• WordNet 3.6
    • n Caryota fishtail palms
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n caryota A genus of large palms, natives of India and the Malay archipelago, with bipinnate leaves and wedge-shaped leaflets, strongly toothed at the extremity. The best-known species, C. urens, called the bastard sago, is a native of India, and is of great value. By severing the ends of the successive flowering stems a sweet sap is obtained, which is either boiled down into syrup and sugar, or made by fermentation into toddy, which yields arrack by distillation. The soft pith abounds in sago-like farina, which is made into bread or eaten as gruel. The outer part of the stem is hard, strong, and durable, and is much used for building and for agricultural implements; and the sheaths of the leaves yield a very strong fiber, known as kittul fiber, which is said to be indestructible.
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In literature:

Pandanus still continues, as also Marlea, Wallichia, Caryota, and Pentaptera.
"Journals of Travels in Assam, Burma, Bhootan, Afghanistan and TheNeighbouring Countries" by William Griffith
The nibong (Caryota urens), another species of palm, grows wild in such abundance as not to need cultivation.
"The History of Sumatra" by William Marsden