Chancellor

Definitions

  • THE LABOUR LORD CHANCELLOR
    THE LABOUR LORD CHANCELLOR
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n chancellor the honorary or titular head of a university
    • n chancellor the person who is head of state (in several countries)
    • n Chancellor the British cabinet minister responsible for finance
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The terms "prime minister," "premier" and "chancellor" all refer to the leading minister of a government, and any differences from nation to nation stem from different systems of government, not from title definitions.
    • n Chancellor A judicial court of chancery, which in England and in the United States is distinctively a court with equity jurisdiction.☞ The chancellor was originally a chief scribe or secretary under the Roman emperors, but afterward was invested with judicial powers, and had superintendence over the other officers of the empire. From the Roman empire this office passed to the church, and every bishop has his chancellor, the principal judge of his consistory. In later times, in most countries of Europe, the chancellor was a high officer of state, keeper of the great seal of the kingdom, and having the supervision of all charters, and like public instruments of the crown, which were authenticated in the most solemn manner. In France a secretary is in some cases called a chancellor. In Scotland, the appellation is given to the foreman of a jury, or assize. In the present German empire, the chancellor is the president of the federal council and the head of the imperial administration. In the United States, the title is given to certain judges of courts of chancery or equity, established by the statutes of separate States.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n chancellor Originally, under the later Roman emperors, a doorkeeper or usher, who stood at the latticed railing inclosing the judgment-seat, to keep off the crowd and to introduce such persons as were entitled to pass inside. Later and naturally he became a sort of intermediary between petitioners and the judges, and arranged about their business. In the Eastern Empire, the Roman-German empire, and the kingdoms established on the ruins of the Roman empire, this intermediary doorkeeper became a notary or scribe on whom devolved the duty of preparing and sealing all important documents, such as charters, letters, and other official writings of the crown; hence he became keeper of the great seal, and in consequence of the influence of his position his office came to be one of the most important. From the Roman empire the ecclesiastical court at Rome introduced the office, and the chancery at the Vatican was repeated throughout the several bishoprics, where each diocese, and frequently each of the great monastic houses, had its chancellor.
    • n chancellor Hence A secretary; a notary.
    • n chancellor In Great Britain:
    • n chancellor The highest judicial officer of the crown, law adviser of the ministry, and keeper of the great seal: more fully designated lord high chancellor. He is a cabinet minister and privy councilor by virtue of his office, and prolocutor of the House of Lords by prescription, and ranks next after the princes of the blood and the Archbishop of Canterbury. The writs for the convocation of Parliament are issued by him. To him belongs the appointment of all justices of the peace, and he is the patron of all livings of the crown under the value of twenty marks in the king's books; he is keeper of the sovereign's conscience, visitor of all hospitals and colleges founded by the king, guardian of all charitable uses, and judge of the High Court of Chancery, now called the Chancery Division of the Supreme Court. There is also a lord high chancellor in Ireland at the head of the equity system of that country, and Scotland had a chancellor until the treaty of union with England in 1707.
    • n chancellor An officer, officially styled chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster, who presides in person or by deputy over the courts of law and equity in the duchy of Lancaster. He is usually a cabinet minister, and seldom a lawyer. The finance minister of the British government, more fully styled chancellor of the exchequer. He is invariably a member of the House of Commons, (that division of the legislature having the sole right of laying taxes and originating money bills) and also of the cabinet. The chancellor of the exchequer was formerly a judge ex officio in the equity department of the Court of Exchequer, taking precedence of all the barons; but when the equitable jurisdiction of this court was transferred by 5 Vict. v. to the Court of Chancery his judicial functions became obsolete.
    • n chancellor In the jury system of Scotland, the preses or foreman of a jury, who announces the verdict when it is a verbal one, and who, when it is in writing, hands it in and indorses it, in the name of the jury, along with the clerk of the court.
    • n chancellor In France:
    • n chancellor The chief officer of the crown, charged with the custody of the great seal, the administration of justice, and the duty of presiding over the councils of the king. The office was abolished in 1790, revived in name by Napoleon I., and finally abolished in 1848.
    • n chancellor The chief officer of the palace of a queen or prince
    • n chancellor A secretary, especially of an embassy or a consulate.
    • n chancellor In the new German empire, the president of the Federal Council, who is also charged with the supreme direction, under the emperor, of all imperial affairs.
    • n chancellor The chief officer, next to the honorary head, of a military or honorable order, who guards its seal, administers its property, and preserves its records: as, the chancellor of the Order of the Garter.
    • n chancellor Eccles.:
    • n chancellor An officer learned in canon law, who acts as vicar-general to a bishop, holds his courts, and directs and advises him in all matters of ecclesiastical law, and is the keeper of his seals. More fully styled chancellor of a bishop or of a diocese.
    • n chancellor An officer belonging to a cathedral, who arranges the celebration of religious services, hears lessons, lectures in theology, writes letters of the chapter, applies the seal, keeps the books, etc.
    • n chancellor The titular head of a university, from whom all degrees are supposed to emanate. The chancellor was originally the notary of the chapter of the cathedral. But nobody could preach without the authorization of the bishop; and the pope as the chief of the bishops undertook to regulate this authorization. He made the chancellors of certain cathedrals his deputies for this purpose, and thus they alone could grant the degree of master of theology, the highest of the university, which carried with it the right to preach. The chancellors seldom took an active part in the government of the university. In Great Britain the office is now a merely honorary one, and is usually held by a nobleman or some statesman of eminence. The duties of the chancellor of Oxford or Cambridge are usually discharged by a vice-chancellor. There is an officer with similar functions in several of the colleges of the United States.
    • n chancellor In Delaware, New Jersey, and some others of the United States, a judge of the Court of Chancery or Equity. In Alabama, Mississippi, and Tennessee there are district chancellors chosen by popular vote.
    • n chancellor In Scripture, a master of the decrees, or president of the council. Ezra iv. 8.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Chancellor chan′sel-or (Shak.) secretary: the president of a court of chancery or other court: the official who keeps the registers of an order of knighthood: the titular head of a university:
    • n Chancellor chan′sel-or (Scot.) the foreman of a jury
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. canceler, chaunceler, F. chancelier, LL. cancellarius, chancellor, a director of chancery, fr. L. cancelli, lattices, crossbars, which surrounded the seat of judgment. See Chancel
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. chancelier—Low L. cancellarius, orig. an officer that had charge of records, and stood near the cancelli (L.), the crossbars that surrounded the judgment-seat.

