Columbiad

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Columbiad (Mil) A form of seacoast cannon; a long, chambered gun designed for throwing shot or shells with heavy charges of powder, at high angles of elevation.☞ Since the War of 1812 the Columbiad has been much modified, especially by General Rodman, and the improved form now used in seacoast defense is often called the Rodman gun.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n columbiad A heavy castiron smooth-bore cannon of a form introduced by Colonel George Bomford, U. S. A., and used in the war of 1812. Columbiads were made of 8-and 10-inch caliber, and were used for projecting both solid shot and shells. They were equally suited to the defense of narrow channels and distant roadsteads. In 1860 General Rodman, of the United States ordnance, devised a 15-inch columbiad, which was cast hollow, and cooled from the interior, thus increasing the hardness and density of the metal next the bore. These guns are now obsolete.
    • n columbiad [capitalized] An epic of Columbia, that is, America: used as the title of several poems, as one by J. L. Moore (1798), one, better known, by Joel Barlow (1808), and one in French (La Colombiade) by Madame de Boccage (1756).
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
From Columbia, the United States

Usage

In literature:

To-day I was pressed into service to make red flannel cartridge-bags for ten-inch columbiads.
"Strange True Stories of Louisiana" by George Washington Cable
Though the Columbiad is at Stony Hill, the Projectile will still be in the Moon.
"All Around the Moon" by Jules Verne
To-day I was pressed into service to make red flannel cartridge-bags for ten-inch columbiads.
"Famous Adventures And Prison Escapes of the Civil War" by Various
The smoothbore Columbiads could penetrate only 13 inches, while from this range the ponderous mortars could hardly hit the fort.
"Artillery Through the Ages" by Albert Manucy
Ten-inch columbiads predominate, and are perhaps the most useful.
"Three Months in the Southern States, April-June 1863" by Arthur J. L. (Lieut.-Col.) Fremantle
These twelve were: one X-inch columbiad, one 60-pounder rifle, two 42- and eight 32-pounders.
"The Gulf and Inland Waters" by A. T. Mahan
Her armament was to consist of thirty thirty-two-pounder guns, and two one-hundred-pounder columbiads.
"The Naval History of the United States" by Willis J. Abbot
Barlow, Joel, place of his "Columbiad" in modern printing, 10.
"The Booklover and His Books" by Harry Lyman Koopman
A priming-wire accidentally spiked the ten-inch columbiad.
"From Fort Henry to Corinth" by Manning Ferguson Force
The deep boom of the columbiad echoed over the hills of Tennessee.
"My Days and Nights on the Battle-Field" by Charles Carleton Coffin
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