Confederate

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj Confederate of or having to do with the southern Confederacy during the American Civil War "Confederate soldiers"
    • adj confederate united in a confederacy or league
    • v confederate form a confederation with; of nations
    • v confederate form a group or unite "The groups banded together"
    • n confederate a person who joins with another in carrying out some plan (especially an unethical or illegal plan)
    • n confederate someone who assists in a plot
    • n Confederate a supporter of the Confederate States of America
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1865, several veterans of the Confederate Army formed a private social club in Pulaski, Tennessee, called the Ku Klux Klan.
    • Confederate (Amer. Hist) A name designating an adherent to the cause of the States which attempted to withdraw from the Union (1860-1865).
    • Confederate (Amer. Hist) Of or pertaining to the government of the eleven Southern States of the United States which (1860-1865) attempted to establish an independent nation styled the Confederate States of America; as, the Confederate congress; Confederate money.
    • Confederate One who is united with others in a league; a person or a nation engaged in a confederacy; an ally; also, an accomplice in a bad sense. "He found some of his confederates in gaol."
    • v. t Confederate To unite in a league or confederacy; to ally. "With these the Piercies them confederate ."
    • v. i Confederate To unite in a league; to join in a mutual contract or covenant; to band together. "By words men . . . covenant and confederate ."
    • Confederate United in a league; allied by treaty; engaged in a confederacy; banded together; allied. "All the swords
      In Italy, and her confederate arms,
      Could not have made this peace."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: This is what the red, white, and blue on the US flag represent: The Continental Congress left no record to show why it chose the colors. However, in 1782, the Congress of the Confederation chose these same colors for the Great Seal of the United States and listed their meaning as follows: white to mean purity and innocence, red for valor and hardiness, and blue for vigilance, perseverance, and justice. According to legend, George Washington interpreted the elements of the flag this way: the stars were taken from the sky, the red from the British colors, and the white stripes signified the secession from the home country. However, there is no official designation or meaning for the colors of the flag.
    • confederate To unite in a league or alliance; join in a mutual contract or covenant.
    • confederate To cause to unite in a league; ally.
    • confederate United in a league; allied by compact or treaty; engaged in a confederacy; leagued; pertaining to a confederacy.
    • confederate Specifically [capitalized] Pertaining to the Confederate States of America: as, the Confederate government or army.
    • n confederate One who is united or banded with another or others in a compact or league; a person or nation engaged in a confederacy; an ally; an associate; an accomplice.
    • n confederate Specifically A citizen or subject of one of a number of confederated states; specifically (with a capital), a citizen or soldier of any one of the southern States of the American Union which formed the Confederate States of America, who participated in or sympathized with the attempt to destroy the Union by secession and the prosecution of the civil war.
    • n confederate Synonyms Friend, Companion, etc. (see associate), accomplice, accessory, abetter, fellow-conspirator.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: General Henry Heth (1825-1888) leading a confederate division in the Battle of Gettysburg, was hit in the head by a Union bullet, but his life was saved because he was wearing a hat two sizes too large, with newspaper folded inside the sweatband. The paper deflected the bullet, and the general, unconscious for 30 hours, recovered and lived another 25 years.
    • adj Confederate kon-fed′ėr-āt leagued together: allied
    • n Confederate one united in a league: an ally: an acomplice
    • v.i., v.t Confederate to league together or join in a league
    • v.i Confederate and v.t. to league together or join in a league
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. confoederatus, p. p. of confoederare, to join by a league; con-, + foederare, to establish by treaty or league, fr. foedus, league, compact. See Federal

Usage

In literature:

