• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Cithara (Mus) An ancient stringed musical instrument resembling the harp.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n cithara An ancient Greek musical instrument of the lyre class. See lyre.
    • n cithara [capitalized] In zoology, a genus of prosobranchiate gastropodous mollusks.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Cithara sith′a-ra an ancient musical instrument closely resembling the guitar
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. Cf. Cittern Guitar
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.,—Gr. kithara. A doublet of Guitar.


In literature:

Apollo discovered the art of medicine and invented the cithara.
"History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom" by Andrew Dickson White
The moon rose; then the cithara and the flute began to play together.
"Salammbo" by Gustave Flaubert
Augustians, male and female, a thousand citharae.
"Quo Vadis" by Henryk Sienkiewicz
Philothea took her cithara, and played his favourite tunes.
"Philothea" by Lydia Maria Child
And music played the tympanum and the pipe, the cithara and the harp.
"Famous Modern Ghost Stories" by Various
He made a cithara and a guitar for himself with only such tools as a boy can command.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 20, No. 117, July, 1867." by Various
The lyre, with which Baccio Ugolino as Orfeo accompanied himself, may have been a cithara, but the probabilities are that it was not.
"Some Forerunners of Italian Opera" by William James Henderson
Musicians played on lyre and cithara, reed and tambour; there began an endless round of feasting, hunting, games, and sports.
"Nicanor - Teller of Tales" by C. Bryson Taylor
He carried on his back in a box a string taken from the cithara of the Emperor.
"The Temptation of St. Antony" by Gustave Flaubert
On the cool, perfumed air floated the softest strains, flowing like rippling water from cithara, lute and lyre.
"Saronia" by Richard Short
The lute and cithara, from the opposite side, took it up.
"Unfinished Portraits" by Jennette Lee
All the citharoedi bear instruments of the type here described as the cithara, and never one of the lyre type.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 4" by Various
Players on the cithara tune their instrument to these four, viz.
"The Modes of Ancient Greek Music" by David Binning Monro
Cithara; a Portuguese cither, probably dating from the beginning of the eighteenth century.
"Musical Myths and Facts, Volume I (of 2)" by Carl Engel

In poetry:

Thracian Chloë now governs me,
She can merrily sing, playing the cithara;
I'd not scruple to die for her,
If the Implacable spared Chloë, the auburn haired.
"Ninth Ode Of The Third Book Of Horace" by James Clerk Maxwell