Colony

Definitions

  • French Colonial Types
    French Colonial Types
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n colony a group of organisms of the same type living or growing together
    • n colony (microbiology) a group of organisms grown from a single parent cell
    • n colony a body of people who settle far from home but maintain ties with their homeland; inhabitants remain nationals of their home state but are not literally under the home state's system of government "the American colony in Paris"
    • n colony a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country
    • n colony a place where a group of people with the same interest or occupation are concentrated "a nudist colony","an artists' colony"
    • n Colony one of the 13 British colonies that formed the original states of the United States
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Jamestown Island, Virginia. On this small island—half forest and half marsh—was planted the English colony of which Raleigh and Gilbert dreamed Jamestown Island, Virginia. On this small island—half forest and half marsh—was planted the English colony of which...
The Jamestown cooper was a busy craftsman. Many barrels, hogsheads, and casks were needed in the colony, and large quantities of barrel staves were made for shipping to England. (Painting by Sidney E. King.) The Jamestown cooper was a busy craftsman. Many barrels, hogsheads, and casks were needed in the colony, and large...
THE COLONIAL SURPRISE-PARTY AT TRENTON THE COLONIAL SURPRISE-PARTY AT TRENTON
A GREBE COLONY IN SASKATCHEWAN A GREBE COLONY IN SASKATCHEWAN
BROWN PELICANS IN FLORIDA The Pelicans nest in colonies, and the young feed from the parents' throats. Range: Gulf coast of U. S. and southward. Habitat Group in The American Museum of Natural History BROWN PELICANS IN FLORIDA The Pelicans nest in colonies, and the young feed from the parents' throats. Range: Gulf...
Views of Old Colony Strong Plow, about 1732 Views of Old Colony Strong Plow, about 1732
Section where Raleigh's various colonies were located Section where Raleigh's various colonies were located
The English Colonies and the French Claims in 1754 The English Colonies and the French Claims in 1754

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The population of the American colonies in 1610 was 350.
    • Colony (Bot) A cell family or group of common origin, mostly of unicellular organisms, esp. among the lower algæ. They may adhere in chains or groups, or be held together by a gelatinous envelope.
    • Colony (Zoöl) A cluster or aggregation of zooids of any compound animal, as in the corals, hydroids, certain tunicates, etc.
    • Colony (Zoöl) A community of social insects, as ants, bees, etc.
    • Colony A company of people transplanted from their mother country to a remote province or country, and remaining subject to the jurisdiction of the parent state; as, the British colonies in America. "The first settlers of New England were the best of Englishmen, well educated, devout Christians, and zealous lovers of liberty. There was never a colony formed of better materials."
    • Colony A company of persons from the same country sojourning in a foreign city or land; as, the American colony in Paris.
    • Colony (Microbiology) a group of microorganisms originating as the descendents of one individual cell, growing on a gelled growth medium, as of gelatin or agar; especially, such a group that has grown to a sufficient number to be visible to the naked eye.
    • Colony (Nat. Hist) A number of animals or plants living or growing together, beyond their usual range.
    • Colony a territory subject to the ruling governmental authority of another country and not a part of the ruling country.
    • Colony The district or country colonized; a settlement.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Witchcraft was first legalized in the colony of Pennsylvania.
    • n colony A company or body of people who migrate from their native country or home to a new province, country, or district, to cultivate and inhabit it, but remain subject to or intimately connected with the parent state; also, the descendants of such settlers so long as the connection with the mother country is retained. Among the ancient Greeks the simple colony, which was not necessarily dependent upon the parent state except in religious matters, must be distinguished from a cleruchy (which see). Among the Romans the earliest colonies, so called, were merely garrisons in a hostile territory. Later, colonies were founded for the benefit of the poor of Rome; but Sylla restored the military character to the colony, which became in general a foundation for the benefit of veteran soldiers who had served their time. The colonists retained their Roman citizenship, and received their lands by lot, the original inhabitants of the site being subordinated to them. In American history the name is given especially to the thirteen separate communities along the Atlantic coast under English rule which combined in the revolution, and were formed in 1776 into the United States of America. They were (in geographical order) New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. These were all originally English colonies excepting New York and Delaware, which were for a time respectively Dutch (as New Netherland) and Swedish (as New Sweden). Their governments were by charter (in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut), proprietary (in Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Maryland), or royal (in the remaining colonies). In each (except Rhode Island and Connecticut, which chose their own governors) the governor was appointed by the crown or by the proprietaries. The crown claimed a veto on legislation, and jurisdiction of appeals from the court of last resort.
    • n colony The country or district planted or colonized.
    • n colony A number of persons of a particular nation, taken collectively, residing temporarily or indefinitely in a foreign city or country: as, the American colony in Paris.
    • n colony A number of animals or plants living or growing colonially. Specifically— In botany, a group of (generally unicellular) fungi or algæ produced by cell-division from a common parent cell, and adhering in groups or chains, sometimes held together by an enveloping gelatinous substance, each individual being able to exist separately.
    • colony To colonize.
    • n colony A circumscribed aggregation of bacteria of the same species in artificial culture.
    • n colony In sociology, a group of individuals of like natures or having a common interest, living by themselves as a self-sufficient social organization.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A community of ants is called a colony.
    • n Colony kol′on-i a name somewhat vaguely applied to the foreign dependencies of a state (a Roman colony was a military settlement planted in subject territory; a Greek colony consisted of a band of emigrants impelled to seek a new home, and connected with their mother-city by no stronger tie than that of sentiment): a body of persons who form a fixed settlement in another country: the settlement so formed: the place they inhabit
    • n Colony an inhabitant of a colony, a colonist
    • v.i Colony to settle
    • ***