Far more of their ponderous missiles fell within their own lines than within those of the Confederates.
"Sword and Pen" by John Algernon Owens
Den de Confederate soldiers started coming across Broad River.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
His career in the Confederate Army is too well known for me to relate.
"As I Remember" by Marian Gouverneur
It was found that the haversacks of the Confederates left on the field contained three days' rations.
"Ulysses S. Grant" by Walter Allen
The Confederates seized revenue-cutters in Southern ports.
"Harper's Young People, September 7, 1880" by Various
We never saw him again, and many times when thinking of the circumstances, I wondered if he was a confederate spy.
"Personal Recollections of a Cavalryman" by J. H. (James Harvey) Kidd
None of the Fathers of Confederation {46} fought a more strenuous battle.
"The Fathers of Confederation" by A. H. U. Colquhoun
He served in the Confederate Army and saw Stonewall Jackson shot by his own troops.
"A Virginia Village" by Charles A. Stewart
The second proposition was that the true solution of the difficulty lay in the confederation of all the provinces.
"The Day of Sir John Macdonald" by Joseph Pope
In the later fifties Mr. Brown was pursuing a course which led almost with certainty to the goal of confederation.
"George Brown" by John Lewis
In connection with this campaign on the plains, it is a singular fact that nearly three thousand Confederates took part.
"The Battle of Atlanta" by Grenville M. Dodge
The tarnished insignia on his collar indicated an officer of Confederate cavalry.
"The Missourian" by Eugene P. (Eugene Percy) Lyle
The extraterrestrials represent what the Russkies are calling a Galactic Confederation.
"Combat" by Dallas McCord Reynolds
Its purpose is to reduce Fort Moultrie, Charleston harbor, and relieve Fort Sumter, invested by the Confederate forces.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
Meantime the Confederate fire had divided.
"Stories by American Authors, Volume 8" by Various
He was an officer in the Confederate Army.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves, North Carolina Narratives, Part 2" by Work Projects Administration
This and not as yet a corrupt liking for mercenary service was the original occasion of the campaigns of the confederates in Italy.
"The Life and Times of Ulric Zwingli" by Johann Hottinger
The condition of the Confederate troops was far better, in many respects, at this time, than at any subsequent period of the war.
"History of Morgan's Cavalry" by Basil W. Duke
The Confederates had another fine general named Thomas J. Jackson.
"The Story of Our Country"
Their brutal rapacity filled even their confederates with indignation.
"History of the Reign of Philip the Second, King of Spain." by William H. Prescott
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In poetry:

Not as our soldiers died beneath their flags,
Not as in tumult and in blood they fell,
When from their columns, clad in homely rags,
Rose the Confederate yell.
"An Elegiac Ode" by James Barron Hope
Stars and Stripes on the salient wave,
Where many a hero has found a grave,
And the gallant Confederates strive in vain
The ground they have drenched with their blood to regain.
"Lee To The Rear" by John Reuben Thompson
Then stand up, oh my Countrymen!
And unto God give thanks,
On mountains, and on hillsides
And by sloping river banks--
Thank God that you were worthy
Of the grand Confederate ranks:
"The Lee Memorial Ode" by James Barron Hope
These four brother floods, like a garland of flowers,
Shall entwine all our states in a band
Conform and confederate their wide-spreading powers,
And their wealth and their wisdom expand.
"On The Discoveries Of Captain Lewis (January 14, 1807)" by Joel Barlow
For faithful Zoe would attend
The footsteps of her wounded friend,
'Till he at home may rest;
His mother learnt her wond'rous truth,
And clasping the dear rescued youth,
His brave confederate blest!
"The Grateful Snake" by William Hayley
And then it was, when night had passed
There came to me an orderly
With word of a confederate spy
Late taken, who, with head downcast,
Had asked one favor, this: "That I
Would see him ere he breathed his last."
"The Brothers" by Madison Julius Cawein

In news:

