Backwardation

Definitions

  • He Went over Backwards 121
    He Went over Backwards 121
  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Backwardation (Stock Exchange) The seller's postponement of delivery of stock or shares, with the consent of the buyer, upon payment of a premium to the latter; -- also, the premium so paid. See Contango.
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Additional illustrations & photos:

So Straight he Leaned Backward 211 So Straight he Leaned Backward 211
A woman and her backwards umbrella form a letter K A woman and her backwards umbrella form a letter K

Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: An old law in Bellingham, Washington made it illegal for a woman to take more than 3 steps backwards while dancing.
    • n backwardation On the London Stock Exchange, the premium paid by a seller of stock for the privilege of postponing its delivery to the buyer until the next fortnightly settling-day. See contango.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Baseball is the only sport that looks backwards in a mirror.
    • n Backwardation percentage paid by a seller of stock for keeping back its delivery till the following account
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Quotations

  • Johann Friedrich Von Schiller
    Johann%20Friedrich%20Von%20Schiller
    “Historians are prophets with their face turned backward.”
  • Elizabeth Bowen
    Elizabeth%20Bowen
    “Intimacies between women go backwards, beginning with revelations and ending up in small talk without loss of esteem.”
  • Søren Kierkegaard
    Søren Kierkegaard
    “Life can only be understood backwards, but it must be lived forward.”
  • Søren Kierkegaard
    Søren Kierkegaard
    “Life must be lived forward, but can only be understood backwards.”
  • Ann Landers
    Ann%20Landers
    “Nobody gets to live life backward. Look ahead, that is where your future lies.”
  • Fredrich
    Fredrich
    “The historian looks backward. In the end he also believes backward.”

Idioms

Bend over backwards - If someone bends over backwards, they do everything they can to help someone.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Backward, v. t. + -ation,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Back, and affix Ward, Wards, in the direction of.

Usage

In literature:

He pricked his ear; his eye glanced backward with loving intelligence.
"Red Rose and Tiger Lily" by L. T. Meade
As the boy toppled backward, Mike turned to face the other boy.
"Unwise Child" by Gordon Randall Garrett
This is generally caused by falling over backward and striking the poll, or perhaps falling forward on the nose, by a blow on the head, etc.
"Special Report on Diseases of the Horse" by United States Department of Agriculture
He dropped into a walk that looked rapid, facing round and moving backward.
"Bonaventure" by George Washington Cable
It suddenly struck me she had the whole thing backwards.
"Greener Than You Think" by Ward Moore
With the stunning report that followed, he rolled backward into the cabin and sprang to his feet.
"The Camp in the Snow" by William Murray Graydon
It was "Ben Butler's" special antic to fall over backward.
"Roosevelt in the Bad Lands" by Hermann Hagedorn
Some feet above the two-inch rope ran an electric wire with a motor engine which propelled the car backwards and forwards.
"Chatterbox, 1906" by Various
The game consists in a race run backward on feet and hands (or "all fours") to the circles.
"Games for the Playground, Home, School and Gymnasium" by Jessie H. Bancroft
He toppled backward and I went through the doorway.
"The Fire People" by Ray Cummings
Two operators could talk backwards and forwards easily on the piping.
"The Young Railroaders" by Francis Lovell Coombs
A division formed of those men who are backward in gaining dexterity.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
She had stopped, and he was tramping nervously backward and forward.
"A Son of Hagar" by Sir Hall Caine
His iron arms were bending her backward.
"Louisiana Lou" by William West Winter
He was driven backward and forward, but each time managed to get a little nearer the shore line.
"Sir Henry Morgan, Buccaneer" by Cyrus Townsend Brady
He expired a long breath of annoyance, and lifted his glance backward from the bottom of the page to its top.
"Dr. Sevier" by George W. Cable
Thereupon Douglas pushed him backward, causing him to be seated with great violence upon the floor.
"A Forest Hearth: A Romance of Indiana in the Thirties" by Charles Major
If afternoon, one must reckon half-way backward.
"Boy Scouts Handbook" by Boy Scouts of America
He found a wrist, and twisted, falling backward as he did so.
"The Wailing Octopus" by Harold Leland Goodwin
Then the swift adroitness of knee and shoulder bent me backward almost off my feet.
"The Price of the Prairie" by Margaret Hill McCarter
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In poetry:

