• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Chouan One of the royalist insurgents in western France (Brittany, etc.), during and after the French revolution.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n chouan A member of a body of insurgent royalists of Brittany and the west of France, consisting almost entirely of peasants, who rose in 1792 against the French republic, and carried on a guerrilla warfare of great bitterness. They were not repressed till 1800, and even after that occasional insurrections occurred down to the first years of the reign of Louis Philippe (1830–48).
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary


In literature:

He was a bit of a 'chouan'; born in Brittany of a parliamentary family, and ennobled by Louis XVIII.
"Bureaucracy" by Honore de Balzac
Cornevin was undoubtedly a Chouan in 1794 and 1799.
"Sons of the Soil" by Honore de Balzac
He counted a dozen Chouans among his ancestry, and brigandage swam in his blood.
"A Book of Scoundrels" by Charles Whibley
English rockets from all the headlands, and those cursed Chouan cockchafers in the air!
"The Chouans" by Honore de Balzac
Gabriel Bruce, called Gros-Jean, one of the most ferocious Chouans of Fontaine's division.
"The Brotherhood of Consolation" by Honore de Balzac
After the publication of The Last Chouan, Balzac's literary activity became prodigious.
"Honoré de Balzac" by Albert Keim and Louis Lumet
I am the leader of the Chouans, and in the name of the Chouans I shall do what suits me.
"The Companions of Jehu" by Alexandre Dumas, père
And the Chouans professed to wage it only against the government.
"The House of the Combrays" by G. le Notre
The insurgent Chouans next claimed attention: and here the personal character of Napoleon gave him advantages of the first importance.
"The History of Napoleon Buonaparte" by John Gibson Lockhart
A Chouan prisoner of the Republic in the chateau de l'Escarpe in 1799.
"Repertory Of The Comedie Humaine, Complete, A -- Z" by Anatole Cerfberr and Jules François Christophe