Quotations

  • Benjamin Disraeli
    Benjamin%20Disraeli
    “Colonies do not cease to be colonies because they are independent.”
  • James F. Cooper
    James%20F.%20Cooper
    “America owes most of its social prejudices to the exaggerated religious opinions of the different sects which were so instrumental in establishing the colonies.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. colonia, fr. colonus, farmer, fr. colere, to cultivate, dwell: cf. F. colonie,. Cf. Culture

Usage

In literature:

There isn't another sheriff in the colony as could bag a fellow like that same Allen.
"The Hero of Ticonderoga" by John de Morgan
Other colonies were formed both north and south, and they stood by themselves with no mother-country to uphold them.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 11" by Various
To these brave people, neither the crown nor the colonies appealed in vain.
"An Historical Account of the Settlements of Scotch Highlanders in America" by J. P. MacLean
Their places were filled by less experienced regiments from France, England, and the English colonies.
"World's War Events, Vol. I" by Various
In all the Colonies there was at this stage of the war no city more important than Philadelphia.
"The Loyalist" by James Francis Barrett
Surgery was in its infancy in America, and on the frontier of the American colonies, every one was his own surgeon.
"The Witch of Salem" by John R. Musick
I hope that I may live to see you the best printer in the colonies.
"True to His Home" by Hezekiah Butterworth
The Cape Colony was only in name a British colony.
"Lord Milner's Work in South Africa" by W. Basil Worsfold
The island had been a Dutch colony, and like other Dutch colonies had passed into the hands of France.
"The Political History of England - Vol XI" by George Brodrick
The scene is altogether gay, and affords a gratifying indication of the wealth and importance of this fine colony.
"Trade and Travel in the Far East" by G. F. Davidson
Several new units had been formed throughout the colony.
"The Chronicles of a Gay Gordon" by José Maria Gordon
Half of the profit from their labors went to the Company to defray costs of Colonial government.
"Domestic Life in Virginia in the Seventeenth Century" by Annie Lash Jester
More than another year was suffered to elapse before White returned to search for the long-neglected colony.
"History of the Colony and Ancient Dominion of Virginia" by Charles Campbell
The colonies were aflame with indignation.
"St. Nicholas Magazine for Boys and Girls, Vol. 8, May 1886, No. 7." by Various
We propose to set up a colony.
"The Colonists" by Raymond F. Jones
Colony was divided from colony by many miles of forest and backwood.
"A Historical Geography of the British Colonies" by Charles Prestwood Lucas
The Assembly of this colony is now sitting at Hartford.
"Familiar Letters of John Adams and His Wife Abigail Adams During the Revolution" by John Adams
Philadelphia was at that time the home of liberal ideas in the colonies.
"The True Benjamin Franklin" by Sydney George Fisher
Had the Council in England made better selections for the Council in Virginia, the colony would have been saved much disorder and suffering.
"Give Me Liberty" by Thomas J. Wertenbaker
In Natal and Cape Colony we possess two specimens of ordinary self-governing colonies.
"The African Colony" by John Buchan
***

In poetry:

A gallant, ruffled rover,
With beauty-loving eye,
He swept Colonial waters
Of coarser, bloodier fry.
"The Cross-Current" by Abbie Farwell Brown
The colonial-experience man, he is there, of course,
With his shiny leggin's, just got off his horse,
Casting round his eye like a real connoisseur,
Whistling the old tune, 'I'm the perfect lure'.
"Click Go The Shears, Boys" by Anonymous Oceania
Them Attucks views; beneath his breast
The martial music beats and burns;
His manly bosom with unrest
Now rises, and now falls by turns;
Ready he stands to strike a blow,
To rid the colony of its foe.
"Crispus Attacks" by George Hannibal Temple
We enter; and between great rows
Of locusts winds a grass-grown road;
And at its glimmering end,--o'erflowed
With quiet light,--the white front shows
Of an old mansion, grand and broad,
With grave Colonial porticoes.
"The Brothers" by Madison Julius Cawein
The head of the procession looked very grand -
A party of the Horse Guards with their gold-belaced band;
Which also headed the procession of the Colonial States,
While slowly they rode on until opposite the Palace gates.
"The Queen's Jubilee Celebrations" by William Topaz McGonagall
'Tis of a wild Colonial Boy, Jack Doolan was his name,
Of poor but honest parents he was born in Castlemaine.
He was his father's only hope, his mother's pride and joy,
And dearly did his parents love the wild Colonial Boy.
"The Wild Colonial Boy" by Anonymous Oceania

