• WordNet 3.6
    • n Bambusa tall tender clumping bamboos
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n bambusa A genus of arborescent grasses, of the tribe Bambuseæ (which see), of about 25 well-known species, natives of southern and eastern Asia, one species only being cosmopolitan. This species, the common bamboo, B. vulgaris, is nowhere known as indigenous, but is naturalized in many places, and is cultivated extensively in the old world, the West Indies, and South America. Some of the species are spinose at the joints, others are climbers. The stems attain a height of 20, 50, or even 120 feet, with a diameter, in the larger species, of from 4 to 8 inches. The uses that are made of the stems and leaves of the various species of bamboo in the East Indies and eastern Asia are innumerable. Houses and their furniture, the masts, sails, and rigging of ships, rafts, bridges, fences, carts, palanquins, water-pipes, cordage, paper, boxes, baskets, mats, pipe-stems, and in fact nearly all articles of ordinary use, are made entirely or in part from this material. The seeds and young shoots are used as food, and the leaves furnish fodder for cattle.
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In literature:

Wallichia continues, as well as Bambusa, Saccharum Megala.
"Journals of Travels in Assam, Burma, Bhootan, Afghanistan and TheNeighbouring Countries" by William Griffith
We hope those trade growers who still group everything as Bambusa will follow the now accepted classification.
"Trees and Shrubs for English Gardens" by Ernest Thomas Cook