Chark

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Chark Charcoal; a cinder.
    • v. t Chark To burn to a coal; to char.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • chark To creak; crack; emit a creaking sound.
    • chark To crack open; chap; chop.
    • chark To subject to a process of smothered combustion, for the production of charcoal; char. See char, which is the usual word.
    • chark [Appar. a particular use of the preceding; cf. burn, verb, I., 7.] To expose (new ale) to the air in an open vessel until it acquires a degree of acidity and therewith becomes clearer and sourer, fit for drinking.
    • n chark Charcoal.
    • n chark The fire-drill; an instrument for producing fire.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Chark chärk to burn to charcoal
    • n Chark charcoal, coke
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Abbrev. fr. charcoal,

Usage

In literature:

It is like wood charked for the smith.
"A Journey to the Western Isles of Scotland" by Samuel Johnson
This wretched Mr. Charke had won heavy wagers at the races from Uncle Silas, and at night they had played very deep at cards.
"The World's Greatest Books, Vol VI." by Various
They turned out to be John Lambert and Jacob Charke, who were drinking water at a door in the street through which the king had gone.
"A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels, Volume IX." by Robert Kerr
And then came that odious business about wretched Mr. Charke.
"Uncle Silas" by J. S. LeFanu
I can only say, he no harm suffered, and seems to be in N'chark happy.
"Fearful Symmetry" by Ann Wilson
N'chark will for him care.
"Youngling" by Ann Wilson
Colley Cibber's youngest daughter, CHARLOTTE, married Richard Charke, a violinist, from whom she was soon separated.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 3" by Various
Another suggestion is that it is connected with "chirk" or "chark," an old word meaning "to make a grating noise.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 7" by Various
He would say "chark" for everything, merely varying the key higher or lower according to the exigencies of the case.
"Original Penny Readings" by George Manville Fenn
Prometheus, the fire-bringer, the inventor of the chark, or earliest fire-kindling instrument.
"Traditions, Superstitions and Folk-lore" by Charles Hardwick
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In poetry:

But now I'd gladly give the world entire,
And all its treasures, for a little cup
From some cool stream, to slake the raging fire,
Which my chark'd tongue for ever parches-up.
"The Complaint And The Advice Of Dives, To His Five Brethren (Part 1)" by Rees Prichard

In science:

In particular, one can suppose that charK = 0.
Invariants of mixed representations of quivers II : defining relations and applications
If CharK = p > 0, the vectorial Lie algebras acquire one more parameter: N .
Structures of G(2) type and nonintegrable distributions in characteristic p
The modules with such highest weights are irreducible if CharK = 0; but since CharK = 3, some of these components are reducible.
Structures of G(2) type and nonintegrable distributions in characteristic p
De facto, for simple Lie algebras over R and C, the number K is always ≤ 1, but if charK > 0, and for superalgebras, then K > 1 is possible.
How to realize Lie algebras by vector fields
As a k0 -module, k1 decomposes into the direct sum of two (over C; for charK = 3 and in super setting, even over C, the situation is more involved) irreducible submodules, W1 spanned by cubic monomials in p and q , and W2 spanned by tpi and tqi .
How to realize Lie algebras by vector fields
If CharK = p > 0, the vectorial Lie algebras acquire one more parameter: N .
Simple Lie superalgebras and nonintegrable distributions in characteristic p
Recall that the local ring (R, m, k) is equicharacteristic if charR = chark , where charR denotes to the characteristic of the ring R.
Homological flat dimensions
Therefore we can temporarily assume that charK = 0.
Generators of supersymmetric polynomials in positive characteristic
If chark = 0, then we have the exponential map exp : g → G.
Local Rigidity of Partially Hyperbolic Actions
Then the braiding c is of Hecke type with regular mark 1 (regularity, when the mark is 1, just means charK = 0).
A Milnor-Moore Type Theorem for Primitively Generated Braided Bialgebras
Now, since charK = 0, we have that the canonical map σ : V → P = P (A) is bijective [Bo, Corollary at page 117].
A Milnor-Moore Type Theorem for Primitively Generated Braided Bialgebras
If charK = 0 then the nontrivial T-prime T-ideals are those of the polynomial identities of the following algebras: Mn (K ), Mn (E ), Mab (E ).
The centre of generic algebras of small PI algebras
The identities satisfied by the Grassmann algebra E are well known, see when charK = 0, and the references of for the remaining cases for K .
The centre of generic algebras of small PI algebras
Recall that the paper gives a basis of the identities satisfied by E⊗E but it is well known (see for example ) that the latter algebra satisfies the same identities as M11 (E ) when charK = 0.
The centre of generic algebras of small PI algebras
Note that if charK = p > 2 then the algebras M11 (E ) and E ⊗ E are not PI equivalent, see for example , or .
The centre of generic algebras of small PI algebras
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