Constitution

Definitions

  • GREAT HORNED OWL Rabbits constitute a favorite food when available. Poultry and other birds are also destroyed by this owl. Range: Eastern North America
    GREAT HORNED OWL Rabbits constitute a favorite food when available. Poultry and other birds are also destroyed by this owl. Range: Eastern North America
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n constitution the act of forming or establishing something "the constitution of a PTA group last year","it was the establishment of his reputation","he still remembers the organization of the club"
    • n Constitution a United States 44-gun frigate that was one of the first three naval ships built by the United States; it won brilliant victories over British frigates during the War of 1812 and is without doubt the most famous ship in the history of the United States Navy; it has been rebuilt and is anchored in the Charlestown Navy Yard in Boston
    • n constitution the way in which someone or something is composed
    • n constitution law determining the fundamental political principles of a government
    • n Constitution the constitution written at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787 and subsequently ratified by the original thirteen states
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1850, Michigan's state constitution included the following line: "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, unless for the punishment of crime, shall ever be tolerated in this state." This inadvertently legalized slavery as an appropriate punishment for crime. It wasn't until 1963 that the grammar was fixed to outlaw slavery. The change required shifting the comma following "servitude" to the position after "slavery."
    • Constitution An authoritative ordinance, regulation or enactment; especially, one made by a Roman emperor, or one affecting ecclesiastical doctrine or discipline; as, the constitutions of Justinian. "The positive constitutions of our own churches.""A constitution of Valentinian addressed to Olybrius, then prefect of Rome, for the regulation of the conduct of advocates."
    • Constitution The act or process of constituting; the action of enacting, establishing, or appointing; enactment; establishment; formation.
    • Constitution The aggregate of all one's inherited physical qualities; the aggregate of the vital powers of an individual, with reference to ability to endure hardship, resist disease, etc.; as, a robust constitution . "Our constitutions have never been enfeebled by the vices or luxuries of the old world."
    • Constitution The aggregate of mental qualities; temperament. "He defended himself with . . . less passion than was expected from his constitution ."
    • Constitution The fundamental, organic law or principles of government of men, embodied in written documents, or implied in the institutions and usages of the country or society; also, a written instrument embodying such organic law, and laying down fundamental rules and principles for the conduct of affairs. "Our constitution had begun to exist in times when statesmen were not much accustomed to frame exact definitions."
    • Constitution The state of being; that form of being, or structure and connection of parts, which constitutes and characterizes a system or body; natural condition; structure; texture; conformation. "The physical constitution of the sun."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The only repealed amendment to the US Constitution deals with the prohibition of alcohol.
    • n constitution The act of constituting, establishing, or appointing; formation.
    • n constitution The state of being constituted, composed, made up, or established; the assemblage and union of the essential elements and characteristic parts of a system or body, especially of the human organism; the composition, make-up, or natural condition of anything: as, the physical constitution of the sun; the constitution of a sanitary system; a weak or irritable constitution.
    • n constitution A system of fundamental principles, maxims, laws, or rules embodied in written documents or established by prescriptive usage, for the government of a nation, state, society, corporation, or association: as, the Constitution of the United States; the British Constitution; the Constitution of the State of New York; the constitution of a social club, etc. In American legal usage a constitution is the organic law of a State or of the nation, the adoption of which by the people constitutes the political organization, as distinguished from the statutes made by the political organization acting under the order of things thus constituted.
    • n constitution A particular law, ordinance, or regulation, made by the authority of any superior, civil or ecclesiastical; specifically, in Roman law, what an emperor enacted, either by decree, edict, or letter, and without the interposition of any constitutional assembly: as, the constitutions of Justinian.
    • n constitution Any system of fundamental principles of action: as, the New Testament is the moral constitution of modern society.
    • n constitution That branch of the law which defines and interprets the scope and meaning of a constitution.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The US federal income tax was first enacted in 1862 to support the Union's Civil War effort. It was eliminated in 1872, revived in 1894 then declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court the following year. In 1913, the 16th Amendment to the Constitution made the income tax a permanent fixture in the US tax system.
    • n Constitution the act of constituting: the natural condition of body or mind: disposition: a system of laws and customs established by the sovereign power of a state for its own guidance: the established form of government: a particular law or usage
    • ***

Quotations

  • Gerald R. Ford
    Gerald%20R.%20Ford
    “Our constitution works. Our great republic is a government of laws, not of men.”
  • Benjamin Franklin
    Benjamin%20Franklin
    “Our new Constitution is now established, and has an appearance that promises permanency; but in this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.”
  • Ice-T
    Ice-T
    “The Constitution is a figment of your imagination, held up to make people believe they have rights. I don't believe anybody in this country has rights.”
  • Thomas B. Macaulay
    Thomas%20B.%20Macaulay
    “A good constitution is infinitely better than the best despot.”
  • Joseph De Maistre
    Joseph%20De%20Maistre
    “A constitution that is made for all nations is made for none.”
  • William Seward
    William Seward
    “There is a higher law than the Constitution.”

