Calvinism

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Calvinism the theological system of John Calvin and his followers emphasizing omnipotence of God and salvation by grace alone
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: American President Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929) used to like Vaseline being rubbed on his head while he ate breakfast in bed
    • n Calvinism The theological tenets or doctrines of John Calvin (a French theologian and reformer of the 16th century) and his followers, or of the so-called calvinistic churches.☞ The distinguishing doctrines of this system, usually termed the five points of Calvinism, are original sin or total depravity, election or predestination, particular redemption, effectual calling, and the perseverance of the saints. It has been subject to many variations and modifications in different churches and at various times.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Only 4 mayors of U.S. cities went on to become president: Calvin Coolidge, Grover Cleveland, Theodore Roosevelt, and Andrew Johnson.
    • n Calvinism The theological tenets or doctrines of John Calvin, a French Protestant theologian (1509-64). The peculiar characteristics of his system, as derived from his “Institutes,” are his doctrines of original sin, namely, that we derive from Adam “not only the punishment, but also the pollution to which the punishment is justly due”; of freedom of the will, namely, that man “in his present state is despoiled of freedom of will and subject to a miserable slavery”; of grace, or that “the Lord both begins and completes the good work in us,” and gives us “both will and power”; of predestination, or “the eternal decree of God, by which he has determined in himself what he would have become of every individual of mankind”; and of perseverance, or the doctrine that all the elect will certainly be saved. Calvinism has, however, been materially modified since Calvin's day, and the name is applied to modern systems of theology which differ more or less widely from his system in each of these particulars. (See Calvinist.) Generally, Calvinism may be said to rest upon the absolute sovereignty of God over all his creatures. It is in a modified form the theological system of most Baptists, Presbyterians, and Congregationalists.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The only U.S. president to be born on the fourth of July was Calvin Coolidge.
    • n Calvinism kal′vin-izm the doctrines of the great Genevan religious reformer, John Calvin (1509-1564), as these are given in his Institutio, esp. as regards particular election, predestination, the incapacity for true faith and repentance of the natural man, efficacious grace, and final perseverance
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Quotations

  • Clarence Darrow
    Clarence%20Darrow
    “He's the greatest man who ever came out of Plymouth, Vermont. [On Calvin Coolidge]”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. Calvinisme,

Usage

In literature:

Goddard, Calvin, counsel for Prudence Crandall, 156.
"History of the Negro Race in America from 1619 to 1880. Vol. 2 (of 2)" by George Washington Williams
Now, have the writers in question any leaning or tenderness for the theology of Luther and Calvin?
"Historical Sketches, Volume I (of 3)" by John Henry Newman
BENJAMIN, CALVIN, 329, 331.
"The Medallic History of the United States of America 1776-1876" by J. F. Loubat
He would not have liked his child to be called Luther or Calvin.
"Hubert's Wife" by Minnie Mary Lee
Calvin, who destroys Servetus; or Pole, who kills Latimer, which you like.
"Wisdom, Wit, and Pathos of Ouida" by Ouida
D. Kelley, of Pennsylvania, and Calvin T. Hurlburd, of New York.
"The Life, Public Services and Select Speeches of Rutherford B. Hayes" by James Quay Howard
Backed alike by Calvin and God!
"The Long Roll" by Mary Johnston
Calvin Wilson, of Cumberland County.
"The Story of a Cannoneer Under Stonewall Jackson" by Edward A. Moore
Calvin, 30, 43, 51, 67, 68.
"John Knox" by A. Taylor Innes
It is not peculiar to Calvinism.
"Joy in Service; Forgetting, and Pressing Onward; Until the Day Dawn" by George Tybout Purves
It was the Calvin Tuttle home, which was on the river bank at the foot of the University hill.
"Old Rail Fence Corners" by Various
John Wesley balances Calvin's Institutes.
"The Wedding Ring" by T. De Witt Talmage
Worse still, in studying the Calvinism of Mrs. Clennam's house, he has almost become a Calvinist.
"Appreciations and Criticisms of the Works of Charles Dickens" by G. K. Chesterton
John Calvin was born at Noyon, in Picardy, on July 10, 1509.
"Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 3 of 8" by Various
As in Presbyterianism, so in Huguenot Calvinism, its form of government was republican.
"The Huguenots in France" by Samuel Smiles
His intimacy with Calvin led the more radical reformers to be suspicious of him, and not without reason.
"History of Education" by Levi Seeley
The opinions of Calvin were adopted generally.
"The Doctrines of Predestination, Reprobation, and Election" by Robert Wallace
BEZA, Theodore, an imitator of Calvin in abuse, i.
"Curiosities of Literature, Vol. 3 (of 3)" by Isaac Disraeli
BRICE, MRS. CALVIN, 814.
"The Life and Work of Susan B. Anthony (Volume 2 of 2)" by Ida Husted Harper
Zurich and Geneva were Republics, and the spirit of their governments influenced both Zwingli and Calvin.
"The History of Freedom" by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
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In poetry:

"The living fountain overflows
For every flock, for every lamb,
Nor heeds, though angry creeds oppose
With Luther's dike or Calvin's dam."
"Robinson Of Leyden" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
O spirit of Calvin! O shade of John Knox!
The Kirk is in danger, her faith orthodox;
In Moses, the God-given commandments an' law,
There are mony that say are worth naething ava.
"Rhymes For The Times: III" by Janet Hamilton
Chemist, you breed
In orient climes each sorcerous weed
That energizes dream--
Transmitted, spread in myths and creeds,
Houris and hells, delirious screeds
And Calvin's last extreme.
"The New Zealot To The Sun" by Herman Melville

In news:

Calvin Harris performs solo but should maybe hunt up a woman collaborator.
Vena Cava, Calvin Klein, and Marc by Marc Jacobs.
Calvin Klein's first problem was to make clothes women would wear on weekends that had the same understated look as his main collection but a totally informal feeling.
Emily Blunt looked stunning in Calvin Klein Collection.
The Davenport cross country teams had a strong showing against fellow schools within the state at Calvin College's Michigan Intercollegiate on a cloudy and chilly Friday afternoon.
SANFORD — John Calvin Matthews, 79, passed away Monday, July 9th, 2012 at Riverside Regional Medical Center in Newport News, Va. A graveside service will be held at 4:00 pm Saturday at Lemon Springs United Methodist Church Cemetery by Rev.
John Calvin Stamey 72 of Demorest died Nov 29 2011.
John Calvin , former New Madrid County commissioner, dies.
John H Calvin, a retired farmer and county judge, died Monday, Sept 27, 2010, following an extended illness.
This year's Festival of Faith and Writing at Calvin College included Jonathan Safran Foer, Marilynne Robinson, Chimimanda Ngoze Adichie, Luis Alberto Urrea, and Leila Aboulela.
Calvin College's Lizzie Kamp , left, is the 2012 AVCA Division III Player of the Year.
Inspired by "Calvin and Hobbes," Michael Kirchner of Independence Township started drawing comics about a year ago.
Paternal grandparents are Joyce Doyle and the late Calvin M Doyle "Jr".
Q&A: Calvin Abe, Landscape Architect and Co-Curator of Ecoartspace.
Enlarge Matthew Busch mbusch1@mlive.com Calvin's Joe Broekhuizen heads the ball away from defenders during Calvin College's game against Olivet College on Wednesday, October 10, 2012.
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In science:

Springer, New York. Guan, Y., Sherman, M. and Calvin, J. A. (2004). A nonparametric test for spatial isotropy using subsampling. J.
Random Marked Sets
Calvin: Deterministic or not? free will to choose.
Efficient Deterministic Replay Using Complete Race Detection
In Huzihiro Araki, Calvin Moore, Serban-Valentin Stratila, and Dan-Virgil Voiculescu, editors, Operator algebras and their connections with topology and ergodic theory, volume 1132 of Lecture Notes in Mathematics, pages 556–588.
Partial freeness of random matrices
In fact, using the ideas of Calvin Elgot and his collaborators, see [E] and [EBT], combined with a coalgebraic approach to systems of recursive equations [R] and [AAMV], one may drop the additional structure altogether and define solutions by corecursion , i.e., by means of a final coalgebra.
Final coalgebras in accessible categories
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