In news:

A state Supreme Court justice said Colonie officials acted within their rights in demoting two town employees for their roles in the 2007 paving job at the West Albany Rod and Gun Club.
Mammal colony gives its seal of approval to cleaner River Lagan.
The French and former French colonies of Haiti, Martinique and Guadeloupe have created similar complexity by distilling their rums from cane syrup instead of rum's typical base of molasses.
Actors play Pilgrims at Plymouth colony in the new history channel series 'America: The Story of Us.
France ceded possession to Great Britain in 1763, which made the island a colony in 1805.
The Colonial Theatre 111 South St Pittsfield, MA, 413 997-4444.
Broadcast and Focus Group The Be Colony Investigate Witch Cults of the Radio Age.
Colonials Driving School , Williamsburg.
Colonial Driving School ( July 31, 2012 ).
" wrote James Rollins, New York Times bestselling author of "The Devil Colony," "ripping adventure, buried mysteries and intrigue that spans centuries.
" wrote James Rollins, New York Times bestselling author of "The Devil Colony," ripping adventure, buried mysteries and intrigue that spans.
Superintendent of North Colonie Central Schools, Randy Ehrenberg , has announced her retirement, effective July 30, 2010, according to a release issued by district communications specialist Steve King.
Wag Halen's Beach Cities Jam, a sumptuous smorgasbord of rock 'n' roll, is partnering with the 101 Artists' Colony to produce an all-night embrace of audio-visual stimulation.
NARRAGANSETT– Gambia , a former Portuguese and British colony is a smallest ribbon of cities, villages, and swamps along the Gambia River, measuring only 30 miles at its widest point.
START a new life in the offworld colonies.
***

In science:

These are processes taking values in P (E )I , where I is a countable Abelian group playing the role of a geographic space labelling the colonies of the population (e.g.
Renormalisation of hierarchically interacting Cannings processes
Zd , the d-dimensional integer lattice, or ΩN , the hierarchical group of order N ), E is a compact Polish space playing the role of a type space encoding the possible types of the individuals living in these colonies (e.g. [0, 1]), and P (E ) is the set of probability measures on E .
Renormalisation of hierarchically interacting Cannings processes
An element in P (E )I specifies the frequencies of the types in each of the colonies in I .
Renormalisation of hierarchically interacting Cannings processes
Assume that the individuals migrate between the colonies according to independent continuous-time random walks on I .
Renormalisation of hierarchically interacting Cannings processes
Inside each colony, the evolution is driven by a change of generation called resampling.
Renormalisation of hierarchically interacting Cannings processes
By picking different resampling mechanisms, occurring at a rate that depends on the state of the colony, we obtain variants of interacting Fleming-Viot diffusions with a state-dependent resampling rate [DM95].
Renormalisation of hierarchically interacting Cannings processes
On top of migration and single-colony resampling, we add multi-colony resampling by carrying out a Cannings-type resampling in all blocks simultaneously, combined with a reshuffling of the individuals inside the block before the resampling is done.
Renormalisation of hierarchically interacting Cannings processes
With the limiting dynamics obtained through the hierarchical mean-field limit one associates a (nonlinear) renormalisation transformation Fc (which depends on the migration rate c), acting on the resampling rate function g driving the diffusion in single colonies.
Renormalisation of hierarchically interacting Cannings processes
C Λ -process with immigration-emigration: McKean-Vlasov limit The N → ∞ limit of the N -colony model defined in Section 1.3.2 can be described in terms of an independent and identically distributed family of P (E )-valued processes indexed by N.
Renormalisation of hierarchically interacting Cannings processes
The deformation of bacterial colonies and the mixture of strains were discussed previously.
Generalized Entropy from Mixing: Thermodynamics, Mutual Information and Symmetry Breaking
We use several distinct colonies of ants, each of a distinct color, that drop colored pheromones.
Different goals in multiscale simulations and how to reach them
The state of a single colony is described by a probability measure on some countable type space, the geographic space is modelled by a set of colonies and the colonies (or demes) are labelled with the countable hierarchical group ΩN or some other countable Abelian group.
Duality for spatially interacting Fleming-Viot processes with mutation and selection
Resampling is modelled in each colony by the usual Fleming-Viot diffusion.
Duality for spatially interacting Fleming-Viot processes with mutation and selection
More precisely the model we use arises from the particle model driven by migration of particles between colonies, and in each site by resampling of types, mutation and selection.
Duality for spatially interacting Fleming-Viot processes with mutation and selection
The set of colonies (sites or components) will be indexed by a set ΩN , which is countable and specified in (β ) below.
Duality for spatially interacting Fleming-Viot processes with mutation and selection
***