Idioms

Constitution of an ox - If someone has the constitution of an ox, they are less affected than most people by things like tiredness, illness, alcohol, etc.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. constitution, L. constitutio,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. constituĕre, constitutum, from con, together, and statuĕre, to make to stand, to place.

Usage

In literature:

These are all for a revolution; and, constituting the body of the nation, the other parts will follow them.
"The Writings of Thomas Jefferson" by Thomas Jefferson
The whole of English constitutional history, once remarked Bishop Stubbs, is but one long commentary upon it.
"The Governments of Europe" by Frederic Austin Ogg
President Buchanan urged Congress to admit Kansas with her bogus Constitution.
"Our American Holidays: Lincoln's Birthday" by Various
They seem to constitute a species of simple primitive germinal drama.
"The Parables of Our Lord" by William Arnot
This position and these advantages were legacies of the constitution of 1776.
"Expansion and Conflict" by William E. Dodd
With its constitutionality I have nothing to do; about that I know but little and care much less.
"Masterpieces of Negro Eloquence" by Various
One night the lookouts reported a large vessel alongside, and the hail from the "Constitution" brought only a counter-hail from the stranger.
"The Naval History of the United States" by Willis J. Abbot
Debate then turned on the manner of constituting the upper chamber.
"Union and Democracy" by Allen Johnson
Meeting of the Constitutional Convention, 1787.
"History of the United States, Volume 2 (of 6)" by E. Benjamin Andrews
The Constitution of 1846 was the people's Constitution.
"A Political History of the State of New York, Volumes 1-3" by DeAlva Stanwood Alexander
The Constitution and the Philippines.
"History of the United States, Volume 5" by E. Benjamin Andrews
By constitution we understand the innate ability of the animal to withstand disease or unfavorable conditions of life.
"Special Report on Diseases of the Horse" by United States Department of Agriculture
In 1894 he was president of the New York state constitutional convention.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 3" by Various
Though this doctrine may make sad havoc with constitutions and statute books, it is nevertheless law.
"The Unconstitutionality of Slavery" by Lysander Spooner
On his return from Congress, Mr. Adams was elected to the legislature of Massachusetts under the new constitution.
"Sages and Heroes of the American Revolution" by L. Carroll Judson
As far as form went, the constitution in 1658, so far as it differed from the Stuart constitution, differed for the better.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 5" by Various
But in another aspect, the United States constitute only one nation.
"Presidential Candidates:" by D. W. Bartlett
Give us something in the Customs, and I don't care if New Zealand never has a constitution!
"The Dodd Family Abroad, Vol. I.(of II)" by Charles James Lever
Five years constitute a short period of time for the accomplishment of so important a change in the public {5} opinion.
"The Middle Period 1817-1858" by John William Burgess
The committee appealed less to this constitutional argument than to arguments of policy.
"The Reconstruction of Georgia" by Edwin C. Woolley
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In poetry:

But HANCE'S powers began to fail -
His constitution was not strong -
And PIERRE, who once was stout and hale,
Grew thin from shouting all day long.
"Thomas Winterbottom Hance" by William Schwenck Gilbert
These rise before me; and there Mason stands
The Constitution-maker firm and bold,
Like Bernal Diaz, planting with kind hands
Fair trees to blaze in gold.
"Arms And The Man - Heroes And Statesmen" by James Barron Hope
Still her sequestered mother seems to weep,
And spurns the balm which constitutes her sleep;
Her plaintive murmurs float upon the gale,
And almost make the stubborn rocks bewail.
"On Death" by George Moses Horton
But vain are the hopes which are formed by a parent,
Fallacious the marks which in infancy shine;
My frail constitution soon made it apparent,
I nourished within me the seeds of decline.
"My Birthday" by Charles Lamb
This empty street, this sky to blandness scoured,
This air, a little indistinct with autumn
Like a reflection, constitute the present —
A time traditionally soured,
A time unrecommended by event.
"Triple Time" by Philip Larkin
And neither the Emancipation Proclamation
nor the Civil War nor one constitutional
amendment after another nor one Civil Rights
legislation after another could bring about a
yielding of the followers of that gospel
to the beauty of our human face.
"Jim Crow: The Sequel" by June Jordan

