Cut-off

Definitions

  • Cut-off-Saw
    Cut-off-Saw
  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Cut-off (Mach) Any device for stopping or changing a current, as of grain or water in a spout.
    • Cut-off That which cuts off or shortens, as a nearer passage or road.
    • Cut-off (Mach) The valve gearing or mechanism by which steam is cut off from entering the cylinder of a steam engine after a definite point in a stroke, so as to allow the remainder of the stroke to be made by the expansive force of the steam already let in. See Expansion gear, under Expansion.
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Cut off from rations for three days Cut off from rations for three days
The Step-Sister Cuts off her Toe The Step-Sister Cuts off her Toe
Sickel's cut-off mechanism Sickel's cut-off mechanism
Corliss cut-off mechanism Corliss cut-off mechanism

Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: A chicken once had its head cut off and survived for over eighteen months, headless
    • n cut-off That which cuts off or shortens, as a short path or cross-cut. Specifically
    • n cut-off In steam-engines, a contrivance for cutting off the passage of steam from the steamchest to the cylinder, when the piston has made a part of its stroke, leaving the rest of the stroke to be accomplished by the expansive force of the steam already in the cylinder. It economizes steam, and thus saves fuel. See governor.
    • n cut-off A new and shorter channel formed for a river by the waters cutting off or across an angle or bend in its course. Cut-offs, sometimes of great extent, are continually forming in the Mississippi and other western rivers.
    • n cut-off A slide in a delivery-spout in grain-elevators, etc., for shutting off the flow.—5. An arm on a reaper designed to support the falling grain while the platform is being cleared.—6. In plumbing, a connecting pipe.
    • n cut-off An attachment to a magazine firearm which enables the soldier to use it as a single-loader and reserve the cartridges in the magazine.
    • n cut-off In forestry, an artificial channel by which the course of a stream is straightened to facilitate log-driving.
    • n cut-off The practice of stopping or cutting off the admission of motor-fluid, such as steam, to the engine-cylinder before the traverse of the piston is completed. It makes the steam imprisoned in the cylinder work by expansive action after cut-off has occurred, so that the steam is of lower pressure and temperature when the exhaust takes place, and the heat in it is more efficiently utilized. The cut-off is said to be short when the expansion period is long. The expansion or degree of expansion is the reciprocal of the cut-off; that is, if the cut-off is at ⅗ of the stroke, the expansion is , or the steam has the volume which it occupied when the valve closed. The point of cut-off is the point of the piston traverse at which the valve closed.
    • n cut-off A partition or plate in a valve-chest having one or more ports controlled, as to opening and closure, by a cut-off valve.
    • ***

Quotations

  • Nancy Mitford
    Nancy Mitford
    “An aristocracy in a republic is like a chicken whose head has been cut off: it may run about in a lively way, but in fact it is dead.”
  • Christian Slater
    Christian Slater
    “If I make a move, like raise my eyebrows, some critic says I'm doing Nicholson. What am I supposed to do, cut off my eyebrows?”
  • Clark Moustakas
    Clark Moustakas
    “When we are not honest, we are cut off from a significant resource of ourselves, a vital dimension that is necessary for unity and wholeness.”
  • Henry Miller
    Henry%20Miller
    “It isn't the oceans which cut us off from the world -- it's the American way of looking at things.”
  • E. M. Cioran
    E. M. Cioran
    “Great persecutors are recruited among martyrs whose heads haven't been cut off.”

Idioms

A slice off a cut loaf is never missed - Used colloquially to describe having sexual intercourse with someone who is not a virgin, especially when they are in a relationship. The analogy refers to a loaf of bread; it is not readily apparent, once the end has been removed, exactly how many slices have been taken.('You never miss a slice from a cut loaf' is also used.)
***
Cut off your nose to spite your face - If you cut off your nose to spite your face, you do something rash or silly that ends up making things worse for you, often because you are angry or upset.
***

Usage

In literature:

Our people resented this impious intrusion, and built a high wall to cut off the view.
"For the Temple" by G. A. Henty
He nimbly drew his shell and cut off another beaver's tail.
"The Myth of Hiawatha, and Other Oral Legends, Mythologic and Allegoric, of the North American Indians" by Henry R. Schoolcraft
The seed ripens in August; but, as all the heads do not ripen at once, they should be cut off as they successively mature.
"The Field and Garden Vegetables of America" by Fearing Burr
Cut off the head of the frog, shave off top of brain case, and put the head in strong spirit.
"Text Book of Biology, Part 1: Vertebrata" by H. G. Wells
There was a running fight; here and there the enemy was cut off; great spoil and many prisoners were taken.
"The Long Roll" by Mary Johnston
During the whole march they were harassed by the Arabs, and many were cut off and killed.
"At Aboukir and Acre" by George Alfred Henty
She was about five miles off when we dived to cut her off.
"Danger! and Other Stories" by Arthur Conan Doyle
This one giant, being closest to us, cuts off from our view even the giants that begat him.
"Appreciations and Criticisms of the Works of Charles Dickens" by G. K. Chesterton
He attacks the demon with a magic sword, and soon cuts off his head.
"Russian Fairy Tales" by W. R. S. Ralston
That he should have his right hand cut off.
"Fox's Book of Martyrs" by John Foxe
***

