• WordNet 3.6
    • n Cistercian member of an order of monks noted for austerity and a vow of silence
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Cistercian (Eccl) A monk of the prolific branch of the Benedictine Order, established in 1098 at Cîteaux, in France, by Robert, abbot of Molesme. For two hundred years the Cistercians followed the rule of St. Benedict in all its rigor.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Cistercian A member of an order of monks and nuns which takes its name from its original convent, C îteaux (Cistercium), near Dijon, in France, where the society was founded in 1098 by Robert, abbot of Molesme, under the rule of St. Benedict. They led a contemplative and very ascetic life, and, having emancipated themselves from the oversight of the bishops, formed a sort of religious republic, under the government of a high council of twenty-five members, the abbot of C îteaux being president. St. Bernard, abbot of Clairvaux (founded 1115), was the most celebrated member of the order, and is regarded as its second founder. Its discipline was afterward greatly relaxed, and several times reformed. From the Cistercians emanated the barefooted monks or Feuillants in France, the nuns of Port-Royal, and the monks of La Trappe. The French revolution reduced the Cistercians to a few convents in Belgium, Austria, Poland, and the Saxon part of Upper Lusatia. They wear a white cassock with a black scapular, but when officiating are clothed with a large white gown, with great sleeves and a hood of the same color. The Cistercians have abbeys in the United States at Gethsemane in Kentucky, and near Dubuque in Iowa.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Cistercian sis-ter′shan one of the order of monks established in 1098 in the forest of Citeaux (Cistercium), in France—an offshoot of the Benedictines.
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
LL. Cistercium,. F. Cîteaux, a convent not far from Dijon, in France: cf. F. cistercien,


In literature:

It was occupied by the Cistercians, and was dedicated to the Virgin Mary.
"England, Picturesque and Descriptive" by Joel Cook
The flower is often associated with the sword of justice, and both the Dominicans and the Cistercians held it in high honour.
"Storyology" by Benjamin Taylor
The name comes from the Cistercian Abbey of Warden in Beds.
"The Book of Pears and Plums" by Edward Bartrum
Certainly those old Cistercians knew how and where to build their monasteries.
"Cynthia's Chauffeur" by Louis Tracy
The Cistercian polity calls for special mention.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 4" by Various
To escape their wiles he determined to enter the Cistercian monastery of Citeaux.
"What Shall I Be?" by Rev. Francis Cassily
One such garden was the Cistercian convent of Helfta, near Eisleben, in Saxony, in the thirteenth century a centre of mystic tendencies.
"Of Six Mediæval Women" by Alice Kemp-Welch
Near Cologne is the fine old Cistercian abbey of Altenburg.
"The Cathedrals and Churches of the Rhine" by Francis Miltoun
There are still some fragments of the 1185 Cistercian Abbey.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 3" by Various
Foundation of the Cistercian Order 208 1099.
"Sketches of Church History" by James Craigie Robertson

In poetry:

Cistercians might crack their sides
With laughter, and exemption get,
At sight of heroes clasping brides,
And hearing--O the horn! the horn!
The horn of their obstructive debt!
"Hernani" by George Meredith

In news:

Father Peter Verhalen has become the first American to serve as abbot of the Cistercian Abbey Our Lady of Dallas.
The Cistercian Monastery elected him as the new abbot on Feb. Classifieds/Place an Ad.
FW Trinity Valley blanks Cistercian , 30-0.
Meditating with the Early Cistercians, ed.
Marian Piety from the Cistercians.
The Trappists , a branch of the Cistercian order of Catholic monks and nuns, are known for self-sufficiency.
In the general silence of a Cistercian abbey, one might hope for the numinous to reveal itself—and so it does in John Slater's poems.