• Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Blackcoat A clergyman; -- familiarly so called, as a soldier is sometimes called a redcoat or a bluecoat.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n blackcoat One who wears a black coat: a common and familiar name for a clergyman, as redcoat is, in England, for a soldier.
    • n blackcoat plural A name given to the German reiters, or mercenary troops, in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, from their black armor and dress.
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In literature:

By the bye, who is this blackcoat you have here, this St Lys?
"Sybil or the Two Nations" by Benjamin Disraeli
All the old blackcoated bustle with its cockney vivacity and vulgarity had disappeared.
"The Ball and The Cross" by G.K. Chesterton
These comprise Emanuel Hospital, Greencoat School (St. Margaret's), Palmer's (Blackcoat School), and Hill's Grammar School.
"Westminster" by Sir Walter Besant
The three "blackcoats" watched in silence until the grotesque figure had vanished.
"The Mardi Gras Mystery" by H. Bedford-Jones