Boyar

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Boyar A member of a Russian aristocratic order abolished by Peter the Great. Also, one of a privileged class in Roumania.☞ English writers sometimes call Russian landed proprietors boyars.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n boyar A personal title given to the highest class of Russian officials previous to the reign of Peter the Great. The title conferred a rank in the state, but brought no special duties with it. There was, however, a council of boyars, and it was customary to add to public papers, “The boyars have approved of it.” The title gradually died out in the reign of Peter the Great, as it was no longer newly conferred. (Schuyler, Peter the Great.) The term in popular usage came to signify the higher aristocracy. It still lingers in Rumania, where the popular name for the conservatives is the boyar party.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Boyar boy′är an order of the old Russian aristocracy, holding the chief military and civil offices prior to the reforms of Peter the Great.
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Russ. boiárin',

Usage

In literature:

They attach themselves as a rule to some great noble or boyar, and call themselves by his name.
"Dracula" by Bram Stoker
I'm going now to enter into the Boyar's daughter.
"Russian Fairy Tales" by W. R. S. Ralston
So he made a law for all the great boyars of his kingdom, that every one of them must build or buy him a ship.
"Rollo in Holland" by Jacob Abbott
The old Russian boyars were an example of such an aristocracy.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
They used to tell him that they wanted to have nothing to do with the Roumanian boyars.
"The Birth of Yugoslavia, Volume 2" by Henry Baerlein
Feodor, the son of Boris, was proclaimed czar by the boyars of the court.
"Historic Tales, Vol. 8 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
Near Boyare, on the Dvina above Friedrichstadt, Russian light artillery smashed a German light battery.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume V (of 8)"
When the boyar told this to Tsar Ador, he ordered the boys to be brought along with him.
"The Russian Garland" by Various
The Princess, whose Christian name was Sophia, was the daughter of a boyar of Little Russia.
"The International Spy" by Allen Upward
Like a Russian Boyar, or a Wallachian Hospodar, or something of that kind.
"Hildegarde's Harvest" by Laura E. Richards
As the political situation of the period varied, he was alternately supported or opposed by the boyars (large landowners).
"Area Handbook for Bulgaria" by Eugene K. Keefe, Violeta D. Baluyut, William Giloane, Anne K. Long, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
In the midst of his preparations he died suddenly, poisoned, it is said, by the boyars who were afraid of his vast plans.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 2" by Various
His fear of possible pretenders induced him to go so far as to forbid the greatest of the boyars to marry.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 3" by Various
But little fool Ivan he set beside himself, and made him the chief over the Boyars, and the captain of the captains.
"Russian Fairy Tales" by R. Nisbet Bain
In this way the new nobles have insensibly supplanted the old boyars.
"Travels in the Steppes of the Caspian Sea, the Crimea, the Caucasus, &c." by Xavier Hommaire de Hell
Where are your castles and boyars and troops?
"With Fire and Sword" by Henryk Sienkiewicz
If he is really an attendant boyar, he is of the same rank as the village nobles.
"The Deluge, Vol. I. (of 2)" by Henryk Sienkiewicz
Golitsuin it was who suggested taking refuge in that strong fortress and won over the boyars of the opposite party.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 2" by Various
But the boyars trembled.
"Roumanian Stories" by Various
The grand duke henceforth held aloof from his boyars.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 1" by Various
***

In poetry:

It all will have the haze of fairy tales
Upon it, like the gilt and dazzle
Of ornaments in Boyar chambers and
On the cathedral of St Basil.
"Spring" by Boris Pasternak

In news:

Value investor Mark Boyar thinks so.
Gene Boyars/The Star-Ledger Martin Brodeur reacts after losing game 6 of the 1994 Eastern Conference Finals against the Rangers.
Richard Quinn/Special to the Star Some descendants of Mae Boyar's sit at the sign marking the park named in her honor during a Mae Day community history celebration Sunday at Mae Boyar Park in Oak Park.
Boyar's relatives are (from left) great-grandson Michael Kennedy.
Boyar's granddaughter , Karen Kennedy.
Boyar's relatives are (from left) great- grandson Michael Kennedy.
Andy Boyar said he was pretty well prepared for Hurricane Sandy, but even so, there are always more things that a person can learn when the remnants of a hurricane blow through and knock out power for an extended period of time.
***