PARKERSBURG -Whatever claim Parkersburg has as the birthplace of famed Confederate Civil War Gen Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson has been put to rest.
He was named after the confederate General Thomas Stonewall Jackson .
At a critical point during the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln was confounded as to why his top general was sitting idle and allowing the Confederate Army to gather steam and poke holes in the Union Army.
Confederate Master & Slave Tintype, ca 1861.
Why Doesn't Anyone Think It's Cool to Dress Up Like a Confederate Soldier Anymore.
A proposal to issue a state of Texas license plate with the Confederate flag on it is unnecessarily divisive in an increasingly polarized nation where race remains a sensitive matter.
Raises doubts where Issa Hayatou, the African confederation president for the last 22 years, should remain in power.
Boss Crump's Totem Pole in Confederate Park.
At the end of the Civil War, both Union and Confederate soldiers were buried in Arlington.
Stephen Pollard, a previously-unidentified Confederate soldier from.
A steel truss that had surrounded the Confederate submarine H.L.
Paul Mardikian, senior conservator on the project to conserve the Confederate submarine H.L.
1865 – The Confederate States of America agree to the use of African-American troops (More info).
For the last several years, Alberta Martin had been celebrated as the last widow of a Confederate veteran of the Civil War.
Confederate Railroad is performing at this year's WhistleStop Festival.
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In science:

The IERS Directing Board should be involved in this issue, although the IERS is primarily a confederation of separately funded geophysical research centers rather than a transmission center for timing products.
The Colloquium on Decoupling Civil Timekeeping from Earth Rotation
The judges and confederates were both selected from the general public on the basis of a newspaper employment advertisement that required little beyond typing ability, then screened by interview with the prize committee.
Lessons from a Restricted Turing Test
Limiting the topic: In order to limit the amount of area that the contestant programs must be able to cope with, the topic of the conversation was to be strictly limited, both for the contestants and the confederates.
Lessons from a Restricted Turing Test
We follow the prize committee’s terminology in using the terms ‘confederate’, ‘contestant’, and ‘judge’ for the computer program entrants, the humans being compared against, and the human interrogators performing the evaluation, respectively.
Lessons from a Restricted Turing Test
We use the term ‘agent’ for both confederates and contestants. 2The confederate room referees, in addition to myself, were Susan Cole Dranoff, an attorney at the firm of Ropes and Gray, and Dr.
Lessons from a Restricted Turing Test
The judge writes the letters corresponding to the terminals in order from least to most human-like, and draws a line purporting to separate the computer contestants from the human confederates.
Lessons from a Restricted Turing Test
Those to the right of the line were claimed by that judge to be humans, those to the left computers. (See Figure 1.) The judges were told that at least two of the agents were human confederates, and at least two computer contestants, thus limiting the number of places that the line could be (rationally) placed.
Lessons from a Restricted Turing Test
Unfortunately, there were serious technical difficulties with the rented computer equipment that had been set up for the confederates.
Lessons from a Restricted Turing Test
The two participating confederates chose to converse on Shakespeare and women’s clothing.
Lessons from a Restricted Turing Test
In the end, and perhaps unsurprisingly, the average rankings placed the two human confederates as “more human-like” than the six contestants.
Lessons from a Restricted Turing Test
It was widely recognized that computer experts could readily distinguish the contestants from the confederates.
Lessons from a Restricted Turing Test
One possible source of such bias, for instance, follows from the technical problems that caused two of the confederates to be eliminated.
Lessons from a Restricted Turing Test
Once the number of confederates had been reduced to the announced minimum, it became impossible for a judge to rationally place the demarcation line between “humans” and “computers” in such a way as to rate a human as a computer without also rating a computer as a human.
Lessons from a Restricted Turing Test
Epstein points out in response to this observation that “(1) Two of the ten judges drew the line after just one entry, in spite of our instructions. (2) Three of the 5 judges who mistook Weintraub’s program for a person rated it above one or both confederates. (3) Two judges mistook a confederate for a computer.
Lessons from a Restricted Turing Test
With some help from his ingenious confederate von Neumann, Wigner sought to mend the weakness of Bohr’s decree.
The Plight of `I Am'
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