That was what the engine said,
With a whoop and a hail
As he kept the rail,
Butting space backward with his head.
"What The Engine Says" by Alexander Anderson
You are passed beyond the door
To which no key we find:
Can you look backward to the earth.
Or is it dark behind ?
"The Relief Of Ladysmith." by Ethel Clifford
Memory
Sighs to see
What you are, and used to be,
Looking backward to the time
When you wrote your earliest rhyme!--
"A Worn-Out Pencil" by James Whitcomb Riley
By memory backwards borne,
Peraps his thoughts did stray
To that old place where he was born,
Upon the first of May.
"Lines On A Late Hospicious Ewent," by William Makepeace Thackeray
We hear the sound of the river,
An ever-lessening moan,
The hearts of us all turn backwards
To where he is left alone.
"Camp Follower's Song, Gomal River" by Laurence Hope
I never see a castle
That is gaunt and grey and grim,
But my thoughts at once go backward
To the past so misty and dim.
"A Castle Old And Grey" by Alexander Anderson

In news:

Forward is really backward .
LETTER — America rejected GOP's backward ideology.
Americans rejected the GOP's divisive, obstructionist and backward ideology.
Man dies when vehicle rolls backward over him.
I never thought we'd be going backward .
But in almost every area the Mountaineers have gone backwards .
Voters' stark choice: Go forward or slip backward .
SEC's antibribery rule moves backward on transparency.
Josh Mandel's Family Calls Out Josh Mandel For His Backward Views on Gay Issues.
Memphis football coach Justin Fuente upset about step backward in latest loss.
NHL commish Gary Bettman "thoroughly disappointed" in three NHLPA offers, calls Thursday a "step backward " in negotiations.
Ann Coulter's backward use of the 'r-word'.
NHLPA offers three proposals, Gary Bettman calls them 'step backward '.
Dinosaur sites give visitors a peek backward in time.
Obama's slogan should be ' Backward .
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In science:

The physical conditions that correspond to the ”forward” evolution are represented by x = xA (t), while the physical conditions that correspond to the ”backward” evolution are the time-reversal of x = xB (t).
Quantum Irreversibility of Energy Spreading
When Y is also backwards tame this map is in an appropriate sense a controlled local equivalence near Y .
Lectures on controlled topology: mapping cylinder neighborhoods
The point of observing it directly from the proof is that eventually it is possible to run the argument backwards and derive the smoothing and triangulation structure theory from controlled theorems.
Lectures on controlled topology: mapping cylinder neighborhoods
We also did not take into account that there exist, for the small wave packet, backward transitions from higher levels to low ones, that must be discarded in the realistic model (since charmonium will dissociate).
Space-Time Evolution of the Oscillator, Rapidly moving in a random media
But it may also be the case that the new information β makes us revise backwards and conclude that it must be the case that α1 or, respectively, α2 was (before the new information) the better theory and, in this case, the revised theory should be α1 ∗ β or α2 ∗ β .
Distance Semantics for Belief Revision
It is evident that one can do these considerations backwards.
A Peirce decomposition for generalized Jordan triple systems of second order
It is evident that starting with (3.30) we can repeat all considerations backwards for all cases and come to formula (3.31).
A Peirce decomposition for generalized Jordan triple systems of second order
Each slit diffracts the particle further, and by integrating backwards along the probability current, a particular tra jectory within the initial emitted wave function can be defined to any limit of precision.
Spinors in Quantum Geometrical Theory
In fact, the backwards pro jected refinement of the original tra jectory is invalid because radiative interactions are part of the selection process at each slit.
Spinors in Quantum Geometrical Theory
Let E be a directed graph, for e ∈ E 1 we formally denote by e−1 , the edge e traversed backwards, so that s(e−1 ) = r(e) and r(e−1 ) = s(e).
Some intrinsic properties of simple graph $C^*$-algebras
Notice that the backward difference operator D− arises directly from our choice of blocking function B− β .
Lattice Supersymmetry and Topological Field Theory
One in particular uses an equivalent representation of the random walks by their forward (or backward) trees, which are trees uniformly spanning the sets of visited sites.
Conformal Fractal Geometry and Boundary Quantum Gravity
To see the other direction, we need only trace the steps above backwards.
Constructing r-matrices on simple Lie superalgebras
The other direction follows by tracing the argument backward.
On dispersionless coupled modified KP hierarchy
The merger history of 220 parent halos with present-day masses in the range 1011 < M0 < 1015 M⊙ is tracked backwards with a Monte Carlo algorithm based on the extended Press-Schechter formalism.
The formation of galaxy stellar cores by the hierarchical merging of supermassive black holes
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