In poetry:

The thief was cruel whex'd
To find himself so pinn'd;
The oss began to whinny,
The honest gloom he grinn'd;
And the raskle thief got off the oss
And cut avay like vind.
"Jacob Homnium’s Hoss" by William Makepeace Thackeray
A story is told of a traveller bold
Who, being in want of food,
Cut off and ate the tail of his hound,
Returned him the bone, and strangely found
The brute had no gratitude!
"The Royal Bounty" by Ernest Jones
Pluck from its roots the quiv'ring tongue of man,
Cut off his feet, or chain them — from his heart
He ne'ertheless, spite of all hindrance, can
His fervent pray'rs to his Creator, dart.
"Concerning Prayer, And Its Proper Requisites" by Rees Prichard
The folks at home are so discreet;
They see me walk and walk
To keep the blood-flow in my feet,
And though they never talk
I've heard them whisper: 'Mother may
Have them cut off some day.'
"Gangrene" by Robert W Service
and then they placed me, tied me up on their plate,
and wheeled me out to their coffin, my nest.
Slowly the siren slowly the hearse, sedate
as a dowager. At the E. W. they cut off my dress.
"The Break" by Anne Sexton
Wherefore to cut off all Delays,
'Twas soon reply'd, a Husband's Praise
(Tho' in these looser Times)
ARDELIA gladly wou'd rehearse
A Husband's, who indulg'd her Verse,
And now requir'd her Rimes.
"To Mr. F. Now Earl Of W" by Anne Kingsmill Finch

In news:

Cutting off your nose your face.
Sons, daughters, mothers and fathers are expected to cut off relatives, making exceptions only in cases of family business or emergency.
WVHCS cuts off singled -out supplier.
West Virginia is sending Blackhawk helicopters to check mountainous rural areas for people who may still be cut off by heavy snow from Superstorm Sandy.
You're a fucking liar if you try to claim you didn't see Friedman's "cutting off both your arms is not a good way to lose weight because it makes it hard to get a job afterward" column.
Strives to cut off cash to Iraqi insurgents.
Do you cut off employees in mid-sentence and threaten to have them replaced if they don't give in to your point of view.
BROUSSARD, LA (NBC33) — A Lafayette man was arrested for a second offense OWI after he allegedly cut-off a deputy who was responding to a different call.
The mangroves were slowly killed by the construction of nearby State Road 92 and neighboring residential communities which cut off tidal flow .
London Film Festival to close with Danny Boyle film about climber who cut off own arm.
The Senate votes to cut off funding to ACORN.
Feds to cut off funding for Texas' Women's Health Program.
It's time to cut off land hoarders -- but how.
Porn Site Donates Money to Breast Cancer Foundation That Tried to Cut Off Planned Parenthood Funding.
The roughly 24,000 state workers cut off from their jobs after Friday's government shutdown are being asked to apply for unemployment benefits on a staggered basis, state official said.
***

In science:

The clusters pile up when their size approaches this boundary, in this case a cluster size of 1000, just below the inevitable cut-off.
Random Geometric Graphs
The cut-off value for the periods should not be chosen smaller than the signal length of the bandlimited signal (8) used for the harmonic inversion in the second step of the procedure.
Semiclassical quantization with bifurcating orbits
For a cut-off parameter L = 15, applying the renormalization defined in Sec. 3 with the above matrix N , we obtain εc ≈ 0.016.
Renormalization for cubic frequency invariant tori in Hamiltonian systems with two degrees of freedom
For a cut-off parameter L = 10, the renormalization with the above matrix N gives εc ≈ 0.0219.
Renormalization for cubic frequency invariant tori in Hamiltonian systems with two degrees of freedom
For any cut-off parameter, the critical value we obtain by the renormalization procedure for this matrix N (εc ≈ 0.48) is very far from the one obtained by the previous renormalization.
Renormalization for cubic frequency invariant tori in Hamiltonian systems with two degrees of freedom
***