• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Cagot One of a race inhabiting the valleys of the Pyrenees, who until 1793 were political and social outcasts (Christian Pariahs). They are supposed to be a remnant of the Visigoths.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n cagot One of an outcast race inhabiting the French and Spanish Pyrenees, of remote but unknown origin. Congenital deformity is common among them, owing to their long residence in the deep, sunless valleys, and to the hardships they have endured. Their chief physical peculiarity is said to be the absence of the lower lobe of the ear. They were long proscribed, and held as lepers and heretics. The French Revolution gave them their civil rights, and their condition has been much improved.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Cagot kag′ō one of an outcast race found scattered in the district of the western Pyrenees, most likely the descendants of lepers.
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.; origin unknown.


In literature:

From the descriptions there is a decided difference between the Cagots and the cretins.
"Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine" by George M. Gould
CAGOTS, a people found in the Basque provinces, Bearn, Gascony and Brittany.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 4" by Various
All travellers speak of the Cagots, and make allusion to them, but nothing very positive is told.
"Béarn and the Pyrenees" by Louisa Stuart Costello
The "cagots" of mid-France are the descendants of former leper families.
"More Science From an Easy Chair" by Sir E. Ray (Edwin Ray) Lankester
Cagots, notices of, 428.
"Notes and Queries, Index of Volume 5, January-June, 1852" by Various
The Cagots, however, were not cretins.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 6" by Various
The following is an illustration of the Cagots' or Agots' songs.
"Basque Legends" by Wentworth Webster
Then, as before the first French revolution, the Cagots had a particular place and door set apart for them in the churches.
"Notes and Queries, Vol. IV, Number 98, September 13, 1851" by Various