Usage

In literature:

The lay Chancellors also maintained costly and pompous establishments, apart from the Inns of Court.
"A Book About Lawyers" by John Cordy Jeaffreson
At the table were seated with the King, the Queen, Prince, and Kadok, or great chancellor.
"Niels Klim's journey under the ground" by Baron Ludvig Holberg
The Chancellor took the side of Hastings.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
Rallywood had no time just then to pursue the subject further, as he was almost immediately recalled to the Chancellor's presence.
"A Modern Mercenary" by Kate Prichard and Hesketh Vernon Hesketh-Prichard
It was settled in council that the Chancellor and the Minister of War should prepare it together.
"Memoirs To Illustrate The History Of My Time" by François Pierre Guillaume Guizot
However, a threat on the part of the chancellor to resign brought this rapidly aging emperor to terms.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume I (of 8)" by Various
When he had closed his defence, the king and the earl of Arran, who was then chancellor, raged exceedingly against him.
"Biographia Scoticana (Scots Worthies)" by John Howie
Chancellor of Exchequer will mention this to Lord Derby, through whom they ought to reach your Majesty.
"The Letters of Queen Victoria, Volume III (of 3), 1854-1861" by Queen of Great Britain Victoria
The last was drawn by Perceval, the new Chancellor of the Exchequer.
"The Life of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, Bart., K.C.S.I." by Sir Leslie Stephen
Brougham became Lord Chancellor, the Reform Bill passed into a law, and slavery was abolished in the colonies.
"Leading Articles on Various Subjects" by Hugh Miller
The Chancellor of the Exchequer went twice.
"The Red Hand of Ulster" by George A. Birmingham
The seals were delivered to the new chancellor in November, 1529.
"History of England from the Fall of Wolsey to the Death of Elizabeth. Vol. II." by James Anthony Froude
Yet your Emperor, we hear, will let the Chancellor choose his.
"The Princess Virginia" by C. N. Williamson
The Duke of Devonshire is the chancellor.
"England, Picturesque and Descriptive" by Joel Cook
At the time Yan Dsi was chancellor of Tsi.
"The Chinese Fairy Book" by Various
Lord Manners, Lord Chancellor of Ireland, stopped several of the many counsels in a Chancery suit by saying he had made up his mind.
"Law and Laughter" by George Alexander Morton
The Chancellor shivered and said, 'We should be within a quarter-hour of Greenwich.
"The Fifth Queen" by Ford Madox Ford
Sir Francis Bacon, Knt., Lord Chancellor of England.
"A History of Horncastle from the earliest period to the present time" by James Conway Walter
By vote of the Board, the title "Chancellor of the Chautauqua University" was given to Dr. Vincent.
"The Story of Chautauqua" by Jesse Lyman Hurlbut
We mean the woolsack, on which sits the Lord Chancellor Chelmsford.
"Here and There in London" by J. Ewing Ritchie
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In poetry:

