Camphene

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Camphene kăm"fēn or kăm*fēn" (Chem) One of a series of substances C10H16, resembling camphor, regarded as modified terpenes.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n camphene The generic name of the volatile oils or hydrocarbons having the general formula C10H16, which are isomeric or polymeric with oil of turpentine. Many camphenes exist ready formed in plants, as oil of cloves, bergamot, etc. They are liquid at ordinary temperatures, and are distinguished from one another by their odors, boiling-points, and action on polarized light. They absorb oxygen and convert it into ozone. The name is synonymous with terpene; but by some authorities the latter is made the generic name of all the volatile hydrocarbons having the formula C10H16, while camphene is limited to those terpenes which are solid at ordinary temperatures.
    • n camphene The commercial term for purified oil of turpentine, obtained by distilling the crude oil over quicklime to free it from resin. It gives a brilliant light in lamps having a very strong draft for the prevention of smoke, and was extensively used before the introduction of petroleum.
    • n camphene Dextrocamphene (austracamphene) and levocamphene (terecamphene) are made by heating oil of turpentine, saturated with hydrochloric-acid gas, with alcoholic potash. They are crystalline and melt at 51–52° C. They rotate plane-polarized light in opposite directions. Inactive α-camphene is similar to the preceding, but it is optically inactive and melts at 47° C.
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Usage

In literature:

To make camphene, etc.
"Object Lessons on the Human Body" by Sarah F. Buckelew and Margaret W. Lewis
Camphene will extract grease and clean ribbons without changing the color of most things.
"Our Deportment" by John H. Young
With the appearance of kerosene distilled from petroleum the camphene lamp came into use.
"Artificial Light" by M. Luckiesh
The chief constituents of the oil are: linalol, cineol, borneol, terpineol, geraniol, pinene, camphene and camphor.
"The Handbook of Soap Manufacture" by W. H. Simmons
They took that jug of whiskey, but it's jest like camphene.
"Field and Forest" by Oliver Optic
A dangerous but very extensively used illuminating liquid before coal oil was discovered was camphene, distilled from turpentine.
"Inventions in the Century" by William Henry Doolittle
I let him have it to keep him from swallowing camphene or corrosive sublimate.
"Miss Ravenel's conversion from secession to loyalty" by J. W. de Forest
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