus the pleasure principle : Darwin #4.
Darwin's theory of evolution has become the bedrock of modern biology.
The Morning News reports that 32-year-old Daniel Darwin Orders pleaded guilty Friday in 7th District Court.
Darwin Barney smiles while standing at second base after hitting his double against the Phillies during the sixth inning.
Rising before dawn for Sunday chores, Darwin Hoffmeister fed the pigs, checked the cows and mended a trampled fence.
CHARLESTON — It was the play that turned the momentum in West Virginia's favor in the Orange Bowl, when safety Darwin Cook returned a fumble 99 yards for a touchdown against Clemson in the.
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In science:

Darwin, “The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals,” 2nd edition, J.
Face Expression Recognition and Analysis: The State of the Art
When Darwin Met Einstein: Gravitational Lens Inversion with Genetic Algorithms.
A Systematic Review of Strong Gravitational Lens Modeling Software
It turns out that this is indeed possible by a reexamination of the work of Darwin , but I will not enter into the details here .
What is the Force between Electrons?
Motivation Since Darwin propounded the theory of natural selection in 1859 there have been many attempts to compare and contrast it with other time-dependent phenomenon.
Does Meaning Evolve?
Dennett, D.C. (1995) Darwin’s Dangerous Idea Simon & Schuster.
Does Meaning Evolve?
This explain why evolutionary schemes that preserve the distribution of the quenched disorder have the same αc , while others that involve Darwinism, shift αc [1,9].
Modeling Market Mechanism with Minority Game
We modified dynamics of the MA by adding Darwin selection to the system.
A model of information filtration by comparison of randomly chosen sources
Since we safely can neglect radiation in our problem we can use the Darwin Lagrangian (see Jackson , Ess´en [26, 27]), but we skip the relativistic correction to the kinetic energy as discussed by Ess´en .
Connection between London moment and Meissner effect from classical electrodynamics
The important thing in the Darwin formalism is that Ai is divergence free (Coulomb gauge).
Connection between London moment and Meissner effect from classical electrodynamics
Darwin magnetic interaction energy and its macroscopic consequences.
Connection between London moment and Meissner effect from classical electrodynamics
The requirements on space missions designed to study Terrestrial exoplanets are discussed. We then investigate whether the design of such a mission, specifically the Darwin nulling interferometer, can be carried out in a simplified scenario. The key element here is accepting somewhat higher levels of stellar leakage.
Interferometric Space Missions for the Search for Terrestrial Exoplanets: Requirements on the Rejection Ratio
We do this utilizing the Darwin input catalogue.
Interferometric Space Missions for the Search for Terrestrial Exoplanets: Requirements on the Rejection Ratio
In: Fridlund M., Henning T. (eds.) Proceedings of the Conference on Towards Other Earths: DARWIN/TPF and the Search for Extrasolar Terrestrial Planets, 22-25 April 2003, Heidelberg, Germany.
Interferometric Space Missions for the Search for Terrestrial Exoplanets: Requirements on the Rejection Ratio
Kaltenegger, L., Karlsson, A., “Requirements on the stellar rejection for the Darwin Mission”, New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry, Proceedings of SPIE Volume 5491.
Interferometric Space Missions for the Search for Terrestrial Exoplanets: Requirements on the Rejection Ratio
Furthermore, the Klein-Gordon equation does not have a Darwin type term, so Yukawa coupling amplification has not been shown to occur for interacting scalars.
Bound State Inequality for High Mass Exchanges in a Scalar Field Model
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