"Here Petty's finance, from the evils to come,
"With Fitzpatrick's sobriety creeps to the tomb;
"And Chancellor Ego, now left in the lurch,
"Neither dines with the Jordan, nor whines for the church.
"All The Talents" by George Canning
Fire on the screaming crowd, ambassador,
Sick chancellor, brave millionaire,
And name them by the name that is your name.
Give privilege to the wound, and maim
The last resister. Poison the air
And mew for peace, for order, and for war.
"Interregnum" by Weldon Kees
Butcher the evil millionaire, peasant,
And leave him stinking in the square.
Torture the chancellor. Leave the ambassador
Strung by his thumbs from the pleasant
Embassy wall, where the vines were.
Then drill your hogs and sons for another war.
"Interregnum" by Weldon Kees

In news:

The University of South Carolina Beaufort has appointed Quin Monahan as its director of athletics, effective Sept 10, Chancellor Dr Jane T Upshaw announced last week.
Superintendent Dr Steven Chancellor reported the first day of classes came off "without a hitch".
The New York City Schools Chancellor told the Board of Education yesterday that he believed it was important for all public schools in the city to begin the day with a recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance.
President Obama and Chancellor Merkel pose for a photo together at the White House state dinner.
Yves Bertoncini, secretary general of Notre Europe, discusses yesterday's first meeting between German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Francois Hollande and the outlook for Europe's economies.
Latest survey reveals the decision to retain Chancellor George Osborne and reintroduce David Laws to the Cabinet has damaged the Government's reputation.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel Friday ruled out the possibility of Spanish banks being able to apply retroactively for direct recapitalization, after the establishment of a banking supervisor in 2013.
Today's crisis really isn't about Dr Elsa Murano, who has announced her intention to resign as President, or for that matter, Chancellor Mike McKinney.
Security was tighter than for appearances by the chancellor.
No matter who wins, DC Schools Chancellor Michelle Rhee ought to be offered a position in the US Department of Education.
Ed Miliband appoints Alan Johnson as Shadow Chancellor - and Johnson tells Channel 4 News that Labour will oppose changes to child benefit and the erosion of "the precious principle of universality".
UNL Chancellor Harvey Perlman has announced that the former Miami A.D. Will will succeed Tom Osborne.
For the second time in the last three years, Chancellor University is at risk of losing its accreditation, which if yanked could jeopardize the future of the small, for-profit college in Seven Hills.
Rim, who owns Raw Sushi & Sake Bar at 1225 Sansom St and the Corner at 13th and Chancellor Streets (with another on the way at 1710 Sansom St.), says he's using only a fraction of Speck 's never-used high-tech equipment.
Spotsylvania Board of Supervisors, Chancellor District since 2003.
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In science:

The fourth of five sons, he had a rich scientific, technological and political heritage: three of his uncles were chancellors of the University of Catania and members of the Italian parliament, while another, Quirino Ma jorana, was a renowned experimental physicist and once president of the Italian Physical Society.
Ettore Majorana and his heritage seventy years later
Dr. K. Sarukesi, Vice Chancellor, Hindustan University has a very distinguished career spanning over 40 years.
Query sensitive comparative summarization of search results using concept based segmentation
Baral, C., Chancellor, K., Tran, N., Tran, N., Joy, A., and Berens, M. 2004. A knowledge based approach for representing and reasoning about signaling networks.
A Translational Approach to Constraint Answer Set Solving
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