Daimio

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Daimio The title of the feudal nobles of Japan. "The daimios , or territorial nobles, resided in Yedo and were divided into four classes."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n daimio The title of the chief feudal barons or territorial nobles of Japan, vassals of the mikado: distinguished from the shomio (‘little name’), the title given to the hatamoto, or vassals of the shogun. See shogun. Though exercising independent authority in their own domains, the daimios acknowledged the mikado as the legitimate ruler of the whole country. During the Tokugawa shogun-ate (1603-1868) the daimios gradually became subject to the shoguns, who compelled them to live in Yedo, with their families and a certain number of their retainers, for six months of every year, and on their departure for their own provinces to leave their families as hostages. The number of daimios differed at different times, according to the fortunes of war and the caprice of the shoguns. Just before the abolition of the shogunate there were 255, arranged in five classes, with incomes ranging from 10,000 to 1,027,000 koku of rice per annum. In 1871 the daimios surrendered their lands and privileges to the mikado, who granted pensions proportioned to their respective revenues, and relieved them of the support of the samurai, their military retainers. These pensions have since been commuted into active bonds, redeemable by government within thirty years from date of issue. The title has been abolished, and that of kuwazoku bestowed upon court and territorial nobles alike. See kuwazoku.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Daimio dī′myo a Japanese territorial noble under the old feudal system.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Jap., fr. Chin. tai ming, great name
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Jap.

Usage

In literature:

Still the daimio shook his head negatively.
"The Mucker" by Edgar Rice Burroughs
His heart beat with pleasure when he caught the first glimpses of the Daimio's train, and he held himself ready for the right moment.
"The Violet Fairy Book" by Various
The Knight was sore perplexed when he saw what great displeasure the loss of his favorite cherry tree caused the Daimio.
"Japanese Fairy Tales" by Yei Theodora Ozaki
In power the Mito family thus ranked high among the Daimios.
"The Constitutional Development of Japan 1863-1881" by Toyokichi Iyenaga
On their side, the Hatamotos put forth all their efforts to resist the Daimios.
"Tales of Old Japan" by Algernon Bertram Freeman-Mitford
THE TYCOON, DAIMIOS, AND ARISTOCRACY.
"Sketches of Japanese Manners and Customs" by J. M. W. Silver
For Mikado, Shogun, and ruling Daimios, read king, presiding chief, and princes, and the parallel is as nearly as possible complete.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Vol. 1" by Various
In the third game, five or six boys represent the various grades of rank, from the peasant up to the great daimios or shogun.
"Child-Life in Japan and Japanese Child Stories" by Mrs. M. Chaplin Ayrton
In the good old days of the Daimios there lived an old couple whose only pet was a little dog.
"Harper's Young People, September 14, 1880" by Various
When a tengu walks, he folds his arms, throws back his head till his nose is far up in the air, and struts around as if he were a daimio.
"Japanese Fairy World" by William Elliot Griffis
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In poetry:

Sat Tokiyori on his battle-steed,
His great soul shining in his searching eyes.
About him daimios, armed and spurred,
And shomios ready to strike or bleed,
Or challenge death in any noble guise,
All watchful waiting for his word.
"The Soul of Nippon: A Mediaeval Legend of Japan " by Joseph Ignatius Constantine Clarke