Cynocephalus

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Cynocephalus type genus of the family Cynocephalidae
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n cynocephalus A genus of baboons, of the family Cynopithecidæ. It formerly included all those baboons to which the term “dog-faced” was applied, from the extremely prognathous jaws, giving a canine physiognomy; but it is now restricted to exclude the drill, mandrill, etc. The common baboon is C. babuin, inhabiting northerly parts of Africa, where it lives in troops in rocky places. In this species the tail is about one third the whole length. Closely related are the chacma, C. porcarius, of South Africa, and the sphinx baboon, C. sphinx, of West Africa. The hebe or hamadryad, C. hamadryas, of Abyssinia, differs in having long hair on the head and shoulders, and a shorter tail, only about one fourth of the total length. Cynocephalus is nearly a synonym of Papio, of prior date.
    • n cynocephalus [lowercase] A dog-faced baboon.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Cynocephalus sī-no-sef′al-us the dog-faced baboon: a race of men with dogs' heads.
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. kyōn, kynos, dog, kephalē, head.

Usage

In literature:

It was a large cynocephalus, one of those which dwelt at liberty within the enclosure of the goddess.
"Salammbo" by Gustave Flaubert
It was the duty of the two cynocephalus genie of the cup to bear souls to hell.
"The Memoirs of Victor Hugo" by Victor Hugo
Thylacinus cynocephalus Fischer 6:2.
"Journals Of Two Expeditions Of Discovery In North-West And Western Australia, Vol. 2 (of 2)" by George Grey
Thanks, good Cynocephalus, thanks!
"The Temptation of St. Antony" by Gustave Flaubert
On Cynocephalus, Brehm, 'Illust.
"The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex, Vol. I (1st edition)" by Charles Darwin
Muggs christened the animal Cynocephalus, and soon afterward sold him to Mr. Colon, who was of an economical turn, for the use of his son Semi.
"Buffalo Land" by W. E. Webb
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In news:

The Tasmanian tiger's Latin designation, Thylacinus cynocephalus, or "dog-headed pouched-dog ," makes it redundantly clear that the marsupial's feline nickname is a misnomer.
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