In news:

Cert petitions were filed this past Friday, July 20, in two cases that challenge the constitutionality of Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act, one involving Shelby County, Ala. And the other, Kinston, N.C.
Maine constitutional offices likely to change hands .
While I hope to have upcoming posts soon on Constitutional principles, gambling in Pennsylvania and the national debt, deficit spending and China, the events of the weekend have led me to search out some more positive notes for this post.
Turnout large in vote on Chechen constitution.
Voters in Chechnya appeared to approve a constitution Sunday the Kremlin hopes will bring stability to the separatist region after nearly a decade of bloodshed.
The appeals court justices, however, sent a portion of the case back to the state district court to consider the constitutionality of the Texas Chiropractic Act and the Scope of Practice Rule.
When the United States was established as a new nation the Constitution of that nation expressly provided for a separation of church and state.
A federal judge ruled yesterday that a program giving thousands of Cleveland children taxpayer-financed vouchers to attend parochial schools violated the Constitution's separation of church and state.
The Supreme Court opened the door today to a fresh look at the constitutional boundary between church and state by agreeing to decide whether public school graduation ceremonies can include prayers that mention God.
After all, someone who graduated from Harvard Law School, edited the Harvard Law Review, and taught constitutional law at the University of Chicago Law School must be familiar with Marbury v. As Wikipedia explains, it's an important case.
History teacher Dan Yoder uses the trip as an opportunity to study Constitutional law and the justice system.
An anti-war demonstration three years ago in San Francisco is triggering a fight over constitutional rights.
Vote against raising taxes and jeopardizing our Constitution.
Is the California Constitutional Convention campaign getting blacklisted.
New York Needs a Constitutional Convention .
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In science:

Measurement of the individual systems do not necessarily constitute an optimal test of similarity or difference in the states of the two systems.
Comparison of two unknown pure quantum states
Therefore, the above response function is entirely constituted by the aging term χag (t, tw ).
Off equilibrium response function in the one dimensional random field Ising model
Although not difficult to solve numerically in practice,2 theirs does not constitute an algebraic proof.
Computational Geometry Column 43
Throughout this paper we have discussed combinations of games, each of which constitutes particular strategies.
Parrondo Games and Quantum Algorithms
Small-scale perturbations, on the other hand, are good candidates for rapid, yet not highly dynamic condensation, and constitute the paradigm of cloud formation via the isobaric mode of TI.
The nonlinear development of the thermal instability in the atomic ISM and its interaction with random fluctuations
Isobaric density perturbations constitute a simple case of entropy perturbations, as they imply a perturbation of the ratio P /ργ , and can be produced in practice by either locally varying the cooling or heating rates, or by velocity fluctuations well into the subsonic regime (see §§3.3 and 4.3).
The nonlinear development of the thermal instability in the atomic ISM and its interaction with random fluctuations
To close the hydrodynamic model, one needs constitutive relations (CRs) : p, κ and I in terms of n and T .
Symmetry breaking and coarsening of clusters in a prototypical driven granular gas
The full time-dependent hydrodynamic equations were solved with the same constitutive relations and boundary conditions as those used in our steady state analysis.
Symmetry breaking and coarsening of clusters in a prototypical driven granular gas
This common type constitutes the type of the choice.
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
As for s  π and s  π , UOT follows from the fact that the speci fied π directly constitutes the type of the extended or restricted strategy. (b) We prove this property by induction on s in Γ ⊢ s : π .
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
This means that the terms constituting a rewrite rule have to be tagged, too.
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
Wellformedness, well-typedness, static elaboration and reduction judgements constitute corresponding predicate definitions.
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
Besides this, a whole series of investigations devoted to the nonlinear analysis of EAS time series is carried out in Japan beginning from early nineties at the experimental arrays that now constitute the LAAS network, see and references therein.
Nonlinear analysis of EAS clusters
As mentioned earlier, these four quantities constitute a set of gauge invariant operators, among which only T is first order in derivatives of A± while the others are of second order.
Generalized Noncommutative Supersymmetry from a New Gauge Symmetry
As in the case of an imposed fluidity at the wall, it is constituted of parts of multi front branches, that become unstable at different values of the shear rate.
A simple model for heterogeneous flows of yield stress fluids
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